Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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2140 [2117]

Q. Mary. An Oration of M. Hales to Queene Elizabeth.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.the plague of God, MarginaliaTyrantes & euill gouernours be the plague of God. they would neyther haue passed on his iustice, nor yet should they haue felt the sweetenesse of hys mercy. For commonly the people regard but thyngs present, and neither remember thynges past, nor yet passe on thynges to come, vnlesse they be warned by exceedyng extremities.

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MarginaliaGod worketh all thinges to his owne glory.Besides this, it is most euident, that hee had determined to make this noble conquest alone with his own hand and mighty power, and would not that it should be done by man, least man should impute any part of the glory of this victory to his owne strength, or to his owne pollicie, or that Fortune should seeme to beare any stroke in so glorious conquest, and so be partaker in mens opinions, of the triumph so worthy.

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Neither did his almighty power worke this when man would haue it dispatched, that is, as soone as the enemy began to gather their force, for it is not so great a victory to discomfit a few dispersed people, as it is to destroy a perfectly vnited army, but he suffred them to make their force as great as was possible to worke whatsoeuer mischiefs by spoyle, banishment, prisonment, hangyng, headyng, burning, or otherwise could be imagined.

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Neither would his most prouident wisedome doe it out of season: but as the good husbandman doth not crop his tree, till it haue rendered his fruit: so would hee not root out these pestilent tyrannies, til the most profit might be taken thereof.

MarginaliaAffliction tryeth men whether they be good or euill.When he had geuen sufficient laisure to all kynd of mē to declare themselues who were Crocodiles, sometyme lying in water, sometyme on land, that is, both Gospellers and papists. Who were Sponges, suspected whether they had lyfe or no lyfe: whether they were Christians or Epicures: who were Cameleons, that could turne themselues into all colours, with Protestantes, Protestantes: with Papists, Papists: with Spaniards, Spaniards: wt Englishmen, Englishmen: who were Gnatoes 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 675, fn 1

"Gnathos," flattering and deceitful men. - ED.

þt could apply themselues to euery mans appetite that was in authoritie: who were Marygolds, that followed Maries mad affections: who were Weathercockes that did turne with euery wynd: who were Mastiues that could byte & barke not: who were Curres euer barking: who were Foxes that would promise much, and performe nothyng: who could bynd themselues with many othes, & do cleane contrary: who were Caines that sought the innocent Abels death: who were the Wolfes that wearied þe lambs: and finally, when he had suffered the spirituall shauelings to spue out their venom, and euery man plainly to declare outwardly, what he was inwardly: then doth hee worke this most victorious conquest. And with his workes seemeth plainely to say thus vnto vs: MarginaliaGod plenteously poureth his benefites vpon vs, not for our sakes, but of his infinite mercy, and for his gloryes sake.Ye see (my people) what I haue done for you, not for your sakes, which nothing regarded the benefits that I most plenteously poured on you, and haue deserued most greuus punishment for your vnthankfulnes: but of myne infinite mercy, and for my glories sake, which I will haue opened to all the world in these latter dayes, to the feare of euill doers, & to the cōfort of the well doers. Prouoke no more my wrath, ye see what will follow it, be hereafter more prudent and wyse then ye were before. Ye may, if ye will, be more circumspect in tyme to come, then ye haue bene in tyme past: ye may if ye list put me to lesse trouble, and keepe your selues in more safetie. I haue not onely discouered myne, yours, and my land of Englands euemies, & all the crafts subtleties, and pollicies that haue bene, or may be vsed by them, or any like hereafter, but I haue also taken away their head and captaine, and destroyed a great number of them, that ye should not be troubled with them, and some of them haue I left, that ye may make them spectacles and examples to the terrour and feare of their posterity. Loue me, and I will loue you, seeke my honour and glory, and I will worke your commoditie and safetie: walke in my wayes and commaundements, and I wil be with you for euer. MarginaliaWonderfull is the mercy of God in deliuering this Realme from the tyranny of the Papistes.Surely, if we consider the wonderfull mercy that it hath pleased God to vse towards vs in the deliueryng of this Realme and vs his people, out of the handes of these most cruell tyrants, as we cannot but do, vnlesse we wyll declare our selues to be the most vnthankefull people that euer liued, we must needs iudge it not onely worthy to be compared, but also farre to exceed the deliueraunce of the children of Israell out of Egypt from the tiranny of Pharao, and from the powers of Holofernes and Senacherib. For is it not read, that either Pharao or the other two sought any other thing, then to be Lords of the goods and bodies of the Israelites, they forced them not to committe Idolatry, and to serue false Gods, as these English tyrāts did.

