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Bristol
Bristoll, Brystoll, Bristow, Bristowe
NGR: ST 590 730

A city and county of itself, between the counties of Gloucester and Somerset. 34 miles south-west by south from Gloucester, 12 miles north-west from Bath. Bristol is the seat of a diocese, established in 1542. The city comprises the parishes of All Saints, St. Augustine, Christ Church, St. Owen, St. John Baptist, St. Leonard, St. Mary le Port, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Michael, St. Nicholas, St. Peter, St. Werburgh, St. Stephen and St. Thomas. Also the Temple parish, and parts of St. James, St. Paul, St. Philip and St. Jacob. All are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the bishop. Christ Church, St. John Baptist, St. Mary le Port, St. Michael, St. Peter, St. Stephen and St. Werburgh are discharged rectories. St. Leonard, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Nicholas, The Temple, St. Philip and St. Jacob are discharged vicarages. St. James and St. Thomas are perpetual curacies, the latter annexed to the vicarage of Bedminster, Archdeaconry of Bath, Diocese of Bath and Wells.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Chester
NGR: SJ 404 665

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Broxton in the County Palatine of Chester, of which it is the capital. 17 miles south from Liverpool. The city comprises the parishes of St Bridget, St John Baptist, Little St John, St Martin, St Peter, St Michael and St Olave; all in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Chester, of which it is the seat.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Conwy [Conewey] Castle

Conwy, Gwynedd, Wales

OS grid ref: SH 782 774

 
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Coventry
Couentry
NGR: SP 340 790

An ancient city and a county of itself, locally in the county of Warwick. 10 miles north-east from Warwick, 18 miles south-east from Birmingham. The city comprises the parishes of St. Michael, Holy Trinity and St. John Baptist, all in the Archdeaconry of Coventry, diocese of Coventry and Lichfield. St. Michael and Holy Trinity are vicarages. St. John is a rectory not in charge, annexed to the headmastership of the free school

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Flint Castle

Flintshire, Wales

OS grid ref: SJ 247 733

 
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Milford Haven [Milforde hauen]

Pembrokeshire, Wales

OS grid ref: SM 905 055

 
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Pontefract (Pomfret) [Poiz]

West Yorkshire

OS grid ref: SE 455 215

 
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Ravenspur

East Riding of Yorkshire [at the mouth of the Humber, now submurged]

 
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St Albans
S. Albones, Saint Albons
NGR: TL 155 075

Borough, having separate jurisdiction, locally in the Hundred of Cashio, Hertfordshire. 12.5 miles west-by-south from Hertford; 20 miles north-west-by-north from London. The town comprises the parish of St Alban, or the Abbey parish, and part of the parish of St Michael and St Peter, in the archdeaconry of St Albans, diocese of London

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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St Albans (Verulamium) [S. Albanes; S. Albons]

Hertfordshire

OS grid ref: TL 155 075

 
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Venice

Veneto, Italy

Coordinates: 45° 26' 0" N, 12° 19' 0" E

Historic city-state and republic

538 [514]

K. Ric. 2. The deposing and death of k. Ric. 2. Will. Sautre examined.

kinges commaundement, by secret meanes was put to death, MarginaliaThe king aresting his owne Vncle, caused him to be put wrongfully to death. being strangled vnder a fetherbed, the Earle Marshall being then the keeper of Calis. Wherby great indignation rose in many mens hartes agaynst the king.

With the same Duke of Gloucester, also about þe same time, was arested and imprisoned, the Erle of Warwicke, and the Earle of Arundel: who being condemned by parliament, were then executed, whereby great grudge and great indignation rose in the heartes of many agaynst the king. an. 1397.

Fourthly to omit here the blanke chartes sent ouer all the land by the king: and how the king was sayd to let out his realme to ferme: Ouer and beside all these aboue premised, fell an other matter, whiche was the principall occasion of this mischiefe: The banishment I meane of Hēry Erle of Darby, and made Duke of Herford a little before, being sonne of Iohn of Gaunt the Duke of Lācaster (who dyed shortly after the banishment of hys sonne, and lieth buryed in the Church of S. Paule in London) and the Duke of Northfolke: who was before Erle of Notingham, and after by this king, made Duke of Northfolke the yeare before. At which time the king made 5. Dukes, a Marques and foure Earles, to wit: Duke of Herforde, whiche was before Earle of Darby: Duke of Awmerle, which was before Earle of Rutland: Duke of Southrey, who was before Earle of Kent: Duke of Exester, whiche was before Erle of Huntington, and this Duke of North folke, being before Earle of Notinghame, MarginaliaErle of Notingham made duke of Northfolke. as is aforesayd &c. The occasion of banishing these foresayd Dukes was this.

