Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Nicholas Heath
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Nicholas Heath

(1501? - 1578)

Bishop of Worcester (1543 - 1551, 1553 - 1555). Archbishop of York (1555 - 1560). Lord Chancellor (1556 - 1559). Descended from the Heaths of Apsley, Tamworth. [DNB]

Heath was deprived as bishop of Worcester under Edward VI; he was reinstated by Mary. 1563, p. 1053; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with Bradford. Heath was gentle towards Bradford when they met. Heath told Bradford that they had not been sent to him but that they had come out of love and charity. Heath knew Bradford better than Day did. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

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A discussion about salvation and other things took place between Bradford and Heath and Day, which lasted three hours. 1563, pp. 1204-08.

Heath and Day left Bradford because the bishop of Durham was waiting at Master York's house. 1563, p. 1208.

Ridley was kind to Heath during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester [Heath] and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

Philpot's twelfth examination on 4 December 1555 was before Bonner, Worcester and Bangor. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot spoke with Worcester, Wright and Chadsey later the same day. 1570, pp. 1993-94, 1576, p. 1717, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York [Heath], Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, pp. 1824-26.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before Bonner and other bishops, including York. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

After Cromwell was apprehended, Bishops Heath and Skip forsook Cranmer and stood against him. 1570, p. 2040, 1576, p. 1759, 1583, pp. 1865-66.

Heath questioned Cranmer about his bill against the mass. 1570, p. 2047, 1576, pp. 1764-64, 1583, p. 1871.

Drakes, Tyms, Spurge, Cavell and Ambrose petitioned Heath over their long imprisonment. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

The receipt of a writ about Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole from Heath was delayed. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Robert Farrer was examined before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jernegam (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

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Nicholas Heath was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, p. 2101.

2150 [2127]

Queene Mary. The story of Iohn Frith omitted in this history.

you say well: if you might be indifferently heard. But I muche doubt thereof, for that our Mayster Christ was not indifferently hearde, nor shoulde bee as I thinke if he were nowe present agayne in the worlde specially in this your opinion, the same beeing so odious vnto the worlde, and wee so farre off from the true knowledge thereof.

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Well, well (quoth Fryth, then vnto the Gentleman) I know very wel, that this doctrine of the Sacrament of the Aultar which I holde and haue opened contrarye to the opinion of this Realme, is very hard meate to be digested bothof the Cleargye and Layety thereof. But this I will say to you, taking the gentleman by the hand, that if you liue but twenty yeares more, whatsoeuer become of me, you shall see this whole Realme of mine opinion concerning this Sacrament of the Aulter, namely, the whole estate of the same though some sort of men perticularly shall not be fully perswaded therein. And if it come not so to passe then account me the vaynest man that euer you heard speake with tongue: Besides this, you saye that my death woulde bee sorrowfull and vncomfortable vnto my frendes.

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I graunt (quoth he) that for a small tyme it would so be. But if I should so mollify, qualifye, and temper my cause in such sort as to deserue onely to be kept in prison, that would not onely be a much long griefe vnto me, but also to my friendes woulde breede no small disquietnesse both of body and minde. And therfore all thinges well and rightly pondered, my deathe in this cause shall bee better vnto me and all mine then life in continuall bondage and penuryes. And almightye GOD knoweth what he hath to doe with his poore seruaunt, whose cause I now defend and not mine owne: from the which I assuredly doe entend (GOD willing) neuer to start or otherwise to geue place, so long as God will geue me life.

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This communication or like in effecte, my Lorde of Caunterburyes Gentleman and Fryth had comming in a Whery vpon the Thames frō the Tower to Lambeth.

Now, when they were landed, after some repast by them taken at Lambeth, the Gentleman, the Porter, and Fryth, went forward towardes Croydon on foote. This Gentleman still lamenting with himselfe the harde and cruell destiny towardes the sayde Fryth, namely, if hee once came amongst the bishops: & nowe also perceiuing the exciding constancye of Fryth, deuised with himselfe some waye or meanes to conuey him cleane out of theyr handes, and thereupon considering that there was no mo persons there to conuey the Prisoner, but the Porter and himselfe, he tooke in hand to winne the Porter to his purpose. Quoth the Gentleman vnto Perlebeane the Porter (they twayne priuately walking by themseues wythout the hearing of Fryth) you haue heard this man I am sure, and noted hys talke since he came from the Tower. Yea that I haue righte well marked him (quoth the Porter) and I neuer hard so constant a man nor so eloquent a person. You haue heard nothing quoth the gentleman in respecte of his both knowledge and eloquence, if he might liberally either in Vniuersity or pulpit declare his learning you woulde then much more maruell at his knowledge. I take him to be suche a one of his age in all kind of learning and knowledge of tonges, as this Realme neuer yet in mine opinion brought forth, & yet those singuler giftes in him are no more considered of our Byshops then if he were a very Dolte or an Idiot, yea they abhorre him as a deuill therfore, & couet vtterly to extinguish him as a member of the Deuill, without any consideration of gods speciall gifts. Mary quoth the Porter if there were nothing els in him but the consideratiō of his personage both comly and amiable, & of naturall disposition, gentle, meek and humble: it were pity that he should be cast away. Cast away (quoth the Gentleman? He shall be sure cast away if we once bring him to Croydō, & surely (quoth the Gentleman) before God I speake it, if thou Perlebeane were of my mind we would neuer bring him thither. Say you so quoth the Porter, I knowe that you be of a great deale more credit then I am, in this matter, and therfore if you can deuise honestly or finde some reasonable excuse, wherby we may let him goe & prouide for himselfe, I will with all my hart condescend to your deuise. As for that quoth the gentleman it is already inuēted how & which waies he shall conuey himselfe without any great daunger or displeasure taken towardes vs, as the matter shalbe handled. You see quoth the gentlemā yonder hill before vs, named bristow cawsy,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 698, fn 1

Brixton Causeway. - ED.

