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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1574 [155]


Richard Spurge.
Thomas Spurge.
George Ambrose.
Iohn Cauell.

Whether this supplication was exhibited vnto the Lorde Chauncelor or not, it is not certeinly knowen: founde it is recorded in the Registers booke, and it semeth by all likelyhood that it was deliuered: for not lōg after (the 16. daye of Ianuary) Syr Rychard Read knight, then one of the officers of the court of þe Chaūcerie, was sent vnto the Marshalsea, to examin these foure prysoners. And therfore beginnyng first with Rychard Spurge vppon certein demaundes, receiued his aunsweres, the effecte whereof was, that he with others were complayned vpon, by the persone of Bockyng, vnto the Lorde Riche, 

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One thing that this account reveals in a clear, albeit desultory way, is that Lord Rich was, in Edward VI's reign, a patron of evangelical clergy in southern Essex. For a discussion of this, see Brett Usher's article in the forthcoming John Foxe at Home and Abroad, ed. David Loades.

for that they came not vnto their paryshe churche of Bockinge, where they inhabited. And thereupon was by the said Lorde Riche, sent vnto the late Lorde Chauncelor, about the xxii. daye of Marche last past. viz. An. 1555. And farther sayd, that he came not to churche sythens the first alteration of the Englyshe seruice into Latyn, Christmas daye was then a tweluemoneth only excepte, and that, because he mislyked both the same & the masse also, as not consonaunt and agreing with Gods holy worde. Moreouer, he required that he myght not be any more examined vpō that matter, vnlesse it pleased the MarginaliaD. Heath lord Chaūcelor.Lord Chaūcelor that then was, to know his faith therin, whiche to hym he would willingly vtter.

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Thomas Spurge being then next examined, made the same aunswer in effect that the other had done: confessing that he absented hym selfe from the churche because the woorde of God was not there truly taughte, not the Sacramentes of Christe duelye mynistred, in suche sorte as was prescribed by the same woorde. And at last being examined of his beliefe concernyng their Sacrament of the altar, sayde: that if anye could accuse hym thereof, he wold then make aunswere as God had geuen hym knowledge therein.

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The lyke aunwere made George Ambrose, adding farther, that after he had redde the late Byshop of Wynchesters booke, intituled De vera obedientia, with Boners preface thereunto annexed, inueying bothe against the autoritie of the Byshop of Rome, he did muche lesse set by their doinges then before.

Iohn Cauel agreing in other matters with them, sayde: that the cause why he did forbeare the commyng to the churche was, that the persone there had preached two contrarie doctrines. For first in a sermon that he made at the Quenes first entrie to the crown, he did exhort the people to beleue the Gospell: for it was the truthe, and if they did not beleue it, they shuld be damned.

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But in a seconde sermon, he preached that the Testament was false in fourtie places. whiche cōtrarietie in him was a cause amōgst other, of his absenting from the churche.

About the fourth daie of Marche next after, was Robert Drakes also examined, who was persone of Thundersley in Essex, and had ther remayned the space of three yeares. He was first made Deacō by that godly martyr Doctor Taylor of Hadley, at the commaundement of the moste reuerent father and constant martyr Thomas Cranmer, 

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It is striking that someone at such a humble level of the church would have come to the archbishop's attention; Tyms must have been recommended to Cranmer, possibly by Rowland Taylor, possibly by Lord Rich.

late Archbyshop of Caunterbury. And within one yeare after (being the third yeare of the reigne of that most vertuous prince kyng Edwarde) he was by the sayd Archebishop and Doctor Nicholas Ridley B. of Lōdō, created & admitted minister of gods most holy word & sacraments, not after þe order then in force, but after such order as was after stablished, & was presented vnto the sayd benefice of Thundersley by the Lorde Riche, at the sute of maister Caustō, and maister Treherone.  
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Bartholomew Traheron's sponsorship of Tyms is noteworthy. Traheron was a leading evangelical but he was based in Oxford. Someone must have recommended Tyms to him. The sponsorship of Thomas Causton, a gentleman from Essex, executed for heresy in 1555 is also striking.

He was yet, now notwithstanding sent vp by the same Lord Rych, with the other before mentioned: and at his comming to the Byshop of Wynchester was by him demaūded, whether he would cōforme him self like a subiect to the lawes of this realme thē in force. To the which he sayd, he would abide all lawes that stoode with the lawes of God: and thereupon was cōmitted to pryson, where he and the reste aboue named haue remayned euer sythens.

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As for any examination of William Tyms before he came to Boner, we find none. But thus muche he confesseth in his aunswere to the eight article obiected vnto him by Boner, that he was sent vp by the Iustices of peace in Essex, as the Lord Riche and others, vnto the late byshop of Wynchester, and by him was committed to pryson in the kynges Benche.

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After these examinations thus had before syr Richard Read, the Lorde Chauncelor caused them all to be sent vnto the byshop of London, that he might in his accustomed maner proceade against them, whiche thing was not long prolonged. for the xxi. daye of Marche he caused them to be brought before him in his palace at London, and ther enquired of thē their faith vpon the sacrament of the altar, to whom they aunswered, that the body of Christe was not in the sacramēt of the altar really and corporally after the woordes of consecration spoken by the priest, by the whiche opinion they haue ben of long tyme, some later, some soner, euen as God of his mercie did call them vnto the knowledge of the Gospell. Then the Byshops Chapleyns began to reason with them, but with no great autorities either of the scriptures or of the auncient fathers, ye maye bee sure, as other their large conferences with the learned doe already declare.

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The
SSSs.iii.
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