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134 [1236]

Actes and Monumentes of the churche

we straytly will and commaunde you, that frō henceforth you do not procead any more in collecting and exactinge suche tallages or helpes, as you wyll inioy our fauour and suche possessions of yours, as within this our kyngdome you haue and hold. And if you haue alredy procured or gathered any such thyng, yet that you suffer not the same to be trāsported out of our realme, but cause it to be kept in salfe custodye tyll the returne of the said Ambassadours, vnder the payne of our displeasure in doyng of þe contrary, and also of prouoking vs to extende our hand vpon your possessions, farther then you will thinke or beleue. Moreouer, willing and charging you, that you participate & make common this same our inhibition, with youre Archedeacons and Officials, whiche we here haue set forth for the liberties of the Clergie & of the people, as knoweth God. &c.

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At length the Ambassadours whiche were at Rome came home about the latter ende of Decēber bringing worde, þt the Pope hearing what was done in the councell of Winchester and of the king, was greatly displeased with him, and with the realme, saying: Rex Anglorum qui iam recalcitrat et frederisat suum habet consilium. ego vero et meum habeo, quod et sequar. &c. Whereupon when the Ambassadours began to speake in the kinges behalfe, from that tyme they were halfe counted for schismatikes, and could no more be hard in þe court of Rome. The king hearing this, was meruelously incensed therwith, commaunding by general ploclamatiō through all his realm, that no man should hereafter consent to anye taxe or subsidie of money for þe court of Rome. when this came to the Popes eare, vpō a cruel rage directed his letters to the prelates of England, that vnder pain of suspense or interdictiō, they would prouide the said summe of money to be collected against the feast of the Assūptiō, the charge being geuen to the byshop of Worchester to be executer of the sayd curse, the king when he intēded to stand to the liberties of the church, now for feare of the Pope, & partly for perswasions of the said B. of Worcester, and other prelates, durst not stande to it, but gaue ouer. Moreouer the gredy gulf of the Romishe auarice, waxt so vnmeasurable, that at length the Pope shamed not vpō þe censure of his curse to aske the third part of þe church goodes, & the yearly fruite of al vacant benefices. The chief doers and Legates in Englande were Otho, Stephanus Capellanus, Petrus Rubeus nuncius, Mag. Martin. & Mag. Marinus, Ioānes Anglicus Episcopus Sabinēsis. Of whō to speak further, although I haue matter much more to write, yet for this present time I thinke best to surcease, lest in opening all the detestable doyngs, and pestilent workings of those men, I myght perhaps infect the ayre, not only moleste goodeares. yet one thing cōcerning the sayd Otho, I can not well ouerpasse.

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MarginaliaA story of Cardinall Otho at Oxford.This Otho as he left no place vnsought wher any vantage might be gotte, so amongest all other he came to Oxforde, where lying in the house of Osney, was there receiued with great honor, the scholars presenting him honorably with suche dishes and rewardes as they hadde, thinking to gratifie the Cardinall after the best maner. This being done before diner, & the dinner being done, they come reuerently to see and welcome hym, supposing þt they also shold be welcome to him. As they came to the gate, the porter being an Italian, with a loud voice asketh what they would haue. They said, they came to see the L. Legate. But Cerberus the porter holding the dore half open, with proude and contumelious language thrust them out, and would not suffer them to enter. The scholars seing that, by force thrust open the gate, & came in: whome when the Romaines whiche were within, would haue repelled with theire fistes, & such stafes as they had in their hādes, they fell to alarme by the eares together. Much houing and shouing, many blowes wer on both sydes. In the meane time whyle some of the scholars ran home for their weapōs, chāched there a poore scholar, a Irishman, to stand at the gate wayting for his almoise. Whome whē the maister Coke sawe at the gate, taking out hote skalding water of the panne, where the fat meat was soden, dyd cast it in his face. One of the scholars a welcheman, that came with his bow & shaftes, seing that, letteth driue an arow, & shoteth this Nabuzardā þt is master of Cokes, clene through the body, & sleeth him out of hande. The Coke falling downe dead, there was a mightie broile, and a great clamor throughout all the house. The Cardinall hearing the tumult and great noyse about hym, lyke a valiant Romaine runneth as fast as he could into the steaple, and there locketh the doores fast vnto hym, where he remained tyl mydnight. When the night approching hadde broken vp the field, the Cardinall comminge out of his forte and takyng his horse in silēce of the night, was priuely conueyed ouer the riuer, toward the king. The scholars in þe meane whyle not yet all pacified, sought all corners about for the Legate, exclaming & crying out: where is that vsurer, that symoniake, that pillar and pollar of our liuings, that proylar and extorcioner of oure money, whiche peruerteth oure kynge, and subuerteth his kingdome, enriching him self with our spoyles &c. All this hard the Cardinall, and held his peace, cōueying him selfe away, as fast as he coulde, to the kyng. After the kyng heard this, he sendeth to Oxforde a garryson of armed men, to deliuer the Romaines, whiche were there hidden for feare of the scholars. Then was maister Odo

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a lawyer.
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