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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1244 [1175]

that tyme. In the after noone they two walking together in the kepers chamber, sodenly the kepers wife cam vp, as one halfe amased & seming much troubled, being almost windles said: Oh maister Bradford, I come to bryng you heauy newes. What is that sayd he? MarginaliaBradford hath worde of hys burnyng.Mary quod she, to morow ye must be burned, and your chain is now a bying, & soone you must go to Newgate. With that master Bradford put of his cap, & lifting vp his eyes to heauen saide: I thanke God for it. I haue looked for the same a long time, & therefore it comes not now to me sodenly, but as a thing waited for euery day & houre: the lord make me worthye therof: & so thanking her for her gentlenes, departed vp into his chamber, & called his friend with him, which when he came ther, he went secretlye him selfe alone a long time & prayed, which done, he came againe to him that was in his chamber, & toke him diuers writinges, & papers, and shewed him his mynde in those thinges he woulde haue done. And after they had spent the afternone til night, in many sūdry suche thynges, at last came to him halfe a dosen of his frendes more, with whom all the euening he spent the time in prayer and other good exercises, so wonderful, that it was maruelous to heare & see his doinges. A lytle before he went out of the Coūter, he made a notable prayer of his farewel, with such plenty of teares, & aboundant spirit of prayer, that it rauished the mindes of the hearers. Also, whē he shifted him selfe wyth a cleane shirte, 

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As with so many of the Marian martyrs, we see here a concern with their appearance at their execution.

that was made for his burnynge (by one mayster Water Marlowes wyfe, who was a good Nurse vnto him, & his verye good frende)  
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In February 1555, Bradford wrote a devotional work for Mary Marler, on the passion of Christ, to help her through the pains of bearing a child (ECL 260, fos. 180r-181r and ECL 262, fos. 227r-228v. This material is printed in Bradford [PS], I, pp. 196-99 and II, pp. 181-82.

he made such a prayer of the wedding garment, that some of those that were present, dyd so maruel with great admiratiō, that their eyes wer as throughly occupied in loking on him, as their eares gaue place to heare hys prayer. MarginaliaBradfords going from the counterAt his departing out of the chamber, he made likewise a prayer, & gaue money to euery seruaunt & officer of the house, with exhortacion to them to feare & serue God, & continuallye labouring to eschew euyl. That done, he turned him to the wal, & praied vehemētly, that his wordes might not be spoken in vaine, but that the lord would worke the same in them effectually, for his Christes sake. Then beyng beneath in the court, al þe prisoners cryed out to him, and bad him farewel, as the rest of the house had done before with weepyng teares. The tyme they caryed him to Newgate, was about a. xi. &. xii. a clocke in the night, when it was thought none would be sturring abrod: MarginaliaThe tyme that Bradforde was caryed to Newgate. & yet contrary to their expectation in that behalfe, was there in chepe syde & other places (betwene the Counter & Newgate) a great multitude of people, that came to see hym, which most gently bad him farewell, praying

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for him, with moste lamentable and pytyfull teares, MarginaliaPeople in cheape syde bad Bradforde farewel. and he againe as gently bad them fare wel, praying most hartely for them, and their well doinges. Nowe, whether it were a commaundement from the Quene & her Coūsel, or from Boner & his adherentes, or whether it were merely the deuise of the Lord Maior, Aldermen, & Shiriffes of London, or no, I cā not tel: but a great noise ther was ouer night about the city by diuers, that Bradford shuld be burnt the next day in Smithfield, MarginaliaA noyse of Bradfords earlye burnyng. by. iiii. a clock in the morning, before it shuld be greatly knowen to any.  

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This is an interesting indication that the burnings of heretics were beginning to provoke a backlash of sympathy for the martyrs, at least in London. At first, the Marian authorities wanted the maximum publicity for the execution of heretics; Hooper, for example, was burned on market day in Gloucester. Now they were beginning to want less publicity, and more importantly, fewer people at the executions.By the beginning of 1556, the authorities imposed a series of measures restricting the numbers of spectators at executions and, in particular, banning apprentices, servants and young people from attending them (Brigden, p. 605).

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In which rumour, manye heades had diuers mindes therin: some thynking the cause therof to be for feare of the people. Other thought nay, that it was rather because the Papistes iudged his death woulde cōuert many to the truth, & geue a great ouer throwe to their kyngdome. So some thought one thing, & some another, that no iust coniecture of the cause coulde be knowen, that euer I heard yet. But this was certain, the people preuēted the deuise suspected: for the next day, at the said houre of. 4. a clock in the morning MarginaliaA multitude in smythfeld by. 4 a clocke.there was in Smithfield such a multitude of men and wemen, 
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It is also true that there was a formidable crowd present at Bradford's execution; one of his supporters, Mary Honeywood, lost her shoes pressing through the crowd to get close to Bradford and had to leave Smithfield barefoot (Thomas Fuller, The History of the Worthies of England, ed. P. Austin Nuttall [3 vols., Oxford, 1849], II, pp. 158-59).

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that many being in admiration thereof, thought it was not possible, that they could haue warning of his death, beyng so great a nomber, in so short a tyme, vnlesse it were by the singuler prouidence of almighty God.  
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This is an underestimation of the protestant rumourmill. Bradford had already heard of his imminent execution shortly beforehand and he asked Augustine Bernher to try to learn from Sir William Chester, the sheriff of London, the time at which his execution would take place. Thanks to such well-placed sympathisers, Bradford and friends and supporters had ample opportunity to learn when and where he would die.

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Wel, this toke not as þe people thought: for that morning it was. ix. a clock of the daye, before M. Bradforde was brought into Smithfield: MarginaliaBradforde goyng too Smithfeldwhich in going thorow Newgat thetherwarde, spyed a frende of his, whom he loued, standing on the one syde of the way, to the kepers houseward, vnto whom he retched his hand ouer the people, & pluct him to hym, & delyuered to him from his head, hys veluet nightcap, MarginaliaBradforde gaue hys nightcappe away. & also his handkerchief, wyth other thinges besydes. Whych after a little secrete talke with him, and eche of them partyng frō other, immediatelye came to him a brother in law of his, called George Beastwick, whych as sone as he had taken the said Bradford by the hand, one of the shirifes of London called Woodrofe, cam with his staffe & brake þe said Georges head, MarginaliaBradfords brother in lawes head broken. that the bloude ran about hys shoulders. Which sight Bradforde beholding wt grefe, bad his brother farwel, willing to cōmend him to his mother, & the rest of his frendes, & to get him to some Barbor or Surgion betimes: so they departing, had litle or no talk at al togethers. Then was he ledde foorth to Smithfielde, with a great companye of weaponed men to conduct him thether, as the like was not sene before at no mans burnyng: for in euery corner of Smithfield ther wer some, besydes those at the stake.  
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The vast number of armed men present at Bradford's execution is another indication of how concerned the authorities were about the crowd.

And beyng there at the stake, falling flat to the ground, secretely making his praiers to almighty God, he rose,

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puttyng
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