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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1311 [1242]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

ment of the Altar, since the Coronation of the Quenes Maiesty, which is more then the space of one yere and a halfe.

Marginalia7Item I dooe lykewyse obiect, that ye and euery of you in all or some of the sayde places concernynge the Fayth and Religion nowe taught, set foorth, vsed, and beleued, in the Churche of thys Realme of Englande, and the Doctrine of the same, haue holden, beleued and saide, that it is not agreable to Goddes woorde, but cleane contrary to the same.

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Marginalia8Item, I dooe lykewyse obiect, that ye and euery of you, in all, or some of the sayde places, haue beleued spoken and sayde, and to your power, vpholden, maynteyned and saide, that Byshoppe Hooper, Cardmaker, Rogers, and others of theyr opinion, whyche of late within thys Realme were burnt for Heresye, were good Christian menne, in speaking and holdyng agaynste the sayde Sacrament of the Altar, and that they dyd preache nothing, but the true Doctryne of Chryst, sheddyng theyr bloude for the maynteinaunce of the sayd Doctrine.

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Marginalia9Item, I dooe lykewyse obiect, that ye and euery of you, haue earnestly laboured and trauayled to the best and vttermost of your power, to haue vp again the Englishe seruice, and the Communion in all pointes, as it was vsed in the latter dayes of Kynge Edwarde the syxth, here in thys Realme of England.

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Marginalia10Item, I dooe lykewyse obiect, that ye and euery of you, haue thought and dooe thynke, firmely, and stedfastly, and so haue and dooe beleue, that the Fayth, Religion & Doctrine, sette foorth in the sayde tyme of the foresayde kyng Edward, was in all poyntes good and Godlye, conteynyng in it, the true Faith and Religion of Christ, in euery part.

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Marginalia11Item, I dooe lykewyse obiect and say, that ye, and euery of you, (for your misbeliefe, offence, transgression, and misbehauiour in the premisses, and for that also that you woulde not come to youre seuerall paryshe Churches, and here your dyuine seruyce there as other Christian people did, and dooe, but absente youre selfe from the same, and haue your priuate seruice in your houses, especiallye in the house of Diricke Caruar,) were sente vp vnto the King and Queenes Maiesties priuy Counsayle, and by them, or some of theym, sente afterwarde vnto the pryson of Newgate aforesayde, hauing there by their authority, remained as prisoners, during all þe time ye haue bene there.

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Marginalia12Item, I dooe likewise obiect and say, that I the sayde Byshoppe of London, was commaunded by authority of the saide Counsayle, to make processe agaynst you, and euerye of you, MarginaliaIf ther putting to deth wer lawful by god, why do you excuse it. yf it were not lawful, why do you so at mans commaundement.so that it was not my procuryng or searching, that ye should be commaunded or cal-

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led before me, in this matter of Heresye, but partly your owne demerites, and partlye the sayde commaundemente enforced me to call and sende for you, to make aunswere herein, and hereof to shewe you the sayde Letters.

¶ Vppon Monday, being the sayd tenth daye of Iune, 

Commentary  *  Close

The account of Carver's final examination is probably derived from personal testimony and not official records.

these twoo persons (with others) wer brought by the keper vnto the Byshoppes consistorye, (as it was before commaunded) at one of the Clocke in the after noone. Where the Bishoppe first beginning with the sayde Dyricke Caruer: caused his confession with tharticles and aunsweres, to be openly redde vnto hym. (Whiche order he kept at the condempnation of euerye prisoner) askyng him, whether he would stande to the same. To whom the sayde Dyricke aunswered, that he would: for your Doctrine (quod he) is poyson and Sorcerye. If Christ were here, you would put him to a worse death, then he was put to before. You say, that you can make a GOD: ye can make a puddyng as well. Youre Ceremonyes in the Church be all beggary and poyson. MarginaliaThe words of Diricke Caruer, to Boner.And farther I saye, that auriculer confession is contcary to Goddes woorde, and very poysō: with diuerse other suche woordes. The Byshoppe seyng this constancye, and that neyther his accustomed flatteries, nor yet his cruell threatenynges, could once moue this good man to encline to theyr Idolatry: pronounced his vsuall and generall blessyng, as well towardes thys Diricke, as also vppon the sayde Iohn Launder (although seuerally) who (after the like maner of processe vsed with him) remayned in the same constancy, as dyd the other. and therefore were bothe delyuered vnto the Sheriffes, who were there present. but afterwardes wer conueyed to the places aboue named, and there moste ioyfullye gaue theyr bodyes to bee burned in the fier, and theyr soules into the hands of the almightye God, by Iesus Christ, who hath assured them to a better hope of lyfe.

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This Dyricke was a manne, whom the lord hadde blessed as well with temporall ryches, as with his spirituall treasures: whyche yet was no clogge or let vnto his true professinge of Christe, (the Lorde by his grace, so working in him:) of the whiche riches, there was suche hauocke made, by the gredye raueners of that tyme, that his poore wife and chyldren, had lytle or none therof. 

Commentary  *  Close

This account of the ordeals Carver's family faced, his learning to read and his execution are certainly derived from personal testimony or testimonies.

Durying his imprisonment, although he was well striken in yeares (and as it were, past the tyme of learnyng) yet he so spent his tyme, that beyng at his first apprehēsion, vtterly ignoraunt of any letter of þe boke) he could before his death, read perfectly, anye printed English.  
Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's wording - he states that Carver did not know how to read English. Remember that he was Flemish, and he may well have been literate in that language.

Whose diligence and zeale, is worthy no smal commendation, and therfore I thought it good not to let it passe ouer in silēce, for the good encouragemēt & exāple of others.

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