Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
Names and Places on this Page
Nicholas BaconNicholas HeathThomas Howard
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas Bacon

(1501 - 1579)

Lord Keeper (1558 - 1579); said to have acted as keeper of the privy seal at the beginning of Elizabeth's reign. (DNB)

Nicholas Bacon was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

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Nicholas Heath

(1501? - 1578)

Bishop of Worcester (1543 - 1551, 1553 - 1555). Archbishop of York (1555 - 1560). Lord Chancellor (1556 - 1559). Descended from the Heaths of Apsley, Tamworth. [DNB]

Heath was deprived as bishop of Worcester under Edward VI; he was reinstated by Mary. 1563, p. 1053; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with Bradford. Heath was gentle towards Bradford when they met. Heath told Bradford that they had not been sent to him but that they had come out of love and charity. Heath knew Bradford better than Day did. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

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A discussion about salvation and other things took place between Bradford and Heath and Day, which lasted three hours. 1563, pp. 1204-08.

Heath and Day left Bradford because the bishop of Durham was waiting at Master York's house. 1563, p. 1208.

Ridley was kind to Heath during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester [Heath] and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

Philpot's twelfth examination on 4 December 1555 was before Bonner, Worcester and Bangor. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot spoke with Worcester, Wright and Chadsey later the same day. 1570, pp. 1993-94, 1576, p. 1717, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York [Heath], Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, pp. 1824-26.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before Bonner and other bishops, including York. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

After Cromwell was apprehended, Bishops Heath and Skip forsook Cranmer and stood against him. 1570, p. 2040, 1576, p. 1759, 1583, pp. 1865-66.

Heath questioned Cranmer about his bill against the mass. 1570, p. 2047, 1576, pp. 1764-64, 1583, p. 1871.

Drakes, Tyms, Spurge, Cavell and Ambrose petitioned Heath over their long imprisonment. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

The receipt of a writ about Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole from Heath was delayed. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Robert Farrer was examined before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jernegam (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

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Nicholas Heath was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, p. 2101.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Howard

(1538 - 1572)

Fourth duke of Norfolk. Privy councillor (1562)(DNB)

Thomas Howard was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

2146 [2123]

Quene Mary. Disputation betweene the Papists and Protestants at Westminster.

to send the same booke touching that firste assertion to the other part, and they should receiue of them that writyng which Mayster Horne had there read that day, and vpon Monday it should be agreed what day they should exhibite theyr aunsweres touching the first propositiō. Thus both partes assented thereto, and the assembly was quietly dismissed.

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The order of the second dayes talke. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 688, line 6

The whole of the ensuing matter to the words "utterly refused that to do," is thus summed up in the Lambeth copy, which afterwards goes on to the end of that parapgraph, and concludes with the word "contempt":-
"And therfore upon Mondaye, the lyke assemblye began agayne at the place and hower appoynted, and ther upon what sinister or dysordered meaninge is not yet fullye knowen (though in some part it be understanded) the bishop of Winchester and his Collegees, and especially Lyncolne, refused to exhibite or reade, accordynge to the former notorious order on Friday, that which they had prepared for the second assertion. And therupon by the lord keper of the great seale they being first gently and favourable required to kepe th'order appointed, and that takinge no place, beinge secondly as it behoved pressed with more earnest requeste; they neyther regardyng the aucthoritye of that place, nor their owne reputacyon, nor the credite of the cause, utterly refused that to do."

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The Lord keeper of the great Seale, the Archbyshop of Yorke, the Duke of Northfolke, and all the Counsell being set, the Byshops on the one side, and the Protestantes, that is, the late banished Preachers on the other side, thus beganne the Lord Keeper.

MarginaliaThe second dayes talke.MY Lords and maisters, I am sure ye remember well, what order of talke and writing was appoynted to be had this day in this assembly, at our last meeting, whiche I will not refuse now to repeat agayne for the shortnes of it, which was that ye appoynted here on both sides should bring in english writing, what ye had to say in the second question, and in this place appoynted to reade the same. Therfore begin my Lordes.

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Winchester. I am determined for my part that there shall be now red, that which we haue to say for the first questiō.

L. Keper. Will ye not then proceede in the order appoynted you?

Winch. I am, as I sayd prouided for the first question or proposition: and we should suffer preiudice if ye permit vs not to intreat of that first, and so we would come to the second questiō, and this is the order we would vse. I iudge all my brethren are so minded.

Bishops. We are so determined.

L. Keper. I know not what you would do for your determined order: but ye ought to looke, what order is appointed you to keepe, which ye by this meanes doe breake and litle regard.

Winch. Sith our aduersaryes part, if it please your Grace and honours, haue so confirmed theyr affection and purpose, we suffer a preiudice or domage, if ye permit vs not the like. Hereat Doctour Watson bishop of Lincolne being at this talke very desirous to haue spoken, sayd nowe to the Bishop of Winchester. I pray you let me speake, which was permitted him, we are not vsed indifferently, sithen that you allowe vs not to open in present writyng what we haue to say for the declaration of the first question, in so much, as that whiche ye take for the infirmation of the same, was meant nothing to that purpose, for that which Mayster Cole  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 688, middle

See Bishop Jewel's Works, i. 52, 60, Edit. Parker Soc.

spake in this last assembly, was not prepared to strengthen our case, but he made his Oration of himselfe, and ex tempore, that is, with no forestudyed talke.