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About this present time, the Duke of Herforde did appeach the Duke of Northfolke vppon certayne wordes to be spoken against þe king. Wherupon, casting theyr gloues one agaynst the other, they appoynted to fight out þe quarrell, a day being for the same appoynted at Couentry. MarginaliaThe duke of Northfolke, and duke of Hereford banished.But the king tooke vp the matter in hys owne handes, banishing the Duke of Northfolke for euer, whiche after dyed at Venice: and þe other duke which was the Duke of Herford, for 10. yeares. MarginaliaTho. Arundell banished as a traytor, by parliament.Beside these, also was exiled in France Thomas Arunder, archbishop of Caunterbury, by Acte of Parliament, in the same yere, for poynts of treason, as ye haue heard before expressed, page. 512. All which turned to þe great inconueniēce of this king, as in the euent following may appeare.

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These causes and preparatiues thus premised, it followed the yeare after, which was an. 1399. MarginaliaAnn. 1399. and last yeare of this king, that the king vpon certaine affayres to be done, tooke hys viage into Ireland. In which meane time: Hēry of Bollingbroke, Earle of Darby, and Duke of Herford and with him the foresayd archbishop Thomas Arundel, (which before were both exiled) returning out of Fraunce to Calice, came into England challenging the Dukedome of Lancaster, after the death of hys father. With them also came the sonne and heyre of the Earle of Arundell, beyng yet but yong. These together setting out of Calice, arriued at Rauenspur in the North. At the knowledge whereof, much people gathered vnto them.

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In this meane time, as the Duke was houering on þe sea to enter the land: L. Edmund Duke of York the kings Vncle to whome the king committed the custory of thys realme (hauing intelligence thereof) called to him the Byshop of Chichester named Edmund Stafford Chauncellor of the Realme, and W. Scroupe Earle of Wiltshyre Lorde Treasurer, also I. Busshey W. Bagot, Henry Grene, and Iohn Ruschell, with diuers other, consulting with them what was best in that case to be done. Who then gaue their aduise (whether wilful or vnskilfull, it is not knowne, but very vnfruitfull) that he shold leaue london, and go to S. Albons, there to wayt for more strength able to encounter with the Duke. But as the people out of diuers quarters resorted thether, many of them protested that they woulde do nothing to the harme and preiudice of the Duke of Lācaster, who they sayd was vniustly expulsed. The rest then of the counsayle, I. Busshey. W. Bagot, Henry Grene, W. Scroupe Treasurer, hearing and vnderstanding how the commons were minded to ioyne with the Duke of Hereford, left the Duke of York, and the lord Chauncellor, and fled to the Castell of Bristow. Where is to be vnderstand that these foure were they to whome the common fame ran that the king had let out hys realme to farme: and were so hated of the people, that it is to be thought, that for the hatred of them more then for the king, this commotion was among the people. MarginaliaWhat euil company doth about a kyng.

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MarginaliaK. Richard returneth from Irelande to Milford hauen.As this broyle was in England, the noyse therof sounding to the kinges eares, being then in Ireland, for hastye speed of returning into England, left in Ireland both his busines, and most of hys ordinance also behinde hym. Andso passing the seas, landed at Milforde hauen, not daryng as it seemed to come to London.

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On the contrary side, vnto henry Duke of Herforde, being landed as is sayde, in the North, came the Earle of Northumberland: Lord Henry Percy, and Henry his son the Earle of Westmerland, Lord Radulph Neuile, and other Lordes moe to a great number, so that the multitude rose to 60000. able souldiours. Who first making towarde the Castle of Bristow, tooke the foresayd Busshey, Grene Scroupe, and Bagot: of whom three incontinent were beheaded, Bagot escaped away and fled away to Ireland.

