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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1447 [1378]

Actes and Monumentes of the churche

dooe a poore manne good. Whereunto maister Ridley saide: bee it in the name of GOD, and so vnlaced himselfe. Then being in his shirt, he stoode vppon the foresaide stone, and helde vppe his handes, and saide: Oh heauenly Father, I geue vnto thee moste hearty thankes, for that thou haste called me to bee a professor of thee, euen vnto deathe. I beseche thee Lorde GOD,take mercy vpon this Realme of Englande, and delyuer the same from all her enemies.

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Then the Smithe tooke a chaine of Iron, and broughte the same aboute bothe Doctoure Ridley, and maister Latimers middels. And as he was knocking in a staple, Doctour Ridley tooke the chaine in his hande, and shaked the same. for it did girde in his belly, and lookinge a side to the Smith, saide: good fellowe knocke it in harde. for the fleshe will haue his course. 

Commentary  *  Close

Ridley is asking that he be tied firmly to the stake for fear that might appear to shrink or flee from the fire, thus discrediting his cause by seeming to die without the requisite fortitude of a martyr. (On the propaganda importance of this fortitude see Collinson [1983] and Freeman [1997]).

Then his brother dyd bring him gunpowder in a Bagge, and woulde haue tyed the same aboute his necke. Maister Ridley asked what it was, his brother saide, gunnepowder. then saide hee, I take it to bee sente of GOD. therefore I wyll receuye it, as sent of him. And haue you anye saide he for my brother, meaning maister Latimer? Yea sir, that I haue (quod his brother.) Then geue it vnto hym sayde he betime,  
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Promptly, speedily.

leaste you come to late. So his brother went and caryed the same gun powder vnto maister Latimer. The meane tyme Doctoure Ridley spake vnto my Lorde Williams and saide. My Lorde, I muste bee a suter vnto youre Lordeshippe in the behalfe of dyuerse poore menne, and especiallye in the cause of my poore Sister.  
Commentary  *  Close

For the final time, a mention of Ridley's wishes that his leases of diocesan property to the Shipsides be confirmed is pulled into the narrative.

I haue made a supplication to the Queenes maiestie in theyr behalfes. I beseche youre Lordeshyppe for Christes sake, to be a meane to her grace for them. my brother here hath the supplication, and wil resorte to youre Lordeshyppe to certyfye you hereof. There is nothing in all the world that troubleth my conscience (I praise GOD,) this only excepted. Whiles I was in þe see of Lōdō, dyuers poore men tooke Leases of me, and agreed with me for the same. Now I heare say, the Bishoppe that nowe occupyeth the same rowme, wyll not allowe my grauntes vnto theim made, but contrarye vnto all lawe and conscience hathe taken from theim theyre lyuinges, and will not suffer them to enioy the same. I beseche you my Lorde be a meane  
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A mediator or intercessor.

for theim: you shall dooe a good dede, and GOD will rewarde you. Then brought they a fagot kindled with fier, and laide the same downe at Doctoure Ridleys feete: and when he sawe the fire flaming vppe towarde him, he cryed with a wonderfull loude voice. In manus tuas domine commendo spiritum meum, domine recipe spritium meum. 
Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Ridley quoting St. Luke, 23. 46. etc.
Foxe text Latin

In manus tuas domine commendo spiritum meum, domine recipe spiritum meum

Foxe text translation

[Not translated] ... Lord, Lord, receiue my spirite.

[The first time the citation from St. Luke would seem to have been cried out by Ridley in Latin, followed by another Latin phrasing of the sentiment of Ridley’s own composition (Domine, recipe spiritum meum) which was then repeated often in English (Lord receive my spirit).]

Actual text of St. Luke, 23. 46. (Vulgate)

Pater in manus tuas commendo spiritum meum.

 
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Luke 23: 46 in the Vulgate; these were Christ's last words on the cross and were often uttered by those about to be executed.

And after repeated this lat-

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ter parte often in Englishe. Lorde, Lorde, receiue my spirite. Maister Latimer crying as vehementlye on the other side, Oh Father of Heauen receiue my soule, who receuyed the flame as it were embracing it. After, as he had stroked his face with his handes, and as it wer bathed them a little in the fier, soone dyed, as it appeared with verye little payne or none. But maister Ridley by reason of the euill makinge of the fier vnto hym, because the woodden fagottes were layde about the Gorse, 

Commentary  *  Close

Gorse. A prickly shrub; here it was being used as kindling to help ignite the wood about the two martyrs.

and ouer highe builte, the fire burned first beneth, beinge kepte downe by the woode. Whyche when he felte, he desired theim for Chrystes sake to lette the fire come vnto hym.  
Commentary  *  Close

There was too much wood on top of the gorse and it partially smothered the burning gorse which did not burn hotly enough to ignite the wood. Ridley is being scorched by the burning gorse and is calling for his executioners to let the fire spread and finish him off.

Whyche when his brother in lawe hearde, but not well vnderstoode, entendynge to ridde him of hys payne, (for the whiche cause hee gaue attendaunce,) as one in suche sorrowe, not well aduised what he did, heaped fagottes vppon him, that hee cleane couered him, whiche made the fier more vehement beneathe, that it burned cleane all his neather parts, before it once touched the vpper,  
Commentary  *  Close

Shipside, with the best of intentions but calamitous results, heaped more wood on the fire which made the gorse burn hotter but which further impeded the fire from igniting the wood. Ridley was burned severely, but not fatally, below the waist while the upper part of his body (and the bags of gunpowder around his neck) were untouched.

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and that made him leape vppe and downe, vnder the fagottes, and often desyre theym to lette the fyre come vnto him, sayinge, I cannot burne, whiche in dede appeared well. for after his legges were consumed by reason of his struggelinge with the payne, (whereof he hadde no release, but onelye his contentation  
Commentary  *  Close

Acquiesence, satisfaction.

in GOD,) he shewed that syde towardes vs cleane, shirte and all vntouched with the flame: yet in all this torment he forgatte not to call vnto GOD still, hauing in his mouthe, Lorde haue mercye vppon me, intermedlynge this crye, lette the fier come vnto me, I cannot burne. In whiche pangues hee laboured tyll one of the standers by with hys Bill  
Commentary  *  Close

A bill was a long pole with a curved scythe at the end. When this was used to pull some of the logs off the top of the pile, the remaining logs finally caught fire.

pulled of the fagottes aboue, and where he espyed the fyre flame vppe, he wrested hym selfe vnto that side. And when the flame touched the gunnepowder, he was seen styrre no more, but espied burning on the other syde by maister Latimer. Whiche some saide happened, by reason that the chayne loused: other sayde that he fell ouer the chayne, by reason of the poyse of his bodye, and the weakenesse of the neather lymmes.

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Some saye that before hee was lyke to fall from the stake, hee desyred them to holde him to it with theyr Billes. Howesoeuer it was surely it moued hundredes to teares, to behold the horrible syght. For I thynke there was none, that hadde not cleane exiled all humanitie and mercye, whiche woulde not haue lamented to beholde the furye of the fyre so rage vppon theyr bodyes. Signes there were of sorrowe on euery syde. Some tooke it greuously to see theyr deathes, whose lyues they helde ful deare. Som pitied their persons, þt thought

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