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Alan Meldrum

Canon of St Andrews

Alan Meldrum was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. He was one of those who passed the sentence definitive against him. 1570, pp. 1107-09; 1576, pp. 947-48; 1583, pp. 974-75.

 
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Alexander Campbell

Prior of the Dominicans [ODNB sub Patrick Hamilton]; appeared to agree with Patrick Hamilton in private, then became his public accuser

Alexander Campbell was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Alexander Yong

Augustinian friar; [Fasti; Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ] principal of St Leonard's College, St Andrews (1517 - 31x33); sub-prior 1533; principal again (1540 - 43)

Alexander Yong was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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François Lambert

(1486 - 1530)

b. Avignon; Franciscan convert to protestantism; met Luther in Wittenberg; returned to Strasbourg in 1524 to preach reform; head of the theological faculty at the University of Marburg 1527

Franç Lambert taught Patrick Hamilton at the University of Marburg. 1563, p. 460; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

Books by Luther, Melancthon and Lambert were given to Rainolde West by William Paget at Cambridge. 1563, p. 509; 1570, p. 1198; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

 
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James Symson

Official of St Andrews (1524 - 1529x1530) [Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]; official of Lothian (1530 - 33)

James Symson was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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John Annand

Canon of St Andrews

John Annand was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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John Dillidaffe

Warden of grey friars

John Dillidaffe was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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John Grierson

(c. 1486 - 1564?) [ODNB]

BTh 1516; prior of St Andrews, provincial of Dominicans (1523 - 59); dean of the theology faculty of St Andrews 1553

John Grierson was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

Grierson sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Grierson sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
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John Spens

Lawyer of St Andrews; commissary of St Andrews 1530; official of St Andrews (1533(?), 1534 - 39) [Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]

John Spens was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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John Weddell

Rector of University of St Andrews; official of St Andrews (1517 - 23, 1530 - 33)[Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]; official of Lothian (1533 - 40); commissary of St Andrews (1517 - 23)

John Weddell was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Martin Balbur

Lawyer of St Andrews

Martin Balbur was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Philip I of Hesse

(1504 - 1567)

Leading supporter of reformation; landgrave of Hesse (1518 - 67)

Met Luther at the Diet of Worms in 1521; founded the Lutheran University of Marburg; with John Frederick, leader of the Schmalkaldic League; imprisoned by the emperor (1547 - 52)

Patrick Hamilton went to the Philip's University of Marburg soon after it was founded. 1563, p. 460; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 946; 1583, p. 974.

 
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Thomas Ramsay

Canon and dean of the abbey of St Andrews 1527

Thomas Ramsay was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. He was one of those who passed the sentence definitive against him. 1570, pp. 1107-09; 1576, pp. 947-48; 1583, pp. 974-75.

 
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St Andrews

Fife, Scotland

Historic cathedral city; university town

OS grid ref: NO 515 165

 
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St. Andrews
S. Andrewes, S. Androwes
NGR: NO 510 165

A city, the seat of a university, and anciently the metropolitan see of Scotland; in the district of St. Andrews, county of Fife. 39 miles north-north-east from Edinburgh. The ecclesiastical affairs are under the superintendence of the Presbytery of St. Andrews and the Synod of Fife. The living is collegiate, consisting of two charges. The ancient cathedral is a ruin

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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998 [974]