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But besides, if we will note the wonderfull works of God in handling this matter, we shall well perceiue, that

farre much more is wrought to his glory, and to the profite of his church and people, then perchance all men at the first do see. For he hath not onely dispatched the Realme of the chiefe personages and hed of these tyrants: but also as it were, declareth, that he mynded not that eyther they or their doynges, shoulde continue. For albeit that all actes done by tyrantes tyrannouslye, bee by all Lawes, reason and equitie, of no force, yet because no Disputation shoulde follow on this, what is tyrannously done, and what is not tyrannouslye done, hee hath prouided that this question needeth not come in question. MarginaliaThe Papistes buildings stand so long onely as they be propt vp with rope, sword, & fagot.For hee vtterly blinded their eyes, and suffred them to builde on false grounds which can no longer stande, then they bee propped vp with rope, sword and fagot. For her first parliament whereon they grounded and wroght a great part of their tyrannie, and wherein they ment to ouerthrowe whatsoeuer king Edward had for the aduauncement of Gods glory brought to passe, was of no force or authoritie. For she perceiuing that her enemies stomacke coulde not be emptied, nor her malice spued on the people by any good order, she committeth a great disorder. She by force and violence, taketh from the Commons their libertie, that according to the auncient lawes and customes of the Realme, they could not haue their free election of knights and Burgesses for the Parliament. For shee well knew, that if eyther Christian men, or true English men, should be elected, it was not possible to succeed that she intended. And therfore in many places diuers were chosen by force of her threats, meet to serue her malicious affectiōs. Wher fore þt parliamēt was no parliamēt, but may be iustly called a conspiracy of tyrantes and traytors. For the greater part by whose authority and voyces thinges proceeded in that Court, by their actes most manifestly declared themelues so, the rest being both Christians and true English men, although they had good wills, yet not able to resist or preuayle agaynst the multitude of voyces and suffrages of so many euill false to God, and enemyes to their countrey. MarginaliaBurgesses vnlawfully disorderly and violently thrust out of the Parliament house in Queene Maryes dayes.Also diuers Burgesses being orderly chosen, and lawfull retorned, as in some places the people did what they could to resist her purposes, were disorderly and vnlawfully put out, and others without any order or lawe in their places placed. Doctour Taylour Bishop of Lincolne a Christian Byshop and a true English man, being lawfully and orderly called to the Parliament, and placed in the Lords house in his degree, was in his robes by vyolence thrust out of the house. Alexander Nowell with two other, al three being Burgesses for diuers shyres and Christian men and true Englishe men, and lawfully chosen, retorned, and admitted, were by force putte out of the house of the Commons, for the which cause the same Parliament is also voyde, as by a President of the Parliament holden at Couentry in the 38. yeare of K. Henry the sixt, it most manifestly appeareth. MarginaliaThe third Parliament in Quueene Maryes dayes, not orderly and formally called and therefore of none effecte.And the third Parliamente called in the name of her husband, and of her euill grace, wherein they would haue vndone, that her noble Father and the Realme had brought to passe for the restitution of the libertie of the Realme, and for extinguishment of the vsurped authoritie of the Bish. of Rome, is also voyd, and of none authoritie. For that the title and stile of supreme head of othe church of England, which by a Statute made in the 35. yeare of the raigne of the sayd K. Henry, was ordeined, that it should be vnited and annexed for euer to the imperiall crowne of this Realme, was omitted in þe writs of summonyng. Wherefore as a woman can bryng foorth no chyld without a man, so cannot those writs bring forth good and sure fruit, because this part of the title which was ordeined by the Parliament for the forme to bee alwayes vsed in the kings stile, was left out. For greater errour is in lacke of forme, then in lacke of matter. And where the foundation is naught, there can nothing builded thereon be good. There is no law spirituall nor temporal (as they terme them) nor no good reason, but allow these rules for infallible principles. And if any man will say, that it was in the free choise, libertie, and pleasure of the king of this Realme and the Queene, whether they would expresse the said title in their stile, or not, as that subtile serpent Gardiner beyng Chancellor of the realme, and traiterously sēdyng out the writs of Parliament without the same stile, perceiuing he had ouershot himselfe in calling the Parliament, and hauing committed many horrible murthers, & most mischieuous acts, would haue excused it, as appeareth by a piece of the Statute made in the same Parliament, in the 8. chap. and 22. leafe, it may be iustly and truly answered, that they could not so do. For albeit euery person may by law renounce his own priuate right, yet may he not renounce his right in that which toucheth the common wealth or a third person.

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And this title and stile more touched the common

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