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Henricus. 4. Emperour Waiting 3. dayes vpon Pope Gregory 7. Image of Antichrist.

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CUL copy: In this image, gold detail is added to the garments of all three central figures, as well as to those of the pope in the window. WREN copy: There is no use of gold in this image, which, on the whole, is very pale.

to euery humane creature, as to kinges, dukes, & other for þe cause of God. &c. 1. Pet. 2. 

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I Peter 2: 13-14.

yet in aūswering again in my decretall, I expoūded þe minde & the words of S. Peter to perteine to his subiectes, & not his successors, willing the sayd Emperor to consider þe person of the speaker, & to whom it was spoken. For if the mind of Peter had bene there to debase the order of priesthood, and to make vs vnderlings to euery humane creature, thē euery Iack might haue dominion ouer Prelates: which maketh agaynst the example of Christ, setting vp the order of Priesthoode to beare dominion ouer kings, according to the saying of Ieremy: Beholde I haue set thee vp ouer kinges & nations. &c. Marginalia18. pope Clement. 5. Clement de iureiurando. c. Romani.18. And as I feared not then to write this boldly vnto Cōstantine, so now I say to all other Emperours, þt they receauing of me their approbation, vnction, consecratiō, and crowne Imperiall, must not disdain to submit theyr heads vnder me, & sweare vnto me theyr alegeance. Marginalia19. pope Ioannes. Dist 96 c. Nunquam.19. For so you read in the Decree of pope Iohn, how that princes hertofore haue bene wont to bow & submit theyr heads vnto Bishops, & not to procede in iudgement agaynst the heads of bishops. Marginalia20. pope Clement. 5. Clement. de Sentent. & reiudi. pastoralis.20. If this reuerence and submission was wont to be geuen to Byshops, how much more ought they to submit theyr heads to me being superiour, not onely to kings, but Emperors, and that for two causes: First for my title of succession that I Pope of Rome haue to the Empyre, and rowme standyng vacant. Also for the fulnesse of power that Christ the king of kings, and Lord of Lords hath geuē to me though vnworthy in the person of Peter. Marginalia21. pope Innocent. 3. De iudicijs cap. Nouit.21. By reason whereof, seing my power is not of man but of God, who by his celestiall prouidence hath sette me ouer his whole vniuersall Church maister and gouernour, it belongeth therefore to my office to looke vpon euery mortall sinne of euery Christen man: Marginalia22. Ibidem.22. Whereby all criminall offences as well of kings as all other, be subiect to my censure. 
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This is a good example of how Foxe can distort the sources he is quoting. The rule actually asserts the right of the papacy to hear appeals from bishops regarding offenses committed against them, even by kings, but it does not assertjurisdiction over all criminal offenses.

