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Abthorpe [Abbethorpe]

Northamptonshire

OS grid ref: SP 645 465

 
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Adderbury

Oxfordshire

OS grid ref: SP 475 355

 
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Alderbury [Alwardbury]

Wiltshire

OS grid ref: SU 185 265

 
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Aylesbury

Buckinghamshire

OS grid ref: SP 815 135

 
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Berrow [Berwes]

Somerset

OS grid ref: ST 295 525

 
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Brent Knoll [Sowthbrent]

Somerset

OS grid ref: ST 335 505

 
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Buckingham

OS grid ref: SP 695 335

Historic county town of Buckinghamshire

 
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Calne [Calue]

Wiltshire

OS grid ref: ST 995 715

 
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Corringham [Soringhame; Lorringham]

Lincolnshire

OS grid ref: SK 875 915

 
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Farley [Farle]

Wiltshire

OS grid ref: SU 225 295

 
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Figheldean [Figheldon]

Salisbury, Wiltshire

OS grid ref: SU 155 475

 
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Hewish

Somerset

OS grid ref: ST 425 085

 
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Kettlethorpe [Ketelthorpe]

Lincolnshire

OS grid ref: SK 845 755

 
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Kings Sutton

Northamptonshire

OS grid ref: SP 505 365

 
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Lyminge [Lymin]

Kent

OS grid ref: TR 165 415

 
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Martock [Mertock]

Somerset

OS grid ref: ST 465 195

 
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Milverton [Mylmerton]

Somerset

OS grid ref: ST 125 255

 
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Nackington [Hakington]

Canterbury, Kent

OS grid ref: TR 155 545

 
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Nassington

Northamptonshire

OS grid ref: TL 065 965

 
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Pitton [Putton]

Dorset

OS grid ref: SY 655 805

 
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Sandwich
NGR: TR 335 584

A Cinque Port, borough and market town having separate jurisdiction, locally in the hundred ofEastry, lathe of St Augustine, county of Kent. 39 miles east from Maidstone. The town comprise the parishes of St Clement, St Mary the Virgin and St Peter the Apostle, all in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Canterbury. The living of St Clement is a vicarage; the living of St Mary is a discharged vicarage; and the living of St Peter is a discharged rectory.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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South Cave [South Cane]

East Riding of Yorkshire

OS grid ref: SE 925 315

 
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Stow

Lincolnshire

OS grid ref: SK 883 820

 
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Teynham [Tenham]

Kent

OS grid ref: TQ 955 625

 
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Thame

Oxfordshire

OS grid ref: SP 705 055

 
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Upper Woodford (SU 125 375 or Middle Woodford (SU 115 365) or Lower Woodford (SU 125 355)

Wiltshire

 
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Westminster

London

OS grid ref: TQ 301 794

 
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Wilsford [Wyuelefforde]

Wiltshire

OS grid ref: SU 135 395

454 [430]

K. Richard. 2. The viewe of Ecclesiasticall benefices. Wickliffes articles.

of Hewish Berwes, and Sowthbrent which are worth by yeare their with their procuration of visitations of the sayd Archdeaconry. C threescore pound.

Item. The L Cardinall is treasorer of the church of wels, and hath the moyty of the church of mertock annexed thereunto worth by yeare lx. li.

Item. the Lord Cardinall of Agrifolio is archdeacon of Tawnton in the church of Wels, and is worth by yeare wt the procurations and the Prebend of Mylmerton to the same annexed Lxxx. li.

Like matter is also found in the time of king Richard the 2 vpon what occasion it is vncertayne: But as it seemeth by Recorde of that time, A new Pope being come in place he would take no knowledge of anye matter done by his predecessors that might anye way abridge his commoditie. And therefore this king was forced to beginne a new as may appeare by this following. MarginaliaAn. 2. Rich. 2.

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MarginaliaThe Archdeaconry of Stowe.L. Cardinall of Agrifol. is prebendary of the Prebend of Soringhame together with a portion of S. Marye of Stowe to the same annexed, the fruits whereof by commō estimat be worth by yeare Clxv. li. Maist. Iohn Vicar of Loringhame and mayster Robert person of Ketelthorpe and W. Thurly be Fermoures.

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L Cardinall Albanum is Prebendary of the Prebend of Sutton þe fruites whereof be commonly esteemed worth by yeare CCCC. markes. Roger Skyret of Buckinhame and William Bedeford of Sutton do farme the same Prebend. The L. Cardinal Glandacen is Prebendary of þe prebend of Nassington worth by estimacion CCC. markes. Robert of Nassington and Iohn sonne of Robert of Abbethorpe do occupy the same Prebend. MarginaliaThe Archdeaconry of Northampt.

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L. Cardinall Nonmacē is parson of Adderbury worth by estimacion C. li. Adam Robelyn clerke is his proctor and occupyeth the same.

MarginaliaIn the Archdeaconry of Oxen. L Cardinall of S. [illegible text] Prebendary of Thame worth yearely by common estimacion CC. marks. Iohn Heyward and Thomas [illegible text] a lay man doe occupye the same Prebend.

