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Canossa [Canusium]Ravenna
 
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Canossa [Canusium]

Reggio Emilia, Italy

Coordinates: 44° 36' 0" N, 10° 25' 0" E

 
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Ravenna

[Rauenna]

Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Coordinates: 44° 25' 0" N, 12° 12' 0" E

806 [782]

Byshops of Rome aduaunced by Emperours, Constantinus, Theodosius. &c.
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CUL copy: note the attention to detail in this illustration: tiny, individual brushstrokes are used to suggest the weave of the fabric in the Emperor's clothing. The detail added to the marbling on the right-hand pillar replicates that added to the pillars in other images, such as the 'Vivate Rex' on the verso of the title page. WREN copy: this copy is not as detailed as that in the CUL copy.

¶ The exaltation of popes aboue Kinges and Emperours out of historyes.

FIrst, after that Italy and the Citty of Rome were ouerrunne by the Gothes and Vandales, so that the seate of the Empire was remoued to Constantinople, then began Ioannes Patriarch of Constantinople, to put forth hymselfe, and would needes be called vniuersall Bishop of the world: MarginaliaIohn Patriarch of Constantinople subdued by B. of Rome. but the Bishoppe of Rome in no case would suffer that, and stopped it. MarginaliaThe Emperours Lieuetenaunt of Rauenna subdued by the Lumbardes and Romaine Byshops.After this came the Emperours deputy, and Exarch of Rauenna to rule Italy, but the Byshop of Rome through ayde of the King of Lombardes soone quayled him.

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Not long after, about the yeare of our Lord 500. 

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Due to a misprint, this date was changed from 600 to 500 in the 1583 edition.

came Phocas the murderer, who slue the Emperor of Constantinople his maister Mauritius and his children. MarginaliaBoniface 3. obtained of Phocas to be called vniuersall byshop.By which Phocas the bishops of old Rome aspired first to their preheminēce, to be coūted þe headbishops ouer þe whole church and so together with the Lombardes began to rule the city of Rome. 
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This summary of papal history from Phocas and Boniface III through to Otto I, is based on on William Tyndale's The Practice of Prelates.(See Expositions and Notes…by William Tyndale, ed. Henry Walter, ParkerSociety [Cambridge, 1849], pp. 258-70).

Afterward when the Lombardes would not yeld vnto him, in accomplishing his ambitious desire, but would needs requyre of the Bishop the said city of Rome: he styrred vppe Pipinus, MarginaliaPope Zachary putteth downe Childericus the French K. and setteth Pipinus in his place.but first deposed Childiricus the king of Fraunce, and so thrusting him into an Abbay, MarginaliaPipinus and Carolus Magnus set vp by pope Zachachary.sette vp in his place Pipinus and his sonne Carolus Magnus to put downe the sayde king of Lombardes called Aistulphus. And so translated the Empyre from Constantinople into Fraunce, deuiding the spoyle betwene him and them: so that the kinges of Fraunce had all the possessions and landes which before belonged to the Empyre, and he to receiue of them the quiet possession of the city of Rome, MarginaliaHow the Byshops of Rome came first to be the head Byshops of the Church. with such donations and Lordships, which now they challenge vnto thē vnder the name of S. Peters patrimony, MarginaliaDonation of Constantine a thing false and forged.which they falsly ascribe to þe donatiō of Constantinus the great.

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It foloweth then in proces of tyme, after the dayes of Pipinus, Carolus and Ludouicus (who had indued these Bishops of Rome, called now Popes, with large possessions) when the kinges of Fraunce were not so applyable to theyr becke, to aide and maynteine thē agaynst the Princes of Italy, who began then to pynch the sayde Byshops for theyr wrongful vsurped goodes, MarginaliaPope Gregory 5. practiseth with the Germains to reduce the Empyre to Germany. an. 1002.they practised with the Germanes to reduce þe Empyre to Otho first of that name Duke of spayne 

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I.e., the duke of Saxony.

, referring the election thereof to 7. Princes Electours of Germany, which was aboute ann. 1002. notwithstanding reseruing still in his handes the negatiue voyce, thinking thereby to enioy that they had, in quietnesand security, and so did for a good space.

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At length when some of these Germane Emperours also after Otho MarginaliaOtho first Germaine Emperour. began a litle to spurne agaynst the sayd bishops and Popes of Rome, some of thē they accursed, some they subdued and brought to the kissing of theyr feet, MarginaliaEmperours brought to kisse the popes feete. some they deposed, and placed other in theyr possessions.

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MarginaliaHenricus 4. accursed, wayteth at the popes gate 3. daies.So was Henricus 4. by these Byshoppes accursed, 

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For his summary of events from Canossa to the pontificate of Innocent III, Foxe is referencing events already discussed in the Acts and Monuments.

the Emperour himselfe forced with his wife and child to wait attendaunce vppon the Popes pleasure three dayes and three nightes in winter at the gates of Canossus. Reade before pag. 179. MarginaliaRodulphus, and at last his owne sonne set vp to fight against him. Read before pag. 179.Besides all this the sayd Pope raysed vp Rodulphus to be Emperor against him: who being slaine in warre, then the sayde Pope Gregorye vij. not restyng thus, styrred vppe his owne sonne Henricus. 5. to fight agaynst his owne naturall father and to depose him, whiche Henricus the 4. was also himselfe afterwarde accursed and excommunicated, and the Saxons at last set vp by the Byshops to fight agaynst him.

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After this the Emperours began to be somewhat calmed and more quyet, suffering the Byshops to reigne as they listed: till Fridericke the first called Barbarossa came, and began to styrre coales agaynst thē. Howbeit they hampered both him, and his sonne Henry in such sort, that they brought first the necke of Fridericke, in the Church of Venice, vnder theyr feet to tread vpon: MarginaliaPope Alexander. 3. treadeth vpon the necke of Fredericke Emperour. and after that the sayde bishops crowning Henricus his sonne in the church of S. Peter, set his crown on his head with theyr feet, and with theyr feet spurned it off agayne to make him know that the Popes of Rome had power both to crowne Emperours, and to depose them agayne. MarginaliaPope Celestine crowneth Henry. 5. Emperour with his feete, and with his foote spurneth the crown from his head agayne. Whereof read before pag. 784.

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Then folowed Philippus brother to Henry aforesaid, whome also the Popes accursed, aboute the yeare of our Lord. 1198. and set vp Otho Duke of Saxonye. But when the sayd Otho beganne to be so saucy to dispossesse the Byshops of theyr Cittyes and landes whiche they had encroched into they handes, they could not beare that, but incōtinent they put him besides the cushin. 

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For his summary of events from Canossa to the pontificate of Innocent III, Foxe is referencing events already discussed in the Acts and Monuments.

The like also fell vp on Otho the 4. that folowed after Philip, who was suffered no longer then foure yeares to raigne, about the yeare of our Lord. 1209.

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At this tyme Fridericus 2. the Sonne of Fridericus Barbarossa aboue mētioned, was but yong, whō the Byshops of Rome supposing to finde more mortified & tamed to theyr hand, aduaunced to be Emperour after his father. But that fell out much cōtrary to theyr expectation. For be perceiuing the immoderate pompe and pride of þe Romain

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