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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1179 [1110]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

 

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The conquering of affection and love was an important part of the stoicism which was expected of the martyrs (see Collinson [1983]). Foxe describes martyrs such as John Rogers and Rawlins White refusing to allow the sight of their families to dissaude them from martyrdom. The Hunter family supplied Foxe with an opportunity to stress this domestic stoicism from another angle, that of the martyrs' families.

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Let Parentes also hereby learne, what is to be done, not onely in theyr Chyldren, but also in them selues, yf neede at anye tyme require, that godlynes shoulde demaunde the dutye of a Christian man, agaynste naturall affection.

 

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Foxe's deletion of the passages from his later editions does not indicate that he felt that the topic was unimportant, but it reflects the need to accommodate the considerable detail which Robert Hunter would supply about his brother.

Nature is a stronge thinge, I must nedes confesse and almost inuincible: And among al the affections of nature, there is none, that is so depely graued in a Fathers mynde, as the loue and tender affection towards hys Children, that is as you would saye, towardes his owne bowelles. By which affection, wee see many, yea rather infinit parentes that are ouercome: but of them that ouer come it, very fewe or rather none: so much the more therfore am I moued, not to passe ouer in thys place, such notable and singular godlynes of these parentes: who whē they saw theyr sonne led toward the fyre, dyd not folow hym with lamentatiō, neyther labored by theyre words to draw hym from his godly purpose, neyther tooke pyty of hys fortune, but (setting a syde al priuate affection of natural loue, forgetting nature, and as it wer, forgetting them selues, neyther yet folowing that common affection of parētes at this day, but the example of that holye mother of the Machabees 
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See 2 Maccabees 7: 20-29. Brad Gregory has described the importance of the Maccabees as models for early modern martyrs (Gregory, pp. 67, 109, 157, 221 and 280).

) encouraged theyr sonne as much as they could, and reioysyng with wonderful gladnes, exhorted hym to go through valeauntly: insomuch, that whē he was readye to suffer death, eyther of them drinkyng vnto hym, reioysed ouer hym, and confirmed hym in the Lord. And here truely I cannot tel, whether I should rather praise the vertue of the sonne, or of the Parents. For he in dede dyed wyth great constancy, and after he had recited the. 84. psalme, as he was a dying, doubtles obtayned the crowne of blessed martirdome. But no lesse constancye (as I thinke) appeared in them: and they ar no les to be compted Martirs, in the martirdome of theyr son. For he offring his body to tormēts, with great prayse ouercame the tormentors, the tormentes, and the tyrantes: & they wyth no lesse prayse, ouercame their own natures, offryng to the Lord a mynde no lesse constant and strong, then he dyd, and perchaunce felt no lesse tormentes inwardly, then he dyd outwardlye. He broylyng in the myddest of the flame, suffred hys lyfe to be taken from him, not without cruel tormēt: and they also with no lesse torment, suffred their sonne to be taken from them. On both sydes, the strengthe of the spirite, the feruent heate of godlynes, & the loue of Christ, ouercame al the torments: & therefore I thought the praise of the sonne, could not wel be recorded wythout the cōmendation of the Parentes. For, as he dying for the Gospell, hathe lefte behynde hym in the church a strong and euident testimony, to con

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firme the doctine of the Gospell: so they, to confirme a gospellyke lyfe, haue geuen an example woorthy to be folowed of al men.

And nowe farther, to dyscourse the whole vsage and handelyng of the sayde Wyllyam Hunter, before the Byshoppe of London, and other hys assistauntes, in the Consistorye of Paules, as we fynde registred in record: foras much as the sayd Hunter was at all times brought, to be examined before the sayde Byshop, wyth Thomas Tomkyns, of whom we haue last wrytten: and there had the same articles, reasons, and perswasions obiected, and made against him, as had the sayd Tomkins: I thinke it good to omyt the superfluous repeticion thereof, and to referre the Reader to the same examinations, wher he may at large see the obiections and answers, aswell of the one, as of the other: sauyng that vpon the. ix. day of Februarye, beyng the seconde daye of theyr appearaunce, the Byshop of London vsed these woordes onely vnto Hunger: You know what communication you and I hadde here yesterday, tending onely to thys ende, to bryng you from heresy. Howe saye you? wyll you abiure and go from your errours and heresies, and returne to the Catholicke church? To whom Wylliam Hunter answered, no: For that I haue sayd, I wyl stand vnto. And as for the fayth of your Catholicke Church, I cannot skyl of it: & he said further, that it was a false doctrine and beliefe, to beleue that Christes true body is in the Sacramēt. For Christes true and naturall bodye is in heauen, and no where els, and there sytteth on the ryghte hande of the father: and that hys frendes and kynsfolkes, beyng now deade, were deceaued, if they otherwyse dyd beleue and thynke.

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Agayne, at after noone the same daye, beynge wylled earnestlye to recant (as also the rest were,) he said: I am perswaded that mine opinion is is no heresye, and therefore I wyll neuer go from mine opinions, that I haue confessed, so longe as I lyue. Nor I can not perswade my selfe to go from the truthe that is taught me, and I wyl continue in the same so long as I lyue: for if I doo otherwyse, I shall peryshe both body and soule: and I had rather my body to perysh, then my soule. Whereupon the sayde William Hunter receaued there at the Byshops handes, hys sentence of condemnation, and was also caryed to Newegate, wyth the sayde Thomas Tomkyns, where he remayned vntyll the. 25. daye of the same moneth of Marche, at whyche tyme he was caryed vnto Burndwood, and there suffryng hys bodye to bee consumed wyth fyre, yelded moste ioyfullye hys soule into the handes of almyghty God, as a most constant Martyr of hys.

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