2. miles frō Lōdon, there are great woodes on both sides, when we come there we will permit Frith to go into þe woodes on the left hand of þe way wherby he may cōuey himselfe into kent amōg his frends for he is a kentish man borne, & whē he is

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gone we will linger an houre or twayn about þe high way vntill that it somewhat draws towardes the night: Then in great hast we will approch vnto Streatham which is a myle and a halfe of, and an outcry in the Towne that our prisoner is broken from vs into the woodes on the right hand towardes Waynisworth,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 698, fn 2

"Waynesworth," Wandsworth. - ED.

so that we will drawe as manye as wee may out of the Towne to search the country that way for our prisoner, declaring that wee followed aboue a myle and more, and at length loste him in the woodes because wee hadde no more companye, and so wee wyll rather then fayle lye out one night in searching for him and sende worde from Stretham to my Lorde of Canterbury at Croyden in the euening of the prisoners escape and to what Coast hee is fledde. So that by the morning if hee haue any good lucke at all, hee will so prouide for himselfe, that the Byshoppes shall fayle of their purpose. I assure you quoth Perlebeane I like very well the deuise herein, and therefore goe ye to Frith, and declare what wee haue deuised for hys deliuery: for nowe we are almost at the place.

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When my Lorde of Caunterburyes gentleman came nyghe to the hill, he ioyned himselfe in companye wyth the sayd Frith, and calling him by hys name, sayd: Now Mayster Frithe, let vs twayne commune together an other whiles: you must consider that the iourney whiche I haue nowe taken in hande thus in bringing you to Croyden, as a sheepe to the slaughter, so it greeueth me, and as it were ouerwhelmeth me in cares and sorrowes, that I little passe what daunger I fall in, so that I could finde the meanes to deliuer you oute of the Lyons mouthe. And yet yonder good fellowe and I haue so deuised a meanes, whereby you maye bothe easily escape from this great and Imminent daunger at hande and wee also bee rydde from any vehement suspicion. And thereupon declared vnto Fryth the full processe discoursed before, how euery thing in order should be handled.

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When Frith had dilligently heard all the matter concerning hys deliuery, he sayd to the gentleman: Oh good Lorde wyth a smiling countenaunce, is this the effecte of youre secret consultation, thus longe betweene you twayne? Surely surely you haue loste a great deale more labour in tymes past, and so are you lyke to doe this, for if you should both leaue me here and goe to Croydon declaring to the Byshoppes that you had lost Fryth, I would surely follow as fast after as I might, and bring them newes that I hadde founde and brought Fryth agayne. Do you thinke, quoth he, that I am afrayde to declare my opinion vnto the Byshoppes of Englande in a manifest trueth.

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You are a fonde manne quoth the Gentleman, thus to talke: As thoughe youre reasoning with them might do some good. But I doe much maruell, that you were so willing to flye the Realme before you were taken, and nowe so vnwilling to saue youre selfe. Mary there was and is a great diuersitie of escaping betweene thone and thother, quoth Frith.

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Before I was in deede desirous to escape because I was not attached but at libertie, which liberty I woulde fayne haue enioyed for the maynteynance of my study beyond the See where I was a reader in the Greeke tong according to S. Paules Counsaile. Howbeit now being taken by the higher power, and as it were by almightye gods permission and prouidence deliuered into the hands of the Bishops only for religion & doctrines sake, namely such, as in conscience and vnder paine of damnation I am bound to maynteyne and defend, if I should now start aside and runne away: I should runne from my God and from the testimony of his holy worde, worthy then of an 1000. hels. And therfore I must hartily thanke you both, for your good willes towards me beseching you, to bring me where I was appointed to bee brought for els I will go thether all alone. And so with a chearfull & mery countinance he went on with them, spending the time with pleasant & godly communication vntil they came to Croyden, where for that night he was wel entertained in þe Porters lodge. On the morow he was called before certayn Bish. and other learned men sitting in commission wt my Lorde of Cant, to be examined, where he shewed himself passing ready & ripe in answering to all obiections as some then reported incredible and contrary to al mens expectatiōs, And his allegations both of S. Augustine & other ancient fathers of the Church was such, that some of them muche doubted of S. Augustines authoritie in that behalfe. Insomuch that it was reported of suche as were nigh and about the Archbishop of Caunterbury (who then was not fully resolued of the sincere truth of that article) that when they had finished their examination with Frith, the Archbyshoppe conferring wyth Doctour Heathe priuately

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