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The king in this meane while, lying about Wales, destitute and desolate without comfort or counsayle, who neither durst come to London, neyther would any man come to him, MarginaliaK. Richard forsaken of his subiects. and perceauing moreouer, the commons that were vp in such a great power agaynst hym, would rather dye, then geue ouer that they had begunne, for feare of themselues: MarginaliaWhat it is for a prince to be beloued of his subiectes. Seing therfore no other remedy, called to him L. T. Percye Earle of Worcester, and stewarde of hys household, willing him with other of hys family, to prouide for themselues in tyme. Who then openly in the hall brake his white rod before them all, commaunding euerye man to shift for himselfe. Although Fabian and some other say, that he did this of hys owne accord, contrary to his allegeance. The king compassed on euery side with miseryes, shifted from place to place, the Duke still following him, tyll at length being at the Castle of Conewey, the king desired to talk with Tho. Arundell archb. and the Earle of Northūberland: MarginaliaK. Richard agreed to resigne his crowne.To whom he declared, that he would resigne vp hys crowne, in condition that an honourable liuing might be for hym prouided, and life promised to 8. persons, such as he would name. Which being graunted and ratified, but not performed, he came to the Castle of Flint, where (after talke had with þe Duke of Lācaster) he was brought the same night by the Duke and his armye to Chester: And from thence was conueyed secretly into the Tower, there to be kept till the next parliament. MarginaliaThe kyng committed to the Tower. By the way as he came neare to London, diuers euil desposed men of the city being warned thereof, gathered themselues, thinking to haue slayne hym, for the great cruelty he had vsed before toward the Citty. But by the pollicies of the Mayor and rulers of the Cittie, the madnes of the people was stayd. Not long after followed the Duke, and also began þe parliament. In which Parliament, the Earle of Northumberland with many other Earles and Lords were sent to the king in the Tower, to take of him a full resignation according to hys former promise, and so they did. This done diuers accusations and articles were layd and engrossed agaynst the sayd King, to the number of 33. some say 38. which for the matter not greatly materiall in them contayned, I ouerpasse. And þe next yeare after was had to Pomfert Castle, and there famished to death.

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King Henry the fourth.

ANd thus King Richard by common assent being deposed from his rightfull crowne: The Duke of Lancaster was led by Thomas Arundell the Archbishop, to the seat royall: who there standing vp, and crossed himselfe on the forehead and the brest, spake in wordes as followeth.

MarginaliaThe wordes of Henry Duke, clayming the crowne.¶ In the name of God, Amen. I Henry of Lancaster, clayme the Realme of England and the crowne, with all the appurtenaunces as I that am descended by right lyne of the bloud comming from that good Lord King Henry the 3. And thorough the right that God of his grace hath sent to me with the helpe of my kinne and of my frendes to recouer the same, which was in poynt to be vndone for default of good gouernance and due iustice. &c.

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MarginaliaK. Henry 4. inthroned and crowned.¶ After which wordes, the Archbishop asking the assent of the people, being ioyfull of theyr new king: took the Duke by the hād, & placed him in the kingly trhone, which was an. 1399, and shortly after by the foresayd Archbishop he was crowned also for king of England. Ex Chron. De Alban.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1400.The next yeare after, followed a Parliament holden at Westminster, in which Harliament, MarginaliaW. Sautre Martyr. one Will. Sautre 

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William Sawtrey 

In the Commentarii, Foxe printed a note on William Sawtre, the first Lollard martyr; the note had been written by John Bale in the margin of the Fasciculi Zizaniorum (cf. Commentarii, fo. 115v with Bodley Library MS e Musaeo 86, fo. 62r-v). Foxe's account of Sawtre in the Commentarii also included seven articles for which Sawtre was condemned; this was also taken from the Fasciculi Zizaniorum ((Bodley MS e Musaeo 86, fos. 96v-97r). This account was reprinted exactly in the Rerum (p. 79). In the 1563 edition, Foxe reprinted this material but added a royal decree against Sawtre, which was probably taken from London diocesan records. In the 1570 edition the 1563 account was reprinted, but the earlier process against Sawtre and his recantation as well as Sawtre's examinations by Archbishop Arundel and the sentence against Sawtre were all added. Foxe took all of these documents from Archbishop Arundel's register (Lambeth Palace Library Arundel Register, vol. II, fos. 178r-181r). This account was reprinted without change in subsequent editions.

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Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

, a good man and a faythfull priest, inflamed with zeale of true Religion, required he might be heard for the commoditie of the whole realme. But the matter being smelt before by the Byshops, they obtayned that the matter should be referred to the conuocation: MarginaliaW. Sautre brought before the byshops in the conuocation where the sayd William Sautre being brought before the Byshops and Notaries thereunto appointed, the conuocation was differred to the Saterday next ensuing.

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