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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1173 [114]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

Yet among all the rest there is none in my iudgement, that hath bene more frutefull of godly martyrs, then hath Essex, 

Commentary  *  Close

Praise of Essex as the county most fruitful in producing martyrs follows in the 1563 edition. This was dropped in subsequent editions, probably because Foxe became more aware of the contributions of the counties of Kent and Sussex. (Kent has the dubious distinction of being the countywith the most martyrs executed).

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from whence (as there were many other, of whom in theyr tyme mencion shalbe made) so there came two amonges the rest, that were notable, being descended of worshipfull stocke: the one called Thomas Higbe of the parish of Hornden hill the other Thomas Cawson of the parish of Thunderst, who was the elder man, both being welthy and in florishing estate of riches, but much more flourishynge in godlynes. Wherfore when they shone so bright in vertue and godlynes, they coulde not long be vnseen, or hydden in so greate obscuryty & darknes of these tymes, and at last being betrayd (I knowe not by what occasyon) and taken, they were both committed to the officers of Colchester to be saufly kept. And with thē was a seruaunte of Thomas Cawson, 
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This was Henry Wye, who would later be martyred himself.

who in thys prayse of christian godlynes, was nothing inferyour to hys Maister. This shier of Essex was in the Dioces of Bonner, the Byshop of London, which at that tyme (by reason of their worshipfull estate, and fauour of the people, and bycause they were of greate estymacyon amonges theyr countrymen, lest any tumulte shoud therby arise) came thither hym selfe, not without a mete company of his seruauntes to ayde yf neede were. Thither al so amonge the rest came Fecknam, (which a litell while after was chosen Abbot of Westmynster) to this entent: that either by his craftynes of perswasion, or els through the famyliarity that some time he had with Maister Cawson, he mighte preuaile somwhat with him. 
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A description of Feckenham trying to convert Higbed and Causton was printed in the 1563 edition and subsequently dropped. It does appear that Foxe was trying to shorten this narrative in the 1570 edition; perhaps this concern was related to a shortage of paper for this edition (see Evenden and Freeman, pp.37-39).

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In which matter neither of them did fail in his parte: thone in perswading, thother in resisting. But the honesty of the one exceded the importunity of the other, the one beinge stronger in reteyning his old faith, then the other in perswading a new fayth. The rest also assayed, by what soeuer might be done by any man, by fayre meanes, by threateninges, by large promyses, and flatteringe wordes. At the length when they preuayled nothing, they cam to this point: that they desyred some tyme to consult with them selues, what were best to be done. Which thing put the godly in no smal feare, doubting least any thing would happen in the meane tyme, whereby either their constancy fayling thē, or through weaknes being deceaued (as we are all men) they would haue geuen ouer. But so farre of was it that this tyme of truce should dimynyshe any parte of theyr noble constancy, that rather they seemed to haue gathered muche moore strength therby. When the tyme appoynted, for them to delyberate was expired, being demaunded whether they stode still in the same mynde and opinion: they mayntayned their

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fayth and doctrine with such testimonies (setting also theire confession in writinge) that their aduersaries, being beaten of with their great shame, their frendes conceaued no smal confidence of them: in so much that the Byshop would not suffer thē to tary any lengar there, but he departing thense, caryed them both to London with him, and with them certayne others which that time also were there prisoners. Thus the Byshop came home to London, leading with hym these godly men, as in a solemne triumphe, 

Commentary  *  Close

A description of Bonner riding in triumph through London, which was here in 1563, was subsequently dropped. It has been hypothesized that Foxe toned down his rhetoric in the the 1570 edition (see Alaister Fox) and this would appear to supply confirmation of this theory.

and after he had cōmytted them to most straight prisonne, he tēpted them by dyuers chapleynes of hys owne sorte, that they would chaunge their opinion, and come to the vnyty of the popish fayth, examyning them also dyuers tymes of dyuers articles, to the which howe they answered ye shal hereafter se. At length after much and sūdry assailings, whē nothing could be brought to passe as they would, and after so many mōthes labour n vaine, they wer both broughte before the Byshop and other his colleages in the consistory at Pawles, the. xvii. day of February, Anno. 1555.  
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of the sessions in Consistory Court, together with the articles charged againt Causton and Higbed, and their answers, are taken from Bishop Bonner's official records, probably a court book which has now been lost.

Where they wer demaunded aswel by the sayd Byshop, as also by the B. of Bath and others, whether they woulde recant theyr errors, and peruerse doctrine (as they termed it) and so come to the vnity of the popish Church. Which when they refused to do, the Byshop red vnto them, seuerally certeyne articles, and gaue them respyt vntill the next day, to answer vnto the same, and so committed them agayne to prison.

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The nexte daye followynge, beinge the xxviii. daye of February at after none, the said Thomas Cawston, and Thomas Higbedde were brought before the Byshop in the consistory, and there were seuerally required, by Doctor Harpesfield and Doctor Smyth, Glasier, and White, Bachelers of Diuinity, to recant theyr forsayd doctrine, and specyally to acknowledge the veryty of Christes presence in the sacrament of the altar. To whome they answered, that Christes body is not in the sacrament of the alter: and as touching transubstantiation, they knew that the scripture did not allowe it. Then dyd the Byshop openly obiecte, and read vnto them certayne articles to the which they answered seuerally, eche in his course. And after many faire & flattreing perswasions to them, cōmaunded them to appeare agayne the next daye in the same place and there to heare the sentence of the lawe to procede farther agaynste them, if they woulde not then recant.

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Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of the sessions in Consistory Court, together with the articles charged againt Causton and Higbed, and their answers, are taken from Bishop Bonner's official records, probably a court book which has now been lost.

The next daye, being fryday, and the first day of March were the sayd Thomas Cawstone, and Thomas Higbed called to theyr sondry appearances before the Byshop, and others, in hys consistory, where he sayd vnto

them
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