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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
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1629 [1548]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

this place, he passed from it to Bucer, vppon whome he made suche a shamefull raylynge, that it is not possible to diffame a man more than he did, 

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This is a unique example of Foxe removing a passage critical of Andrew Perne.

saying that his doctrine gaue occasion of diuision in the common wealth, and that there was not soo greuous a myschiefe, whiche by his meanes had not been broughte into the Realme. Although all men myght perceiue by suche bookes as he hadde compyled, what maner of doctrine it was: yet notwithstanding he sayde, he knew it more perfectlye hym selfe than any did, and that he had learned it a part at the autours hande hym selfe. For at suche tyme as they hadde communication secretly among them selues, MarginaliaWhat thinges Perne accused Bucer of.he sayd that Bucer would oftentymes wyshe he myght be called by some othe rname than by the name he had: the whiche he did for this purpose, as though knowying hym selfe giltie of so greauous a cryme, he might be this meanes escape vnknowen to the worlde, and auoyd the talke that went among men of hym. Moreouer among other thynges, he tolde how Bucer held opinion, whiche thynge he shoulde confesse to him his owne selfe, that God was the author and welspryng, not onely of good but also of euyll: and that whatsoeuer was of that sorte, flowed from hym as from the head spring and maker thereof. The whiche doctrine he vpheld to be sincere: howebeit, for offendinge dyuerse mennes consciences, he durst not put it into mennes heades. Many other thynges he patched together, of lyke purport and effect, as of the supremacie of the Byshop of Rome, of the mariage of priestes, of diuorcementes, and of shamefull vsurie also, as though he had demed theim lawfull to be vsed among Christen people, with diuerse other of the same sorte. In all whiche his allegations, consderynge howe lewdely without all shame he lyed vpon Bucer, 
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This denunciation of Perne comes from the Historia vera and from Golding's Briefe treatise (sigs. G5r-G6v); Foxe was merely repeating. However, it is significant that while Foxe protected the identities of some prominent people involved in the exhumation and burning of the bodies of Bucer and Fagius, he did little to protect Perne's reputation.

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(as he wrytinges euidently declare,) he did not so muche hynder his name with raylyng vpon hym, as wynne vnto hym self an inexpiable infamie, by forging so shamefull leasinges vpon so worthy a man. But what neadeth witnesse to proue him a lyar? his own cōscience shall make as muche against hym as a number of men.

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It was reported for a truthe, and his owne familiar frendes were the bryngers vp therof, MarginaliaPernes opinion of Bucer according to his cōsciēcethat he him selfe either immediatlye after his Sermon, or els somewhat before he went to it, stryking hym selfe on the brest, and in a maner wepyng, wyshed at home at his house with all his heart, that God would graunte his soule myght euen then presentlye departe and remaine with Bucers. For he knew wel inough that his lyfe was suche, that if any man soule were worthy of heauen, he thought his inespecially to bee moste worthy.

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Whyles he was thus talkynge to the people, in the mean tyme the leaues of the church dores were couered ouer with verses: MarginaliaVerses against Bucer & Phagius. in the whiche the yong menne, to shewe their follye, whiche scarce knewe him by syght, blazed Bucers name with moste shamefull and reprochfull termes.

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Dyuerse also that were 

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The following tirade was dropped from the 1570 edition; it is an interesting example of Foxe removing some of the inflammatory passages in the Historia vera andin Golding's translation of it.

somwhat more growen in yeares, MarginaliaNo foole to the olde foole.and yet more fooles then the yong men, lyke eger curres, who had been wel serued if their legges had been brokē for their labour, barked al that they could against him. And to the entent it myght seme to be done by a great number, wherein the Papistes greatly vaunt them selues, they enticed vnto the same businesse manye that by all meanes fauoured Bucer, and that reuerenced his name, as it became them. Who notwithstandynge, to the entent that vnder this pretext they myght escape their crueltie, full sore against their wylles fayntly and slenderly prycked at hym.

