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Lincolnshire

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807 [783]

Emperours kissing the Popes feete. K. Iohns supplication to the Pope.

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CUL copy: the cardinals and pope are dressed in bright orange. Note that there is additional detail in gold on the pope's garments and a tiny amount on the vestments also. WREN copy: the figures are wearing orange in this copy also but note that there is no gold in this copy.

bishops, which he could in no case abide, so netled them, & cut theyr combes & waxed so stout agaynst them intending to extirpe theyr tyranny and to reduce theyr pompous riches to the state & condition of the primitiue church agayn, putting some of them to flight, and prisoning some of theyr Cardinals, that of 3. Popes, MarginaliaHonorius. 3. Gregory 9. Innocent. 4. against Fridericus 2. Emperour. one after another he was accursed, circumuēted by treason, at last deposed, & after that poysoned, and at last forsaken and dyed.

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MarginaliaWarre raysed against Conradus, by the Byshops of Rome.After this Friderick folowed his sonne Cōradus, whō the foresayd Bishops for his disobedience soone dispatched, exciting agaynst him in mortall warre the Lantgraue of Thuring, wherby he was at length driuen into his kingdome of Naples, and there deceased.

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This Conradus had a sonne called Conradinus duke and prince of Sueuia. When this Conradinus after the decease of his father came to enioy his kingdome of Naples, the sayd Bishops styrred vp against him Charles þe french kings brother in such sort, MarginaliaEx Auentino. that through crafty conueyance, both Conradinus which descended of the bloud of so many Emperours, & also Fridericke Duke of Austria were both takē, and after much wretched handling in theyr miserable induraunce vnseeming to theyr state, at length were both brought vnder the axe by the Popes procurement, and so both beheaded. And thus ended the imperiall stock of Fridericke the first surnamed Barbarossa.

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MarginaliaThe insolencie of Pope Boniface 8. against Philip French kyng.The like as happened to Fridericke the Emperor, had almost also fallen vpon Philip the French king, by Pope Boniface the 8. who because he could not haue his commodityes and reuenewes out of Fraunce after his will, sent out his Bulles and letters patents to displace king Philip aforesayd, and to possesse Albertus king of Romanes in his rowme.

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MarginaliaThe tyrannous iniuries of Byshops of Rome agaynst kings of England.And thus hitherto of forreigne storyes. Now touching our countrey Princes here in Englande to speake somewhat likewise of them: MarginaliaPope Alexander 3. against Kyng Henry. 2.did not Pope Alexander the 3. presumptuously taking vpō him where he had nothing to do to intermeddle with the kinges subiectes, for the death of Becket the rebell, albeit the king snfficiently cleared hym selfe thereof, yet notwithstanding did he not wrongfullye bring the sayd king Henry 2. to such penaunce as it pleased him to enioyne, & also violently constrayne him to sweare obedience to the Sea of Rome? pag. 227. MarginaliaPope Innocent 3. against king Iohn.The lyke also was shewed before in this story to happen to K. Iohn hys sonne. For when the sayd king like a valiaunt Prince had held out the tyranny of those Bishops 7. yeares together, were not all the Churches in England barred vp, and hysinheritaunce with all his dominions geuen away by pope Innocent. 3. to Ludouicus the French king, and he afterward compelled to submitt both himselfe and to make hys whole Realme fedotary to the Byshops of Rome & moreouer the king himselfe driuen also to surrēder his crowne to Pandulphus the Popes Legate, and so continued as a priuate person 5. dayes standing at the popes curtesy whether to receiue it agayne at his handes or no? And when the nobles of the realme rose afterwarde agaynst the king for the same, was not he then fayne to seeke and sue to the foresayd Pope for succour, as by this his owne letter, takē out of the publicke roles, may appeare? 

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This letter comes from the Patent Rolls and was probably copied forFoxe by William Bowyer, the Keeper of the Tower Records. Foxe abridges the letter, but his version is essentially accurate (cf. Thomas Rymer and Robert Sanderson, Foedera (20 vols., London, 1726-1735), I, p. 69).

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Kyng Iohns Supplication to Pope Innocent the third.

Marginalia

Ex Rotulo patent.

De anno Regni Reg. Ioannis 8.

K. Iohns supplication to Pope Innocent. 3.

REuerendis. Domino suo & Patri sanctis. Innocentio Dei gratia Ioan. eadem gratia R. Angliæ &c. Cum Comites & Barones Angliæ nobis deuoti essent, antequam nos & nostram terram Domino vestro subiacere curassemus, ex tunc in nos specialiter ob hoc, sicut publice dicunt, violenter insurgūt. Nos verò præter Deum, vos specialem dominum & patronum habentes, defensionē nostram & totius Regni, quod vestrum esse credimus, vestræ paternitati commissam, & nos quantum in nobis est, curam & solicitudinem istam vestræ resignamus dominationi, deuotius supplicātes quatenus in negotijs nostris, quæ vestra sunt, cōsilium & auxilium efficax apponatis, prout melius videritis expedire, latores præsentium. &c. Teste meipso apud Dour. 18. Septemb. 6.

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And yet all this notwithstanding that the saide king Iohn did so yeld to the Pope, he was both pursued by his nobles, and also in the end was poysoned by a subiect of þe Popes owne Religiō, a Monke of Swinsted: 

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Although Foxe does not say so, he is listing sources that (inaccurately)maintained that John was poisioned in response to attacks on the credibility of this story - recited by Foxe in the first edition of the Acts and Monuments - which were made by the Catholic controversialists Thomas Harding (A confutation of…An apologie of the church of England [London, 1565], STC 12762, fo. 184r-v) and Thomas Stapleton, A Counterblast to M. Hornes vayne blast [Louvain, 1567],STC 23231, fos. 312v-314r). For this, and for arguments that Matthew Parkercompiled the following list of sources, see Thomas Freeman, 'John Bale's Book ofMartyrs? The Account of King John in Acts and Monuments', Reformation 3 (1998),pp. 206-10.

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As I haue sufficiently to proue, not onely by William Caston MarginaliaWilliam Caxtō. aboue in my story alledged. pag. 257. but also haue testimony of þe most part of Chronicles for the same (a few only excepted) as of Tho. Gray in his French Chronicle. 
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I.e., the Scalachronicon.

MarginaliaThomas Gray. French Chronicle in meeter. Also of an other Frenche Chronicle in Metre, 
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This description is too vague to permit identification.

of Ranulphus Cestrensis, 
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I.e., the Polychronicon.

MarginaliaRanulph Cestrensis. Thomas Rudburne MarginaliaTho. Rudburn. also doth witnes the same. 
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This is either Thomas Rudborne's Epitome historia maioris or hishistoria minor.

So doth Richard Rede MarginaliaRich. Redus. in nouo Chronico ad tempora Henr. 6. 
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This is now Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS 311.

The like also doth the Chronicle called Eulogium Monachi Cant: 
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See Thomas Freeman, 'John Bale's Book of Martyrs? The Account ofKing John in Acts and Monuments', Reformation 3 (1998), p. 10 for the suggestion that Foxe consulted an extract copied from the Eulogium, which is now in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS 101, pp. 316-17.

MarginaliaEulogium. The wordes of Walter Gisborne MarginaliaWalterus Gisburne. an auncient historiographer be plaine. 
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I.e., the chronicle of Walter of Guisborough.

No lesse is to be found in Ioan Maior, MarginaliaIoan. Maior. De gestis Scotorum. Libr. 4. cap. 3. fol. 56. where he not onelye maketh mention of the Monke and of the poyson, but also of the Abbot, of his absolution, and of the 3. Monkes e-

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uery
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