K. Henry. 8. The Articles of M. Patricke Hamelton of Scotland Martyr.
Persecutors.Martyrs.The Causes.
ly erected by Phillip Lāt-
graue of Hesse: MarginaliaOf this Phillip Lantgraue of Hesse read before. where he
vsing conference and fa-
M. Iohnmiliaritie wt learned men,
Weddellnamely with Franciscus
Rector ofLambertus, so profited in
the vniuer-knowledge, and mature
sitie.iudgement in matters of
Religion, that he through
Iamesthe incitation of the sayde
Symson,Lambert, was the first in
Officiall.all þt Vniuersitie of Mar-
purge, MarginaliaOf the vniuersitye of Mapurge, reade defore. which publickely
Tho. Ram-did set vp cōclusions there
say, Cha-to be disputed of, concer-
non, andning fayth and workes:
Deane ofarguing also no lesse lear-
the Abbeynedly then feruently vpon
of S. An-the same. What these pro-
drewes.positions and conclusions
were, partly in his trea-
Allanetise heereafter following,
Meldrumcalled Patrike places, may
Chanon.appeare.
Thus the ingenious
Iohn Gre-witte of this learned Pa-
son, Princi-At Sainttricke increasing daylye
pall of theAndrewesmore and more in know-
Blackein Scotlād.ledge, and inflamed wyth
Friers.godlinesse, at length began
to reuolue with himselfe,
Iohn Dilli-touching his returne into
daffe, War-An. 1527.his countrey, being desi-
den of therous to import vnto hys
Gray Fri-countreymen, some fruite
ers.of the vnderstāding, which
he had receaued abroade.
MartinWhereupon, persisting in
Balbur,his godly purpose, he tooke
Lawyer.one of the three whome he
brought out of Scotland,
Iohn Spēs,& so returned home with-
Lawyer.out anye longer delaye.
MarginaliaThe godly zeale of M. Hamelton towardes his countrey.Where he, not susteyning
Alexanderthe miserable ignoraunce
Yong, ba-and blindnes of that peo-
cheler ofple, after he had valiantly
Diuinitie,taught and preached the
Chanon.truth, and refelled their a-
buses, was first accused of
Iohn An-heresie, and afterwarde,
nand, Cha-constantly and stoutly su-
non.steyning þe quarel of Gods
Gospell, against the hygh
Frier Alex.Priest and Archbishop of
Chambell,Saint Andrewe, named
Priour ofIames Beton, was cited
the Blacketo appeare before him, and
Friers, &c.his Colledge of Priestes,
the firste daye of March,
1527 
Commentary  *  Close

1528. Hamilton in fact answered the summons in mid-January 1528, was released after several days' discussions, and was rearrested about a month later, being burned on 29 February.

. But he beeing not
onely forwarde in know-
ledge, but also ardente in
spirit, not tarieng for the
houre appoynted, preuen-
ted the time, and came ve-
ry early in the morning,

before he was looked for, and there mightely disputing against them, when he could not by the Scriptures be conuicted, by force he was oppressed: MarginaliaThe Martyrdom and suffering of M. Patricke Hamelton. and so, the sentence of cōdemnation being geuen against him, the same daye after dinner, in all the hoate haste, he was had away to the fire, and there burned, the King being yet but a childe, whych thing made the Byshops more bold. And thus was thys noble Hamelton, the blessed seruaunt of God, without all iust cause, made away by cruell aduersaries, yet not without great fruite to the Church of Christ, for the graue testimonie of his bloud, left the veritie and truth of God, more fixed and confirmed in the harts of many, then euer could after be pluckt away: in so much that diuers afterwarde standing in his quarell, susteined also the lyke Martyrdome, as hereafter (Christ willing) shall appeare, as place and time shall require.

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In the meane season we thinke good to expresse here his Articles, and order of his processe, as we receaued them from Scotland, out of the registers.

¶ The Articles 
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As John Knox observed, 'the Articles for the which [Hamilton] suffered war bot of Pilgramage, Purgatorye, Prayer to Sanctes, and for the Dead, and such trifilles'. This set of articles, at least, does not appear to take cognizance of the more systematic Protestant doctrine taught in Patrick's Places. John Knox, The Works of John Knox, ed. David Laing, 6 vols (Edinburgh, 1846-64), vol. I p. 16.

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and opinions obiected against Maister Patrike Hamelton, by Iames Beton, Archbyshop of S. Andrewes.

MarginaliaArticles out of the Registers.THat man hath no free will.

That there is no Purgatory.

That the holy Patriarkes were in heauen, before Christes passion.

