Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir John Brydges

1st Baron Chandos (1490? - 1556)

Lieutenant of the Tower (1553 - 1554) [DNB]

Brydges asked Lady Jane Grey to write some verses in a book when he attended her on the scaffold. Rerum, p. 238. [This story was never reprinted by Foxe in any edition of the A & M, although there is some evidence that it is accurate - see J. G. Nichols, (ed.), The Chronicle of Queen Jane and of two years of Queen Mary (London, 1850) Camden Society, original series 48, pp. 57-58.]

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Lady Jane Grey handed him her book at her execution (1563, p. 919; 1570, p. 1584; 1576, p 1352; 1583, p. 1422). In this passage Brydges is referred to as 'Bruges' in each edition.

At the Star Chamber trial of one Cut, who was tried for saying that at his execution Sir Thomas Wyatt had, at his execution, cleared Elizabeth and Edward Courtenay of complicity in his rebellion, Brydges swore that Wyatt had begged Courtenay to confess his guilt when they met - with Brydges present - on the day of Wyatt's execution (1570, p. 1588; 1576, p 1355; 1583, p. 1425).

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Sir John Brydges was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was one of the commissioners charged with carrying out John Hooper's execution. 1563, pp. 1058 and 1060; 1570, pp. 1681 and 1682; 1576, pp. 1435 and 1436; 1583, pp. 1508 and 1509.

Brydges ordered that Hooper be executed quickly and also ordered his son Edmund to see that Hooperwas only allowed to say a prayer at the stake. 1563, p. 1061; 1570, p. 1683; 1576, p. 1436; 1583, p. 1510.

Philpot's sixth examination was before the Lord Chamberlain to Queen Mary, Viscount Hereford, Lord Rich, Lord St John, Lord Windsor, Lord Shandoys, Sir John Bridges, Chadsey and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Lord Williams, Lord Chandos, Sir Thomas Bridges and Sir John Browne arrived in Oxford, prior to Cranmer's martyrdom. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

Sir John is probably the 'Bridges' whose cattle John Maundrel tended during Mary's reign. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Chandos interrogated a young boy who was believed to be carrying messages between Elizabeth and Edward Courtenay during their imprisonment in the Tower. He ordered the boy not to see Elizabeth. 1563, p. 1713.

William Hastlen was charged with heresy by Sir John Brydges and sent to Sir Leonard Beckwith to be examined. 1583, p. 2137.

Hastlen was sent to Sir John Brydges' house to write answers to the articles against him and then sent to the Marshalsea, under the watch of Master Waghan, the jailor. 1583, p. 2137.

[At times Foxe refers to him variously as 'Lord Shandois', 'Chandos' or 'Shandoys']

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Leonard Beckwith

JP for the North Riding of Yorkshire. Member of the Council of the North (Cal. Pat.

William Hastlen was charged with heresy by Sir John Brydges and sent to Sir Leonard Beckwith to be examined. 1583, p. 2137.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Hastlen

Gunner. Of Boulogne.

In 1547, William Hastlen was charged with heresy by Sir John Brydges and sent to Sir Leonard Beckwith to be examined. 1583, p. 2137.

William Hastlen was sent to Sir John Brydges' house to write answers to the articles against him and then sent to the Marshalsea, under the watch of Master Waghan, the jailor. 1583, p. 2137.

Hastlen was sent to England and heard much talk of Dr Smith's recantation upon his arrival. 1583, p. 2137.

Master Huntington assisted William Hastlen in avoiding execution in Boulogne. 1583, p. 2137.

2160 [2137]

The story and trouble of Tho. Hitton, Martyr.

sayde bookes. He aunswered, he would not declare. For (saieth he) such is your bloudy crueltie, that you woulde neuer sleepe quietly, till you had sucked their bloude as you meane to do myne. The Bishop seyng he could extort no more out of him, and perceiuyng his constant spirite and feruent zeale to the truth, commanded hym to prison till futher opportunitie might serue for the shedding of his bloud.

