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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1171 [112]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

Therfore when by no meanes nor waies he could be driuen from the truth of that professiō which he maintained, the bishop vsing a strāge but a cruell practise, determined to begyn the matter another way, that although he coulde not teache hym by argumentes, yet he myghte ouerthrow hym by a certain fore feelyng and horror of death. For expressyng vnto vs as it were the old ymage of king Porsenna, 

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This is Lars Porsenna, an Etruscan king, who was said to have besieged Rome in an attempt to restore the deposed king Tarquinus Superbus.

he commaunded a burnyng candle to bee brought forth before hym, whych beyng spedelye done by hys seruauntes: Come on (quod he) noughty knaue: if thou lykest the torment of the fire so well, I wyll make thee feele in this flame, what it is to bee burned, and then if thou bee wyse thou wylt chaunge thy mynde: MarginaliaThe ryght hande of Tomkyns burned.and so saying, commaunded hys ryghte hande to be put into the burnyng flame, supposyng that beyng made afrayde by the great payne and greefe, he woulde leaue of the defence of the doctrine that he had receyued.

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But contrarywise he through the great courage of his mynde, & burning inwardly with greater heate, dyd so despise, abyde, & endure that burninge, 

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Once again, Foxe is eager to emphasize the stoicism of the Marian martyrs when subjected to agonizing pain. On the polemical importance of the stoicism of the martyrs, see Collinson (1983) and Freeman (1997).

that we haue lesse cause hereafter to meruayle at the manfulnes of that Roman Scæuola. 
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This is Caius Mucius Scaevola, a legendary Roman hero, who attemped to kill Lars Porsenna. Captured and threatened with torture, he thrust his hand into the flame until it was consumed, in order to demonstrate his disdain for the threat.

MarginaliaTomkyns cōpared to Scæuola. I would to God the other as well folowed the example of that Hetruscan Tiraunt. MarginaliaBonner more cruell then Porsena the Hetruscan.For he after the lefte hande of Scæuola was halfe burned, eyther satysfiyed with his punishment, or ouercom by his manhode, or dryuen away by feare, sent him home safe vnto his people. Where as this Bonner hetherto not contented, with þe burning of his hande, neuer rested vntyll he had consumed his whole body into ashes, at Londō in Smith field. But before we com to his suffering, we wil fyrst entreate of som part of his examination and articles, with his answere and confession therunto annexed, as it is credibly in register recorded. 
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This document is reprinted from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book now lost.

Thys faythfull and valyaunt souldiour of God, Thomas Tomkyns, after he had remayned a certaine space in prison, about the eyghte daye of February, was brought with certayne other before Bonner, sitting in his consistory, to be examined. To whom first was brought fourth a certayne bil or schedule subscribed, as it apeared with his owne hand, the fyfte day of the same moneth last before, cōteining these words following.

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Thomas Tomkins of Shordich, and of the diocesse of London, hath beleued, and doth beleue, that in the Sacrament of the aultar, vnder the forme of bread and wine, there is not the very body and bloud of our sauiour Iesus Christ in substaunce, but onely a token and a remembraunce thereof, the verye bodye and bloud of Christ onely being in heauen and no where els. By me Thomas Tomkins.

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WHereupon he was asked: whether he did acknowledge the same subscription, to

be of his owne hand. To the which he graunted, confessing it so to be. This being don, the Byshop went about to perswade hym, (with words, rather thē with reasons) to relinquish his opinions, and to return agayne to the vnity of the Catholicke church, promysing if he would so do, to remytt all that was past. But he constantly denyed so to do. When the Byshop sawe he could not so peruince hym, he brought forth and red to him another writing contayning articles & interrogatories, whervnto he shoulde come the next day & answer. In the meane tyme he should deliberate with him selfe what to do, and so the next day, being the. ix. day of March, at eyght of the clocke in the mornynge, to bee present in the same place agayn, to geue hys determinate answer what he would do therein, and then eyther to reuoke and reclayme hym selfe, or els in the after noone the same daye to come agayne and haue iustice (as hee called it) ministred vnto him, the copy of which articles here foloweth

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¶ The articles obiected against Thomas Tōkins as it was with his own hand vnder wryt & ministred the eighte day of February 1555. in the consistorye at Paules in London. 
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This document is reprinted from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now lost.

THou dooste beleue that in the Sacrament of the aulter vnder the formes of breade and wyne there is not, by the omnipotent power of almightye God, and his holy woorde, reallye, truely and in very deede the very true and naturall bodye of oure sauyoure Iesus Christ, as touchynge the substaunce thereof whyche was conceyued in the wombe of the virgin Mary, and hanged vpon the crosse, suffringe passion and deathe there for the life of the worlde.

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I do so beleue.

Thou doest beleue that after the consecration of the breade and wine, prepared for the vse of the sacrament of the altar there dothe remayne the verye substaunce of materiall breade and material wyne, not changed nor altered in substaunce by the power of almightye God, but remayninge as it did before.

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I do so beleue.

Thou doest beleue that it is an vntrewe doctrine and a fals belefe to thinke or say that in the sacramente of the aultar there is after the consecration of the breade and wyne the substaūce of Christes natural body and blood by the omnypotent power of allmightye God and his holye woorde.

I do so beleue.

Thou doest beleue that thy parentes, kinsfolkes, frendes, and acquaintaunce, and also thy Godfathers and Godmothers, and al people did erre, and were deceyued, if they did beleue that in the sacrament of the altar, there was after the consecration the bodye & bloude of Christ, and that there did not remayne the

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