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At such the Bishops wordes, the Nobility and other of the audience muche frowned and grudged at, sith that they well knew that Maister Cole spake out of a writing which he held in his hand, and often read out of the same, & in that the same places which the Bishop informed him and appoynted him vnto with theyr fingers, all whyche thinges doe well declare the matter to bee premeditate, and not done ex tempore, for that Mayster Cole was appoynted by them to be theyr speaker. Whereupon this, the bishop of Lincolne was the worse takē, notwithstanding he went onward complayning & sayd: we are also euil ordered as touching the time, our aduersaries part hauing warning long before, & we were warned only two dayes before the last assembly in this place. What with this busines & other trouble, we haue bene driuen to haue bene occupyed the whole last night. For we may in no wise betray the case of God, nor will not doe, but susteine it to the vttermost of our powers, as we ought so to endeuour by all maner of meanes. But hereunto we want presētly indifferent vsing.

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L. Keper. Take ye heede that yee deceiue not your selues when it shall come to iust triall of the matter, and that thē it be not proued agaynst you, that ye complayne without cause when the order and your maner towardes it shalbe duely wayed. I am willing and ready to heare you after the order taken and appoynted for you to reason therein, and farther or contrary to that I cannot deale with you.

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Lich. Cou. Let vs suffer no misorder or iniury herein, but be heard with indifference, that is to say: conuenient and meet we should haue here.

L. Keper. I praye you Syrs heare me, and marke it you well. It was concluded on by my Lordes of the counsell, who you wel know of, that theyr writing, whiche ye are now so willing to haue heard, should haue bene read the first day, and then did we vnderstande that Mayster Cole

had sayd what you would haue him, and as much as you willed him to say, and vpon that indifferency emonges, I iudge ye were asked in the ende of Mayster Coles rehersall, whether that whiche he spake, was it ye woulde haue him say, and ye graunted it. Then whether ye would that he shuld say any more in þe matter. Ye answered no, wherupon the other part was hard, which you hearing then in deede without all good indifferencie or playne dealing, ye pretended that ye had more to saye. So marke you wyth how small equitie you vsed your selfe.

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The B. We had in deede more to say, if we might haue bene indifferently heard.

L. Keeper. Geue me leaue I saye, and looke what gaynes you should haue if your present request should be granted you: that call so muche of indifferent vsing, howe you shoulde vse those other men. For many who are here presently, were then away, so would you haue your writyng now red to them, whiche heard not this. Marke ye whether it had not bene more fit that ye had prouided it against the first day, when they orderly read theyrs, sith to my knowledge, and as farre as I haue hadde to doe in the matter, you were of both sides (I am sure) warned at one tyme. Howbeit to satisfy your importunacie and earnestnes of this crying out to haue your first writing heard, I might well allow, if it so pleased the rest of the Queenes most honorable Counsell, that you dispatching the worke on the second question, appoynted for this daye, and geue vs vp your writing for the first, so that when the daye commeth that each of you shall aunswer the other in confirmation of the first question, that then the same daye ye shall haue time to read this your first writing, whiche ye now would so fayne read. To this order all the Counsel willingly condescended.

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Lich Co. Nay my Lordes, they reading one, and we two bookes in one day, wee shoulde not haue time enough to read them both. It would occupy to much time.

L. Keeper. For my part I might well stay at the hearing of them both, and I iudge the rest of the Counsell, and lykewise the whole audience. At whiche saying there was a shoute crying on all sides: yea, yea, wee woulde heare it gladly.

Lincolne. We cannot read them both at one time: for theyr writing (I am sure) would require an houre and a halfe, if so be it be so long as theyr laste was, and then our aunswere woulde require no lesse time after the fyrste question.

L. Keeper. I haue shewed you we could be well contented to tary out the time when it commeth thereunto. Therefore ye neede not to be therein so curious, and wee graunting you thus muche, and yet ye will obey no orders, I cannot tell what I shall say vnto you.

Lincoln. We haue bene wonderfully troubled in the order of this disputation. For first it was appoynted vs by my Lord the Archbishop that we shoulde dispute, and that in Latine, and then had wee an other commaundement that we should prouide a Latine writing, and nowe at last we willed to bring forth our writinges in english.

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At these wordes the Lord keeper of the great seale, the Archbishop, with all the Counsell muche mused, and many murmured at such his wrong report of the order well taken. Whereupon with an admiration the Lorde keeper aunswered: I maruaile much of the vsing of your selfe in this poynt, sith I am assured the order was neuer otherwise taken then that you shoulde bring forth in Englishe writing what you had to say for your purpose.

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Hereupon the Byshops of Lichfield and Chichester, to excuse my Lord of Lincolne, sayd: we so vnderstood the order, my Lordes.

L. Keeper Howe likely is that, sith that it was so playnely told you? But to end these delayes, I pray you follow the order appoynted, and beginne to entreate of the seconde question.

Lich. Co. We were appoynted this day by your honours to bring in what we had to say in the first question.

At the which saying the audience much grudged, who heard the former talke, contrary to such his reporte.

L. Keeper. The order was taken, for that your writinges were not ready the last time that ye shoulde yeld the same to these men, meaning the Protestantes, as soone as ye might, and vpon the receipt of your writinges, you shuld haue theyrs, and this day ye should entreate of the second question, and of the thyrd, if that ye had leysure enoughe. This was the order my Lordes, except my memory much fayle me. The same all the Counsell affirmed.

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Lincoln. We were willed then to bring in this daye oure writing for the first question also.

Lorde Keeper. Ah syrs, if ye bee so harde to bee satisfied, and to encline to the trueth, let my Lordes

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