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The second appearance of Thomas Hitton before the said Archb. of Cant. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 713

Sir Thomas More has furnished some particulars about Hitton, which, as such notices are not over abundant, we may ... here introduce:-
"Thus rejoiced Tyndale in the death of Hytton, of whose burning he boasteth in his answer to my dialogue [in Tyndale's Practice of Prelates: Works, vol. i. p. 485, edit. 1831], where he writeth thereof, that where I said that I had never founden nor heard of any of them, but that he would forswear to save his life, I had heard he saith of Sir Thomas Hytton whom the Bishops of Rochester and Canterbury slew at Maydstone. Of this man they so highly rejoice, that they have as I said, sett his name in the Kalendar before a book of their English prayers, by the name of St. Thomas the Martyr, in the vigil of the blessed Apostle St. Mathew the xxiii day of February, and have put out for him the holy doctor and glorious martyr St. Polycarpus, the blessed Bp. and the disciple of St. John the Evangelist; for that was his day indeed, and so it is in some calendars marked. Now to the entent that ye may somewhat see what good Christen faith Sir Thomas Hytton was of, this new saint of Tyndale's canonysazion, in whose burning Tyndale so gaily glorieth, and which hath his holy day so now appointed to him, that St. Polycarpus must give him place in the Kalendar; I shall somewhat show you what wholesome heresies this holy martyr held.
"First ye shall understand that he was a Priest, and falling to Luther's sect, and after that to the sect of Friar Huskyn and Zuynglius, cast off matins and Mass, and all divine service, and so became an Apostle sent to and fro between our English heretics beyond the see, and such as were here at home.
"Now happed it so that after he had visited here his holy congregations in divers corners, and luskes [perhaps dirty or blind, unfrequented from lusciosus. See however Todd's Johnson and Richardson's Dict. The Host asking the Chanon's Yeman, in Chaucer, where he dwells, the latter says,- "In the suburbis of a toune (quod he) Lurking in harnis and in lanis blinde." - Prologe 678-9] lanes, and comforted them in the Lord to stand stiff with the devil in their errors and heresies, as he was going back again at Gravesend, God considering the great labour that he had taken already, and determining to bring his business to his well-deserved end, gave him suddenly such a favour and so great a grace in the visage, that every man that beheld him took him for a thief. For whereas there had been certain linen clothes pilfered away that were hanging on an hedge, and Sir Thomas Hytton was walking not far off suspiciously in the meditation of his heresies; the people doubting that the beggarly knave had stolen the clouts, fell in question with him and searched him; and so found they certain letters secreetly conveyed in his coat, written from evangelical brethren here, unto the evangelical heretics beyond the see. And upon those letters founden, he was wyth his letters brought before the most rev. Father in God the Archbp of Canterbury, and afterward as well by his Lordship as by the Reverend Father the Bp of Rochester examined, and after for his abominable heresies delivered to the secular hands and burned. In his examinacion he refused to be sworn to say truth, affirming that neither Bp nor Pope had authority to compell him to swear, which point although it be a false heresy, yet it is likely he refused the oath rather of frowardness than of any respect that he had either in keeping or breaking.
"His father and his mother he wold not be a knowen of what they were; they were some so good folk of likelihood, that he could not abide the glory. He wold not be a knowen that himself was Priest, but said that he had by the space of ix yeres been beyond the see, and there lived by the joiner's craft. Howbeit he said that he had always, as his leisure wold give him leave, and as he could find opportunity, in places where he came, taught the gospel of God after his own minde and his own opinion, not forcing of the determination of the church, and said that he intended to his power so to persevere still." Confutation of Tyndale's answere; prentyd at London by W. Rastell, 1532; Pref. Bb. iii.; or Sir. T. More's Works, London, 1557, p. 344.