MarginaliaIn the Archdeaconry of Brick. L. Peter de Yeuerino Cardinall is Prebendary of Aylesbury worth yearely by common estimacion lxxx. marks. Holy Duse of Alesbury doth occupy the same Prebend.

MarginaliaIn the diocesse Norwich. The Cardinall of S. Angeli hath the Archdeaconry of Suff. and is worth by yeare by common estimation a hūdreth markes.

L. Cardinall Neminacem Treasorer of the Church of Sar. hath the Archdeaconry of Sar. the Church of Figheldon to his dignity annexed which is let to farme to Grace late wife of Edmunde Sawyne deceased paying yearely l. markes, he hath also in the same Archdeaconry and coūtye the sayde Churche of Alwardburye with the Chapels of Putton and Farle to the same annexed which is let to ferme to the L Pryor of the house of Ederose for þe yerly rent of xxiij.li. he hath also the Prebend of Calne in the said Archdeaconry and County worth by yeare. C.ll. and fermour therof is Raymunde, Pelegrini. MarginaliaIn the diocesse of Sar.

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L. Cardinall of Agrifolio. hath the Archdeaconrye of Berck, worth by yeare 120. markes and remayneth in hys owne handes. Item he hath the Prebende of worth, worth by yeare a hundreth pound Raymund Peregrine is fermour there.

L. Cardinall Gebanen hath the Prebendes of Wodford and Willeford Countye of Wiltshyre lett to ferme to Iohn Bennet of Sar. worthy by yeare xl. markes.

Lord Andomar de Rupy is Archdeaconry of Caunterbury to the which Archdeacon belong the Church of Lymin within the same Dioces worth by yeare after the Taxation of the tenth. xx. li.. The Church of Tenham worth by yeare after the sayd taxation Cxxx. li. vi. s. viii. d. he Churche of Hakinigton neere Caunterbury worth by yeare xx. markes. MarginaliaIn the diocesse of Canterbury. The Churche of S Clement iin Sandwitche worth by yeare after the taxation aforesayd viij. markes. The church of Saint Mary in Sandwich worth by yeare viiij. pound of the whiche sayd Archdeacon receaueth onely vi. markes. The profites of all which premisses S. William Latimer knight hath receaued together with the profites arising out of the Iurisdiction of the Archdeaconry worth by yeare. xx. li.

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MarginaliaIn the diocesse of Yorke. Anglicus of the Church of Rome priest and Cardinall hath the deanry of the Cathedrall Churche of Yorke worth by yeare CCClxxiij. li. vi. s. viii. d. And the Prebende of Southcane, valued yearely at C.lx. markes.

MarginaliaIn the diocesse of Durham. L. Cardinall Gebanen doth hold the churche of Wermouth, and Archdeaconry of Durhame worth by yeare CC. marks. And Iohn of Chambre and Thomas of Harington of Newcastell bee the fermors and proctours of the sayd Cardinall.

Ex Bundello Breuium Regis de An. 2 Rich. 2. parte. I.

King Richard the second.

MarginaliaK Richard. 2. AFfter 

Commentary  *  Close
Papal condemnation of Wiclif

Almost all of Foxe's account of Wiclif during the turbulent years of 1377-8 is taken from the version of Thomas Walsingham's chronicle contained in College of Arms MS 7. This MS was printed as the Historia Anglicana and reliably edited by H. T. Riley for the Rolls Society No. 28. 2 vols. (London, 1863-4). Although Foxe had this MS in his possession since the early 1550s - it was a work he drew on extensively for the Commentarii - he seems to have re-consulted it before composing this section of the 1570 edition, as new material from Arundel 7 is added to it. Gregory XI's letter to Richard II, the interventions of Sir Lewis Clifford and the London mob on Wiclif's behalf, Wiclif's protestation of his innocence, his conclusions and his commentary on the articles attributed to him, the deaths of Gregory XI and Archbishop Sudbury, and William Berton's persecution all appear in the Commentarii (fos. 10v-12r and 15r-27r) and are reprinted faithfully in Rerum (pp. 5 and 7-13) and in all editions of the Acts and Monuments. (Gregory XI's bull, Wiclif's commentary and the account of Berton's persecution are taken from the Fasciculi Zizaniorum but all the other material came from Arundel MS 7). A sharp denunciation of the iniquity of executing people deemed to be heretics was printed in the Commentarii (fos. 12r-15r), reprinted in the Rerum (pp. 6-7) and the 1563 edition, but was dropped thereafter. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the articles from Wiclif's sermons, background to Gregory XI's bull and an expanded version of Wiclif's conclusions, all taken from Arundel MS 7. He also added a summary of the papal schism which broke out after Gregory XI's death, which is taken from Bale's Catalogus. There were no further changes to this material in subsequent editions.