Marginalia23. pope Marcellus Causa. 2. q. 6. c. ad Romanam.23. in such sort, that in al maner of pleading, if any maner of person at any time either before the sentence geuen or after shall appeale to me, it shall be lawfull for him so to do. Marginalia24 Innocent. Nouit ille.24. Neither must kinges and Princes thinke it muche to submit themselues to my iudgemēt: for so did Valentinianus the worthy emperor, so did Theodosius, & also Carolus. Marginalia25. Bonifacius Martyr. Dist. 40. cap. 6i papa.25. Thus you see al must be iudged by me, and I of no man. Yea and though I Pope of Rome, by my negligence or euill demeaner be founde vnprofitable, or hurtfull, either to my selfe or to others: yea if I shoulde draw with me innumerable soules by heapes to hell, yet no mortall man so hardy, so bolde, or so presumptuous to reproue me. Marginalia26. Glosa Extrauag. de sede vacant Adispostolat is.26. or to say to me: Domine cur ita facis: i. Syr why doe you so? Marginalia27. pope Leo. caus. 2. q. 7. c.27. For although you read that Balaam was rebuked of his asse, by the whiche asse our subiects, by Balaam we Prelates are signified: yet that ought to be no example to our subiectes to rebuke vs. MarginaliaNos. 28. Gregor. 2. q. 7. c. petrus.28. And though we read in the Scripture that Peter, who receiued power of the kingdome, and being chiefe of the A-postles, might by vertue of his office controlle all other, was content to come and geue aunswere before his inferiours, obiecting to him his goyng to the Gentiles, yet other inferiors must not learne by this example to be checkmate with theyr Prelates because that Peter so tooke it at theyr handes, shewing therby rather a dispensation of humility, then the power of hys office: by the which power he might haue sayde to them agayne in this wise: It becommeth not sheep, nor belongeth to theyr office to accuse their shepheard. &c. Marginalia29. pope Nicolaus. Dist. 21. cap. In tantum.29. For els why was Dioscorus Patriarche of Alexandria condemned and excommunicated at Chalcedone? not for any cause of his fayth, but onely for that he durst stand agaynst Pope Leo, and durst excommunicate the Bishoppe of Rome: for who is he that hath authoritye to accuse the seate of Saynt Peter? Marginalia30. Hiero. Caus 2. q. 7. cap. paulus.30. Albeit I am not ignoraunt what Saynt Hierome writeth, that Paule would not haue reprehended Peter, vnelsse he had thought hymselfe equall vnto him. Marginalia31. Glosa Gratiani Ibidem.31. yet Hierome must thus be expoūded by my interpretation, that this equality betwixt Peter and Paule consisteth not in like office of dignity, but in purenesse of conuersation. Marginalia32. Glosa. in Dist. rr. cap. Quis.32. For who gaue Paule his lycence to preach but Peter, and that by the authority of god, saying: Separate to me Paule and Barnabas? &c. 
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Acts 13:2.

Marginalia33. Caus. 2. q. 7. c. beati.Wherefore be it knowne to all men that my Church of Rome is Prince and head of all nations. Marginalia34. pope Nicolaus Dist. 22. c. omnes.34. the mother of the fayth. Marginalia35. pope Anacletus. Dist. 22. c. Sacrosancta.35. the foundation Cardinall: whervpon all Churches doe depend as the doore doth depende by the hinges. Marginalia36. pope pelagius. Dist. 21. quamuis.36. the firste of all other seates, without all spot or blemish. Marginalia37. pope Nicolaus. Dist. 21. cap. Deniq,.37. Lady mistres and instructour of all Churches. Marginalia38. pope Step. Dist. r 9. Enimuero38. a glasse and spectacle to all menne, to be followed in all, whatsoeuer she obserueth, Marginalia39. pope Lucius. 24. q. 1. A rect.39. Which was neuer founde yet to slide or decline from the path of Apostolicke tradition, or to be intangled with any newnesse of heresy. Marginalia40. pope Nicolaus. dist. 22. omnes40. Agaynst which Church of Rome whosoeuer speaketh any euill, is forthwith a hereticke. Marginalia41. pope Gregorius. dist. 8 t cap. Si qui.41. yea a very Pagane, a Witch, and Idolater or Infidell. Marginalia42. pope Leo. Caus. 3. q. 6. cap. Multum.42. Hauing fulnes of power onely in her owne handes in ruling. Marginalia43. Dist. 20. Decretales.43. deciding, absoluing, condemning, casting out, or receiuing in Marginalia44. pope Iulius. Caus. 2. q. 6. qui se44. albeit I deny not but other Churches be partakers with her in labouring and caryng. Marginalia

45. Caus. 2. q. 6. Arguta. Item. c. Ad Romanam.

Caus. 2. q. 6. cap. placuit.

Glosa. Gratiani. Nisi.

45. To the whyche Church of Rome it is lawfull to appeale for remedye, from the Churches. Although it was otherwise concluded in the generall Councell of Milleuitane that no manne should appeale ouer the sea vnder payne of excommunication, yet my glose commeth in here with an exception: Nisi fortè Romanam sedem appellauerint: i. Except the appeale be to the Sea of Rome. &c. Marginalia46. pope Gelasi. 25. q. 1. cap. confidimus.46. By the authoritye of whiche Churche of

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