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Within a while after, the bishop commanded the sayd Thomas to be brought before him agayne, who demanded of him how he iudged and beleued of the religion then in force, and of the authoritie of the bishop of Rome. The said Thomas answered, that the religion then vsed, was most abhominable idolatry, and contrary to the holy word of God. And as for the Pope (quoth he) he is Antichrist, the first borne of Sathan, and hath no more power or authoritie, then any other bishop hath in his owne diocesse, nor so much neither. The Bishop hearing this, was in such a peltyng chafe, that at that tyme he would talk no more with hym, but returned hym from whence he came, namelye, to Bocardo, with commaundement to appere before him agayne, vpon the 13. day of the same month folowyng, at his Manor of Knoll, to aunswer to such Articles and Interrogatories as should be obiected ex officio, against hym.

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The third appearance of Tho. Hitton before the said Archb. of Cant.

THe sayd Thomas Hitton at the day prefixed, made his personall appearance before the bishop at the place appointed, to whom the Bishop ministred certaine articles and interrogatories for him to aunswer vnto, commaundyng him to sweare to answer truly and vnfainedly vnto them, and euery part of them. The sayd Tho. Hitton refused to sweare, saying: MarginaliaTho. Hitton refuseth to sweare agaynst himselfe.It is against Gods lawes and good conscience for any man to sweare to shed hys owne bloud, for so he should be a murtherer of hymselfe, and become guiltie of his owne death. But yet notwithstādyng that he refused to sweare to aunswer, yet he answered truly and directly to euery perticular Article and Interrogatorie propounded vnto hym, but so as was smally to their contentation, yet no doubt to the great gloryof God, and comfort of the godly. This done, the Bishop brake of hys session for that tyme, and commaunded him to prison agayne, and to appeare before hym in the place aforesayde, vpon the Friday next followyng, to aunswer further as should be demaunded of hym, granting him liberty withall, to adde too, or subtract from his former aunswers, eyther els vtterly to deny and reuoke the same.

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The fourth appearance of Tho. Hitton before the said Archb. of Cant.

THe day and tyme approching, the sayd Thom. Hitton appeared agayne accordingly, and hauing heard hys former aunswers and confessions distinctly by the Notarie red vnto hym, hee reformed them in certaine pointes, to some he added, from other some he subtracted, but none he denied. Then the Bishop perceiuyng his vnmoueable constancie in the truth, setting learnyng and reason apart, beyng not able to conuince him by arguments and truth, not yet to improoue the spirite which spake in hym, fell to exhortyng of him to haue respect of his soules health, and not so wilfully (as he termed it) to cast away himselfe for euer, but to repent, and to abiure his errors, and in so doyng, he would be good vnto him, he sayd. When the bishop with all his perswasions could doe no good with hym to withdraw him from the truth of gods word, then the doctors and other the assistants attempted the lyke, all which notwithstanding, MarginaliaThe constācye of Tho. Hitton in his confession.the said Thomas Hitton would not desist nor shrinke one iote from the truth, but both affirmed and confirmed his former articles and confessions to the ende. Inferring withall, that they sinned against the holy Ghost, in as much as they knew that Gods worde was the truth, and that the Masse and all popish religion, is nothing els but Idolatry, lies, and open blasphemy against the maiestie of God and his word, and contrary to Gods word in euery respect, and yet they would allowe and maintaine the same, contrary to their owne consciences, whereat all the Bench was greatly offended, & commaunded him to prison agayne, assignyng him a day to come before them agayne.

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The fift appearance of Tho. Hitton before the said Archb. of Cant.

