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Cologne (Köln; Colonia Agrippina)
 
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Cologne (Köln; Colonia Agrippina)

[Colen; Colleyn; Collen; Colon]

North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Coordinates: 50° 57' 0" N, 6° 58' 0" E

Cathedral city

794 [770]

K. Hen. 7. The plate of Hierome and Hus. Prophesies of Antichrist the Turke and Pope.

Clement the 5. was made to lie vnder the Popes table like a dog, & gather vp the croms, mēcioned in Sabel. Enn. 9. li. 7.

Henry the 3. being Emperor, had hys diademe first set on with the feete of the Pope, and afterwarde strocken off from his head with the Popes foote againe.

And what shall I speake more hereof? when as Carolus Magnus submitted himselfe so lowe to kisse the feete of Pope Leo. An. 800.

MarginaliaEnoch & Hely.It foloweth then in the prophesie of Methodius 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sigs. d3v-d4r.

: That in the tribulation of those dayes, shall be sent from God two speciall Prophettes, Enoch and Hely, to reprooue and disclose the fraudulent falsehode of Antichrist, and that many seeing his delusion, shall forsake him and followe them: Wherat Antichrist be-ing greeued shall kill them. &c.

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We neuer read yet in any story, of any suche two Prophets to be sent either to the Saracens, or to the Turkes: Wheras against the Pope, we read Iohn Husse and Hierome of Prage, MarginaliaIohn Hus & Hierome of Prage. two learned Martyrs & Prophets of God to haue bene sent, & to haue reproued and described the Anatomie of Antichrist 

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This is a reference to a work by Hus, De anatomia Antichristi.

, MarginaliaVid. in primo Tom. operū Iohā. Hus. De Anatomia. and at last to haue bene burned for their labor. And what Prophet can speake more plainely, either Enoch or Hely, then did Hierom of Prage, MarginaliaHierome of Prage a prophet and Martir. prophesying of the comming of Martin Luther, an C. yeres after him? when the Pope and his fellowes should answere to God and to him. The time we see came iust. Nowe let the Pope see with his fellowes, what answere they can make.

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The true plate of Hus and Hierome, among the Bohemians.
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The way in which Foxe's work honoured the Hussite martyrs pictorially is suggestive of the how he may have collected visual, as well as textual materials while he was abroad. This instance is unusual in that 'the true plate' can be pinned to an exact source. The woodcut is a close copy of a Reformation medal celebrating the Bohemian martyr, Jan Hus, and inscribed with the words 'CREDO UNAM ESSE ECCLESIAM SANCTAM CATHOLICAM', and the prophesy attributed to Hus at the stake; 'CENTUM REVOLUTIS ANNIS DEO RESPONDEBITIS ET MIHI'. This was of course wonderfully exact for linkage with Luther (as Foxe duly noted), and it is tempting to think that the martyrologist might have come by a copy of the medral while he was abroad. However, it was adapted, as well as copied, for inclusion in the Acts and Monuments, by being drafted into doing double duty for both Hus (whose name, inscribed on the medal, is omitted) and Jerome of Prague, who, by implication is the figure chained to the stake. CUL: the outer ring is purple (with pink shading), the inner is yellow (with orange shading). There is a blue upper skyline added to both images. The right-hand image, of Jerome, is damaged with metallic undercoat (?) paint. Hus is depicted in profile, wearing black, with a brown beard and brown fur collar; Jerome is tied to the stake wearing a white loincloth and his white 'crown of paper'. Note that here Jerome is depicted as clean shaven and much younger looking than in the image of him at his burning on p.754.

It followeth further in Methodius concludyng hys prophecie 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sig. d4v.

. And then (sayth he) shall appeare the comming of the sonne of man in the clouds of heauen, with celestial glory. &c.

MarginaliaThe nearnes of the Lordes iudgement.Wherefore after the burning of these two notable Prophets, with many other thousands burned also since their time, by the B. of Rome it is to be thought, that the comming of Christes iudgement in the clouds, is not farre of. Veni cito Domine. Amen.

And thus muche touching Methodius, of whose prophecies how much or how little is to be estemed, I leaue it indifferent vnto the reader. For me it shal suffice simply to haue recited his wordes, as I finde them in his booke contained: noting this by þe way, that of this booke of Methodius, De nouissimis temporibus, neither Hierome in his Cataloge, nor Suidas, nor yet Auentinus in the place where hee entreateth purposely of such prophecies, maketh any mention. 