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Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

king Edward the third succeeded hys sonnes sonne Richard the second beying yet but yong, of the age of eleuen yeares: who in the same yeare of his fathers 
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Actually his grandfather's steps - Richard II was Edward III's grandson.

decease wt great pompe and solemnitie was crowned at Westminster, an 1377. who following his fathers steppes, was nogreat disfauorer of the way & doctrine of Wickliffe: albeit at the first beginning, partly through the iniquitie of tyme, partly through the popes letters, he could not doe that he would. Nothwithstāding something he did in that behalf, more perhaps then in the end he had thanke for of the Papistes, as more (by the grace of Christ) shall appeare. But as times do chaunge, so changeth commonly the cause and state of man. The bishop nowe seeing the aged king to be taken away, during þe time of whose olde age all þe gouernment of the realme depended vpon the Duke of Lancaster. And now the sayd Byshops agayne seeing the said Duke, with the Lord Percy, the Lord marshall to geue ouer their offices, and to remayne in their priuate houses without intermedling, thought now the time to serue them, MarginaliaThe bishops take vātage of tyme.to haue some vauntange against Iohn Wickliffe, who hetherto vnder the protectiō of the foresayd Duke, and Lord Marshall had some rest and quiet. Concerning the story of whiche Wickliffe, I trust (gentle reader) it is not out of thy memory what went before pag. 427. how he being brought before the Byshops, by the meanes of the Duke and Lord Henry Percy, the councell was interrupted, and brake before ix. of the clocke. By reason whereof, Wickliffe at that tyme escaped without anye further trouble. Who not withstanding being by the bishops forbid to deale in that doctrine any more, continued yet with his fellowes going barefoot, and in long frise gownes preaching dilligentlye vnto the people. Out of whose sermons these articles most chiefelye at that time were collected.

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MarginaliaThe first article collected out of Wickliffes sermons. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe took these articles from Arundel MS 7 (see Historia Anglicana,ed. H. T. Riley, Rolls Society 28, 2 vols. [London, 1863-4], I, pp. 324-5). Foxe abridges these articles somewhat, but he is faithful to their general meaning.

That the holy Eucharist after consecration, is not the very body of Christ, but figurally.

That the church of Rome, is not the head of all churches more then any other churche is: Nor that Peter hath anye more power geuen of Christ, then anye other Apostle hath.

Item, that the Pope of Rome hath no more in the keyes of the Church, then hath any other within the order of Priesthoode.

Item, if God be: the Lordes temporall may lawfullye and meretoriously take away theyr temporalties from the churchmen offending, habitualiter.

Item, if any temporall Lord doe know the Churche so offending, he is bound vnder payne of damnation, to take the temporalties from the same.

Item, that the Gospell is a rule sufficient of it selfe to rule the life of euery chistian mau here, without any other rule.

Item, þt all other rules vnder whose obseruances, diuers religious persōs be gouerned, do ad no more perfection to the gospell, then doth the white colour to the wall.

Item, that neyther the Pope nor any other Prelate of the church, ought to haue prisons wherin to punish transgressours.

MarginaliaThe articles of Iohn Wickliffe sent to the Pope. Pope Gregory the xj. Beside these articles, diuers other conclusions afterward were gathered out of hys writings and preachings by the byshops of England, which they sent diligently to Pope Gregory at Rome: Where the sayde articles being red and perused, were condemned for hereticall and erroneous by 23. Cardinals.

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MarginaliaWickliffe called before the Archbishop of Cant. In the meane time the Archb. of Cant. sending foorth hys citations, as is aforesayd: called before hym the sayde Iohn Wickliffe in the presence of the Duke of Lancaster, and Lord Percy, who vpon the declaration of the Popes letters made, bound him to silence, forbidding him not to entreat any more of those matters. But then through the disturbaunce of the Bishop of London and the Duke, and lord Percy that matter was soone dispatched, as hath bene aboue recorded, pag. 427. And all thys was done, in the daies & last yere of king Edward the 3. and pope Gregory the eleuenth.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1378. The next yeare folowing, which was the yeare of our Lord 1378. 

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Foxe is taking this date straight from Arundel 7 (see Historia Anglicana, ed. H. T. Riley, Rolls Society 28, 2 vols. [London, 1863-4], I, p. 345). Actually the bulls were received in Oxford a few days before Christmas 1377. As Foxe observes, after printing the bull, Gregory XI issued five bulls condemning the opinions of Wiclif; three of which were sent jointly to the archbishop of Canterbury and the bishop of London, a further one being sent to Richard II and the last one being sent to the chancellor of the University of Oxford. Foxe is reprinting the copy of the Oxford bull, contained in the Fasciculi Zianiorum.

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being the first yere of king Richard the second. The sayd Pope Gregory taking hys time, after the death of king Edward, sendeth his bull by the hands & manes (peraduenture) of one master Edmund Stafford, MarginaliaEdmunde Stafforde bringer of the Popes Bull.directed vnto the vniuersity of Oxford, rebuking thē sharply, imperiously and like a Pope, for suffring so long the doctrine of Iohn Wickliffe to take roote, and not pluckyng it vppe wyth the crooked cicle of their Catholike doctrine. Whych

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