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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1234 [1165]

that the Byshop of Rome is a mortall enemy to Christ and his church. And for the sayd Tolye named in the sayd article, he sayth he dyd neuer see or know hym: but in case the sayde Toly dyd wishe and praye, as is conteyned in this article, then he doth likewyse wishe, and consent with hym therin.

To the xii. he answereth and beleueth, that all, that before he hath confessed to be true, is also true: and all that he hath denyed to be true he denieth agayne to be true, and beleueth the same to be according to such thinges as hee hath confessed.

By me Thomas Wattes

 

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The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

THese articles thus propounded and answered, the byshop cōmaunded hym to appeare agayne in the same place, at three of the clocke in the after none vpon the same daye. At which houre, being brought thither by his keper, the bishop began with him in this wise. Wattes, ye knowe what I saide vnto you to day, and what I appoynted vnto you at this tyme: the time is now come: way and consider with your selfe, that you are but a man: and albeit that ye wil wilfully cast a way your body, yet cast not so away your soule, but while ye haue tyme, return, and cōfesse the truthe.

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Whereunto Thomas Wattes answered and sayde: I am weary to lyue in suche ydolatry, as ye would haue me to lyue in. Vpon which aunswere the Byshop caused hys articles agayne to be red: he therto answered as before, and farther subscribed the same with his owne hand.

The Byshoppe, aftre manye perswasions to cause hym to recant, wylled hym to departe as then, and to come agayne on Saterdaye, at eyghte of the clocke in the morning. Where (the Byshoppe beynge absent) Doctour Nicholas Harpesfielde, as then being his deputye, 

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Nicholas Harpsfield was the archdeacon of Canterbury, but he was also the vicar-general of the diocese of London. In Wats's case, he is acting in the latter capacity.

dyd syt and earnestlye exhorted hym to denye hys opinions. To whom in the ende he answered.

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Well ye haue a lawe to condempne me, and I submit my sefe to the lawe: but not to the lawes of the Churche (as you cal it.) And farther I dooe affirme, and wyll stande to myne answers that I haue made.

Wherupon Doctor Harpesfeld willed hym to appeare ther againe vpon fryday being the tenth day of the same moneth of May. Vpon which daye the byshop pryuately sent for the sayd Thomas Wattes into hys chamber, & there with many faire promises tempted and tryed hym, whether he would reuoke hys errors (as he then termed them): but Wattes answered hym in this sorte: I wyll not beleue your church, nether the Romysh church, and therfore you do but labour in vayne thus to trauayle wyth me. He was here vpon againe

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dismyssed for that tyme, vntill Frydaye the xvii. day of May, and then commaunded to appere in the consistory, which commaundement he obeyed, and hauing the accustomed former orders ministred vnto hym, made then suche answers as before.

Thus being toste to and fro, from daye to daye, and houre to houre: he was at the laste, the. xviii. daye of the moneth of Maye, brought into the Consistory, wher was propounded vnto hym a recytall of all the former processe: and being (by the byshop & others) willed to deny his profession, made this final answer. God kepe me from the doctrine, that ye would haue me come vnto, which ye haue now declared. And I besech God that I maye perseuer in that, that I haue done: for I wyll stand to myne answers.

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The Byshoppe perceauynge hys fayre flatterynge promyses nothynge to preuayle, (and hauynge no great store of other reasons to perswade with) put foorthe hys laste and strongest argument of condempnacion, whiche beynge ended, hee was delyuered to the Shyryffes of London, and by them was sent to Newegate, where hee remayned vntyll the ninth daye of Iune, at what tyme he was caryed vnto Chelmesforde, and there the nexte daye, being the tenth daye of the same moneth, hee moste pacientlye and constantlye sealed hys fayth with his bloude, by moste cruell fyre.

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This examination appeared at the end of the account of Wats's martyrdom, indicating that it came from another source than the other material. It is clearly written by a spectator, or more probably, Wats himself and not taken from an official record.

When thys sayd Thomas Wattes came before the Lord Rych, and other the Iustices whose names are specified in a letter before, (which they sente vnto the byshop of London against him) at the Sessions at Chelmesford, the Lord Rich sayd these wordes, or the like in effect vnto hym.

Wattes, ye be broughte hither (as I vnderstande) because of disobedience to the King, & Quenes lawes: ye wyll not come to churche, ye wyll not heare Masse. &c. but haue your conuenticles a sort of you in corners, contrary to the king, and Quenes procedinges: vnto which his wordes Wattes answered and sayde.

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My Lorde, if I haue offended a law, I am subiect here to the lawe. Then Anthonye Browne Iustice sayd vnto hym: Wattes, I praye the tell me, who hath beene thy schole maister to teach thee thys geare, or wheare didest thou firste learne thys religion? For soth (quod Wattes) euen of you sir: you taught it me, and none more then you. For in Kinge Edwardes dayes in open Sessions, you spake agaynst thys religion now vsed, no Preacher more: you then sayd, the masse was abhominable, and al theyr trompery besides wishing and earnestly exhorting that none should beleue therin, and that our belefe should be one-

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