MarginaliaAn other appearance of Thomas Hitton before the Archbishop.AT the day appointed, the said Tho. Hitton appeared, to whom the bishop sayd, Thomas, doest thou beleeue that any man either spirituall or temporall, is of sufficient authoritie to set forth any lawe or sanction of himselfe, that breach whereof is Mortall or Veniall sinne. To whome Tho. Hitton answered: that no man either spirituall or temporall might make any lawe or sanction, the breache whereof, is mortall or veniall sinne, except the same lawe or sanction bee drawen out of the worde of God, or els grounded vppon the same with a good conscience. And therfore, neither the church cannot set forth any lawe, the breach whereof is Mortall or Veniall sinne, vnlesse it bee grounded vpon the word of God also. But if any man, or the church of God it selfe, do set forth any lawe grounded vpon the word of God & good conscience, the breach thereof to the violater, is mortal and deadly sinne. After all maner of wayes and meanes attempted to drawe this poore man from Christ and his truth, the bishop seeyng that hee could not preuayle, determined to send hym to the bishop of Rochester, and so did, who assayed by all meanes possible to remooue him from his former professed truth. But seyng all his endeuors frustrate, and that he profited nothyng, he signified the same to the Archbishop, and withal both went himselfe vnto hym, and caried the poore prisoner with him thether also.

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In the afternoone of the same day, the said Archbish. of Cant. the bish. of Rochester, and diuers others assistantes called the sayd poore man before them agayne, and caused all the former Articles, Interrogatories and demaundes, to be red vnto hym in English, to the end he should either haue reuoked the same, or els recanted them altogether, vsing both threates and faire promises to the performaunce thereof, but all in vayne: for his fayth was built vpon the rocke Christ Iesus, and therefore vnable to be remooued with any stormes of persecution, whatsoeuer.

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MarginaliaThe sentence of condemnation against Thomas Hitton.In fine, the Archbishop (with mature iudgement you must beleeue) consulting with the B. of Rochester and other, proceeded to his condemnation, reading the bloudy sentence of death agaynst him, and so was he beyng condemned, deliuered to the secular power, who caried hym to the prison, and soone afer hee was burned for the testimonie of Iesus Christ, as you may see more at large, pag. 997. 998. for whose constancie in the truth, the euerlasting God be praysed. Amen.

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¶ A note of a certayne good man troubled in Bulloyne the first yeare of king Edward the sixt for the Gospell.

THe examination of me William Hastlen Gunner in the Castle of high Bulloyne, in the yeare of our Lord 1547. and the first yeare of the reigne of king Edward the sixt. As I was in the church at Bulloyne called the stals, vpon the 10. of Aprill being Easter Tuesday, reading of a godly booke called the lamentation of a Christian,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 715, middle

The "Lamentation against the cytye of London, for certayne great vyces used therein," was printed at Nuremberg in 1545. (See Herbert's Typogr. Ant. p. 1558, and Haweis' Sketches of the Reformation, p. 272.) It bore the name of Roderick Mors, and was proscribed.

against the citizens of London betweene the houres of three and foure at after noone, there came certaine men to me as I stood at an alter in the Churche reading to my selfe, and asked me what good booke I had, and I sayd they should heare if they pleased, thē they desired me to read out þt they might heare, and so did I very gladly, but I had not read long but the Priestes and Clearkes were at theyr Latine Euensong, and I reading mine English book there came a tipstaffe for me, taking my two bookes from me and commaunded me to go with him, for he sayde I must goe before the counsayle of the towne, then went I forthwith with him, and a little without the Church doore, sir Iohn a Briges met vs, and bad the tipstaffe cary me to sir Leanard Beckwith Knight to be examined, and comming before his presence, hee asked me what bookes they were that I had at the church and was reading of one of them, openly in the Church to the people, and I sayd so farre as I hadde read them they were good godlye bookes, and he said they were heresie, and with that he asked me how I did beleeue of the Sacrament of the aultar, whether I did not beleue þt to be the verybody of Christ, flesh, bloud, and bones, and I asked him whether hee ment that, that was in the pixe or no, and he sayde yea? euen that in the pixe, and I said that since I had sure knowledge of scriptures I did not beleeue it to bee the body of Christ, but a bare peece of bread, nor by Gods helpe I will neuer beleue it otherwise to be, then he sayd I was an hereticke, & asked me what I made of the sacrament, and I sayd, if it were duely ministred according to Christes institution,

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