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The 'Master of the Sentences' is the famous theologian Peter Lombard (c. 1100-1160). Foxe is saying that, since Methodius's Revelations contain a reference to Lombard's writings, the Revelations could not have been written by a third century bishop. Again, Foxe is casting doubt on the traditional identification of Methodius as the author of the Revelationes.

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MarginaliaThe prophesy of Hildegardis and Brigiete, of the Turkes.As touching Hildegardus & Brigit, & other whome the French cal Bardi for their songs & prophetical verses, sufficient hath ben alleaged before out of Auentinus: 
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See Joannes Aventinus, Annalium Boiorum (Ingolstadt, 1554), p. 301.

MarginaliaEx Auentino lib. 3. Annalium. Who in his 3. booke of Chronicles wryting of the testimonies of Hildegard, Brigit and Bardi, seemeth to grounde vppon them, that the Turkes, whether we wil or not, shal haue their Imperiall seate at Colen: MarginaliaA caueat to England.And I pray God, that it come not to passe, that the Turke do geue some attempt against England by the seas, before that he come to Colen by land. &c.

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Breuity causeth me to cut of many testimonies and reuelations of these abouesaide, or els I could here rehearse the propheticall wordes of Brigit, lib. 4. cap. 57. MarginaliaEx Brigitta. lib. 4. cap. 57. concerning the City and Church of Rome, MarginaliaProphesies of Brigitte, against Rome.which as she sayth 

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See Memoriale effigatum librorum prophetiarum seu visonum B. Brigidae (Rome, 1556), sig. S4v. For those using a different edition of St. Bridget's writings, it should be noted that Foxe's citation of the book and chapter are correct.

, must be purged and scoured with 3. things: to wit, with sharpe sword, with fire, and with the plough, and that God wil doe with that Citie, as one that remoueth plants out of one place vnto an other: and finally, that the Citie of Rome shall susteine the sentence, as if a Iudge should commaund the skin to be flaine off, the bloude to be drawne from the flesh, and the flesh to be cut in small peces, & the bones therof to be broken, so that all the mary may be quised out from the same &c. But for breuitie I let Brigit passe, & some thing wil declare out of Erythrea Sybilla, MarginaliaThe Prophesies of Erithrea Sybilla named Eriphila. in her booke of prophecies found in S. Georges church in Venice 
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Foxe is during these prophecies, atributed to the Erythraen Sibyl from Berthold Pürstringer's Onus ecclesiae. Pürstringer, the bishop of Chiemese (1508-25), was dedicated to the reform of the church and he was also a staunch opponent of Lutheranism. The Onus ecclesiae, first published anonymously in 1524, is a call to repentance and reform. Pürstringer uses the Sibylline prophecies to support his view that the Turks are an instrument of God's judgement. I have used the second edition of this work, published in Venice in 1531.

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: Where she prophesying many things of the birth of Christ vnder Augustus, and of the birth of Iohn Baptist, & of baptisme, of the Apostles, of the conuersion of the Gentiles, and of Constantinus. &c. hath these words 
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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y1v.

: MarginaliaEx Erithrea Sybilla in suo Nazilographo. i. imperiali scripto.After that the peaceable Bull shall conclude all the climes of the world vnder tribute, in those daies a heauenly lambe shal come: and the dayes shal come, whē the power of the flowing streame shalbe magnified in water, & the Lyon the Monarche shalbe conuerted to the Lambe, which shall shine to all men, and subuert kingdomes.

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Moreuer sayeth Sybilla 

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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y1v.

, MarginaliaProphesies of Sybilla of christ.In the latter age God shall bee hūbled, and the diuine ofspring shalbe abased, & Deitie shalbe ioyned with humanity, the Lambe shal lie in hay, and God & mā shall be bred vp vnder a maidens attendance, signes and wōders shal go before amōgest the circumcised. &c. Also, an aged womā shal cōceiue a childe hauing knowledge of things to come. The Worlde shall maruell at Botes (the starre) which shall be a leader to his birth. He hauing 32. feete MarginaliaBy his feete is supposed to be ment the yeares of his age. and 6. thumbes shal chuse to himself out of fishers and abiectes, the number of 12. and one deuill, not wyth sworde nor with battel. &c. And afterwarde thus followethmoreouer, in Sybilla, saying 
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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y1v.

