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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1209 []

The description of the burning of Iohn VVarne and Iohn Cardmaker.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
In a faithful transcription of Foxe's text, the woodcut shows John Cardmaker talking to 'the sheriffs', with John Warne already bound to the stake. The admonition in his banderole (recut, changing 'idolatry' to 'idolatrie' in 1576) is the equivalent of a sermon text: 'Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry', 1 Cor. 10:14). The crowd, anxious lest Cardmaker might make a last minute recantation, is focused on Warne's words, while the pointing official on the right seems to indicate that the decision still hung in the balance. The woodcut suggests the difference in age between Warne, aged 29, and Cardmaker, who had been a friar before the Dissolution.

The confession of the faith of Iohn VVarne citizen of London, vvhich he did vvrite the day before he vvas burned. the xxx. of May. M.D.L.V. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe apparently had a copy of this document when he was writing the Rerum, since he states that Warne wrote such a confession of faith on p. 443. If this is the case, than Warne's confession circulated among Marian protestants and was notobtained from an official record.

I beleue in god the father almighty maker of heauen and earth.

A Father, for because he is þe father of our lord Iesus Christ, who is þe euerlastīg word, whō before al worldes he hath begotten of himself, which word was made flesh, & therin also manifested to be his son. In whō he hath adopted vs to be his childrē, the inheritors of his kingdom, & therfore is he our father. An almighty god, because he hath out of inuisible thinges created al things visible in heauen and in earth, euen all creatures conteyned therin, & gouerneth them.

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And in Iesus Christ his only sonne our Lorde.

The eternal worde, perfect god wt his father, of equal power in al things, of þe same substāce, of like glory, by whō al things were made, & haue life, & without whō nothīg liueth: he was made also perfect mā, & so being very god & very man in one person, is the only sauiour, redemer, and ransomer of them, which wer lost in Adam our forfather. He is þe only meane of our deliuerāce þe hope of our helth, the surety of our saluation.

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VVhich vvas conceiued by the holy ghost, borne of the virgin Mary. 

Commentary  *  Close

This point, that Christ was born of Mary, is particularly important because it establishes that the martyr was not an Anabaptist. Orthodox protestants, like Foxe, would have been eager to make this point.

According to þe fathers most merciful promise this eternal son of god, forsaking the heauenly glory, humbled himself to take flesh of a virgin, according to the scriptures, vniting the substāce of the godhead, to the substance of the manhead which he toke of the substance of that blessed vir

gin Mary, in one person, to become therein the very Mashiach, the anointed king and priest, for euer appointed to pacifie þe fathers wrath, which was iustly gone out against vs all for our sinne.

Suffred vnder Pontius Pilate vvas crucified, dead, and buried and descended into hell.

He was arrained before Pontius Pilate, þe ruler of Iury, & so vniustly accused of mani crimes þt the ruler iudged him innocēt, & sought means to deliuer him. But contrary, to known iustice he did let go Barrabas, which had deserued deth & deliuered Christ to be crucified, who deserued no deth: which doth declare vnto vs manifestly þt he suffred for our sins, & was buffeted for our offēses, as þe prophets do witnes: therby to haue it manifested to al mē, þt he is þe lambe of god þt taketh away the sinnes of the world. Therfore suffring for our sins, he receiued & did bear our deserued cōdemnation, the pains of deth, the taste of abiection, the very terror of hell, yelding hys spirit to his father, his body to be buried in erth.

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The third day he rose again from death to life.

To make ful & perfect the whole work of our redēption & iustification, þe same crucified body which was laid in þe graue, was raised vp again the third day from deth by þe power of his father & glory of his godhed: he became the first fruits of þe resurrection, & did get the victory of deth, þt al by him might be raised vp frō deth. Through whom al true penitent sinners may now boldly come vnto the father & haue remissiō of our sins.

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He ascended into heauen and sitteth on the right hand of god the father almighty.

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