That the Pope hath no power to loose and binde: neyther any Pope had that power, after S. Peter.

That the Pope is Antichrist, and that euery Priest hath the power that the Pope hath.

That Mayster Patrike Hamelton was a Byshop.

That it is not necessary to obteyne any Bulles from any Byshop.

That the vow of the Popes religion, is a vow of wickednes.

That the Popes lawes be of no strength.

That all Christians worthy to be called Christians, doo know that they be in the state of grace.

That none be saued, but they are before predestinate.

Whosoeuer is in deadly sinne, is vnfaithfull.

That God is the cause of sinne, in this sence, that is, that he withdraweth hys grace from men, whereby they sinne.

That it is diuelish doctrine, to enioyne to any sinner, actuall penaunce for sinne.

That the sayde M. Patrike himselfe doubteth whether all children departing incontinent after their Baptisme, are saued or condemned.

That auricular confession is not necessary to saluation.

These Articles aboue written, were geuen in, and laid agaynst M. Hamelton, and inserted in their registers, for the which also he was cōdemned, by thē whiche hated him to death. But other learned men, which commoned & reasoned with him, do testifie, that these Articles followyng were the very Articles, for the which he suffered.

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MarginaliaHis articles otherwise more truely collected.1. Man hath no free will.

2. A man is onely iustified by fayth in Christ.

3. A man, so long as he liueth, is not without sinne.

4. He is not worthy to be called a Christian, which beleeueth not that he is in grace.

5. A good man doth good workes: good workes doo not make a good man.

6. An euill man bringeth forth euill works: euill works, being faithfully repented, do not make an euill man.

7. Faith, hope, and charitie be so linked together, that one of thē can not be without an other, in one mā, in this life.

¶ And as touching the other Articles, whereupon the Doctours gaue their iudgements, as diuers do report, he was not accused of them before the Byshop. Albeit in priuate disputation, he affirmed and defended the most of thē.

Heere followeth the sentence pronounced agaynst hym.

MarginaliaThe sentēce against M. Patricke Hamelton.CHristi nomine Inuocato: We Iames, by the mercy of God, Archbyshop of Saint Andrew, primate of Scotland, with the counsayle, decree, and authoritie of the most reuerend fathers in God, and Lordes, Abbots, Doctours of Theologie, professors of the holy Scripture, and maysters of the Vniuersitie, assisting vs for the time, sitting in iudgement within oure Metropolitane Church of S. Andrew, in the cause of hereticall prauitie, agaynste Mayster Patrike Hamelton, Abbot or pensionarie of Ferme, being summoned to appeare before vs, to aunswere to certeine Articles affirmed, taught, and preached by him, and so appearing before vs, and accused, the merites of the cause being ripely weyed, discussed, and vnderstanded by faithfull inquisition made in Lent last passed: we haue found the same M. Patrike, many wayes infamed with heresie, disputing, holding, and maytayning diuers heresies of Martin Luther, and his followers, repugnant to our faith, and which is already * Marginalia* Condemned by coūcells and Vniuersities, but here is no mentyon of the Scripture. condemned by generall Councels, and most famous Vniuersities. And he being vnder the same infamie, wee decerning before, him to be summoned and accused vpon the premisses, he of euill mind (as may be presumed) passed to other partes foorth of the Realme, suspected and noted of heresie. And being lately returned, not being admitted, but of his owne head, without licence or priuiledge, hath presumed to preache wicked heresie.

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We haue found also, that he hath affirmed, published, & taught, diuers opinions of Luther, and wicked heresies, after that he was summoned to appeare before vs and our Councell: MarginaliaNote here that these articles agree not with the articles in the Register before mentioned 

Commentary  *  Close

However, they do agree closely with the articles numbered 1-7, above.

.That man hath no free will: That man is in sinne so long as he liueth: That childrē incontinent after their baptisme, are sinners: All Christians that bee woorthie to bee called Christians, doo knowe that they are in grace: No man is iustifyed by workes, but by fayth onely:

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