: * Marginalia* The lambe lying. &c. that is, the Church without trauell shall be mainteyned with some liuing or possessions of cheife rulers. The health of the lambe lying shalbe clothed with a fewe spoiles of the Lyon. Blacke shalbe turned into red He shall subdue the citie of Æneas, and kings, but in the booke of the fisher, In deiectiō and pouertie he shall cōquere riches, and shall treade downe pride with his owne death, In the night he shall rise vp, and be changed, he shall liue and raigne, and all these things shall be consummated, and regeneration (or newe things) be made: at last hee shall iudge both good and euill. &c. And thus much briefly collected out of Sybilla Erythrea concerning Christ our Lord.

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Furthermore, touching the state and course of the Church and of Antichrist. it foloweth in the sayde Sybille, saying 

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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sigs.Y1v and Y2r.

: MarginaliaBy these foure beasts is ment the 4. Monarchies of the worlde, that is the multitude of all the kingdōs of the Gentiles, as is in the Apocal.Then shall 4. Winged beastes rise vp in testimonie, they shal soūd out with trumpets the name of the lambe, sowing righteousnes, & the law irreprehensible. Against which law, the beast shal gainstand, & the abomination & froth of the dragon. But a maruelous star shal rise, hauing the image of the 4. beasts, & shalbe in a maruelous multitude, he shal bring light to the Greekes, and shal illustrate the world. The lake of the fisher shall bring the name of the lambe with power, into the Citie of Eneas, MarginaliaBy the citye of Aeneas is ment Rome vnto the end of the worlde, (or time). Then in the city of Eneas, the starre ioyned, shall loose such as were bound of the deuill, and thereof hee shall reioyce and glory, and glorious shalbe his end &c.

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After this, Sybilla wryting (as it semeth) of Antichrist, importeth these words. 

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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y2r.

MarginaliaThe prophesies of Sybilla, of Antichrist.And it shall come to passe, that an horrible beast shal come out of the East, whose roaring shall be heard to Aphrike, to the people of Carthage, Which hath 7. heades and scepters innumerable, feete 663. MarginaliaThe 663. feet do meane the yeares of his reigne. He shall gainstande the lambe, to blaspheme his Testamēt, encreasing the waters of the dragon. The kings & princes of the world he shall burne in intolerable sweat, & they shal not diminish his feete. And then two starres like to the first starre, shall rise against the beast, and shal not preuaile, till the abhomination shall be come, and the wil of the Lord shall be consummate. And again, speaking of the same matter, he inferreth these wordes of the foresaid 2. starres aboue mētioned. 
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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y2r..

And toward the latter dayes, MarginaliaThese two starres seme to meane Iohn Hus, & Hierome, who being put to death by the pope their doctrine rose agayne more strongly then before.two bright starres shall arise, raising vp men lying dead in their sinnes, being like to the first starre, hauing the face of the 4. beasts which shall resist the beast, & the waters of the dragon, testifying (or preaching) the name and lawe of the lambe, the destruction of abhomination and iudgement, and shal diminish his waters, but they shalbe weakened in the bread of affliction, and they shall rise againe in stronger force. &c.

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And it foloweth moreouer 

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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y2r.

. After the abhomination, then shal truth be reuealed, & the lambe shalbe known, to whom regions and countreis shal submit their necks, & all earthly men shal agree together in one, to come into one fold, and to be ruled vnder one discipline, and after this shalbe but a small time. &c.

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And shortly after, the saide Sybilla 

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Berthold Pürstinger, Onus ecclesiae temporibus (Venice, 1531), sig.Y2r-v.

speaking of the latter iudgement to come, declareth how all the abhominations of sinnes shall come before the lambe: and that terrible fire shall fall frō heauen, which shall consume al earthly things created vnto the top of heauen. &c.

And thus muche out of Sybilla, touching her prophesies of Christ & Antichrist, according as I founde them alleaged of a certaine catholike Romish wryter, in his booke entituled Onus ecclesiæ, 

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Foxe is during these prophecies, attributed to the Erythraen Sibyl from Berthold Pürstringer's Onus ecclesiae. Pürstringer, the bishop of Chiemese (1508-25), was dedicated to the reform of the church and he was also a staunch opponent of Lutheranism. The Onus ecclesiae, first published anonymously in 1524, is a call to repentance and reform. Pürstringer uses the Sibylline prophecies to support his view that the Turks are an instrument of God's judgement. I have used the second edition of this work, published in Venice in 1531.

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MarginaliaEx libro cui titulus, onus Ecclesiæ. excerped, as he sayeth, out of the library of S. George in the citie of Venice.

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Philip
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