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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1232 [1163]

¶ A letter sent by certayne Iustices in Essex to Bonner byshop of London. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

AFter our most hartie commendations to your good Lordshippe, these shalbe to aduertise you that at our Sessions of Oyer and terminer, holden at Chelmysforde, the. xxvi. day of April last past, there came before vs in open Court one Thomas Wattes of Billerica within your dioces by ordinarye processe, and then and there beinge examined, why he refused to come to hys parishe churche, and ther to receyue the sacramente of the aulter, and here diuine seruice, accordinge to the institution of holy churche, he openlye there aunswered generally, that like as the seruice of the church, set out in the daies of the late Kyng Edward the syxt, was said by vs nowe to be abhominable, heretical, schismaticall, and all nought: So he saide that all that is now vsed and done in the churche is abhominable, heretical, schismatical, and al nought, with dyuers other erroneus and arrogant woordes: And therfore we haue thoughte good to sende him to your Lordship, to be further examined by you of his particular opynions, as to your pastoral office shal seme conuenient, certifiyng you further, that in our opiniō he is one of the most arrogant heretickes that hath bene herd speake, or euer came before you, and not mete to be kept here in anye Gaole, aswell for feare of corrupting others, as for diuers and sondry other speciall causes hereafter to be more declared. Thus leauing to molest your good Lordship, we commit you to the holy ghost. Geuen at Chemysford the. xxvii. daye of April, anno domini. 1555.

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Your good Lordships most assured
R. Rich. Henry. Tirrell. Antony Browen.
Edmond Tirrell. T. Myldman. Iohn wisemā
Roger Appleton. Richard weston.

NOw when the Bishop had receiued him, how he vsed him yt is easye (by his common experimented practises vpon others) to iudge. What his priuate conferences were I know not: but what was publikely don in the Consistorye at Paules (the common stage for these tragedies) you shall here see.

 

Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

First vpon Thursdaye, beynge the seconde day of May, the sayde Thomas Wats was brought thither before the Bishop of London and being examined vpon his woordes had before the lord Rich & others (as is conteined in their letters) he did earnestly affirme the same to be true. Whereupon the byshop obiected & examined hym vpon these articles following, to the which he answered, as also followeth.

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¶ Articles obiected against Thomas Wats of Byllerica in the countey of Essex, wythin the dioces of London, by Bonner byshop there, as ensueth. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

Marginalia1FIrst it is obiected agaynst thee Thomas Wats, that thou the said Thomas Wats, wast & art of Billerica afore said, making thine abode there, and so wast and art of the iurisdiction of me

the said Byshop of London.

Marginalia2.Item, that thou the saide Thomas Wattes hast not beleued, nor at this present doest beleue in the Sacrament of the holy and Catholicke church, as the Catholik church of Rome and all others churches members of the same euer hytherto haue beleued, taught, and sette foorth, to be beleued and taughte of all good and faithfull people, nor hast or doest allowe the said Sacramentes, Rites, vsages, or Ceremonies of the said church, but hast and doest contempne and despise them, thinkyng it no offense or synne so to do.

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Marginalia3Item, that thou the sayde Thomas Wats doest beleue, and deliberatly say, and also hast taught others: that MarginaliaThe substaunce of the Sacrament.the substaunce of materyal bread and wyne do remayne in the sacrament of the aultar, after the consecration, and that the sayd material bread & wyne are the signes and tokens of Christes body hanged vpon the crosse, and of his bloud there shed, and that in the sayd sacrament there is onely a memorye or remembraunce of Christes body and bloud and nothyng els.

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Marginalia4.Item, that thou the sayde Thomas Wats doest beleue, hast also heretofore taughte, and doest precisely affirme, that the verye true presence of Christes body and bloud in substance, is not in the sacrament of the aultar, but onely in heauen, and no where els.

Marginalia5.Item, that thou Thomas Wats doest beleue, affirme and say, & hast heretofore taught others, that the Masse now vsed in the church of Rome, here in England, and other places, is ful of idolatry, abhomination and wyckednes, and that Christe dyd neuer institute it, or ordayne it, nor yet allowe or approue it as a good and lawdable thyng, to be kept and vsed in hys Churche.

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Marginalia6.Item, that thou Thomas Wats doest beleue and affirme. &c. that MarginaliaConfession to God.auricular confession to be made vnto the Prieste, is not necessarye, but superfluous: and that it is inough for a mā to beleue onely, and to confesse hym selfe vnto God, without any Priest, or Minister, at any tyme, though he may haue the Prieste to confesse hym vnto.

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Marginalia7.Item, that thou Thomas Wats doest beleue. &c. that Luther, Wycklyffe, D. Barnes, and al others that haue holden against the sacrament of the aulter, and suffered deathe by fire, or otherwise for the maintenaunce of the sayde opinion, were good men, and faythfull seruauntes and martirs of Christe in so beleuyng and dying.

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Marginalia8.Item, that thou Thomas Wats doest beleue &c. that to fast, pray, or to do almes dedes, is a thing vtterlye vnprofitable: for if a man shalbe saued, he shalbe saued without doynge of them: and if he shall be dampned, they shall not help hym, or do hym any good at all.

Item,
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