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These thynges beyng dispatched, Perne (as though he had sped his matter marueylouslye well) was for his labour of courtesie bydden to dynner to Trynitie College by the Commissioners. MarginaliaThe sentēce of condēnation sent to London with the Commissioners letters.Where after the table was taken vp, they caused the sentence of condemnation to be copied out with all spede, the whiche sygned with the Byshoppe of Westchesters seale, the next daye followynge, they sent to London with diuerse of those verses and slaunderous libelles: for so a man may call them.

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Besydes these, they sent also their owne letters, in the which they both aduertised the Cardinall howe farre they had proceaded in that matter, and also desired his grace that he wold cause to be sent out of hande to Smith the Maior of the towne, the commaundement that is of ordinarie by the lawe, MarginaliaA wryt for burning of heretiquescommonlye called a wrytte for the burnyng of Heretiques. For onelesse he hadde the Quenes warrante to saue hym harmelesse, he woulde not haue to doe in the matter. And that whiche remayned to be done in that case, coulde not bee dispatched tyll that warraunt came. Whyles this Pursiuant went on his iourney, they wylled to bee brought vnto theim the bookes that they commaunded before to bee serched out. For they determined to throwe them into the fyre with Bucer and Phagius.

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About the same tyme, Watson takyng occasion vpon the daye, because it was a hyghe feaste, in the whiche was wonte to be celebrated the memoriall of the purification of oure lady the Virgin, MarginaliaWatsons sermon vpon Cādelmas daye.made a Sermon to the people vpon that Psalme. VVe haue receyued thy mercy O Lorde, in the middest of thy temple. &c. In the whiche Sermon he spake much reproch of Bucer and Phagius, and of their doctrine.

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The description of the burning of Mayster Bucers and Paulus Phagius bones and burning of theyr bookes with a solemne procession.
woodcut [View a larger version]
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Alternative title: 1583: The order and maner of burning M Martin Bucers and Paulus Phagius bones, and also their bookes, with a solemne general procession. At Cambridge. This scene provided an opportunity to display, through the 'general procession', the rejected pomp of papal ritual, as depicted in small in the title-page. Here too we see tonsured priests processing with service-books, the holy sacrament under its canopy adorned with crosses, banners of the Trinity and (at the head) St George, the blazing torches, bell-ringing and candles all presented as comparable to a rite of pagan Rome. At the centre the burning of whole panniers of large volumes (leaves floating away in the air) emphasise the literary heritage of the two men whose boxed bones are chained to the stake. The arc of people surrounding the pyre is comparable to the woodcut of 'The solemne procession of the triumphant Church of Rome, used at the execution of poore Christians', illustrating an auto-da-fé of the Spanish inquisition in John Day's 1569 edition of Reginaldus Gonsalvius Montanus, A discovery and playne declaration of sundry subtill practises of the holy inquisition of Spayne (STC 11997). In 1569 Day also printed a Dutch edition, which was intended to carry the illustration. The English version was translated by V. Skinner with a dedication to Archbishop Parker, and the rarity of surviving copies of the large fold-out woodcut (270 x 360) is doubtless explicable by its removal for wall posting. The tipping in of Foxe's woodcut allowed such use for the Bucer-Fagius illustration, except in the 1570 edition. A relationship between the Gonsalvius woodcut and the earlier Bucer-Fagius one is made more likely by the passage of a woodcut from Day's Dutch edition into 1570, p. 1724, and by the fact that the same cutter was responsible for both the 'Solemn Procession ' and the 'Ten Persecutions' woodcut in 1570. There is also a distinct family resemblance between the two figures in the fire at the centre of the 'Solemn Procession' and Acts and Monuments burnings (e.g. small cut (f) of Type 2 with bearded martyrs wearing loin cloths). The links between these images is suggestive of Day's active participation in the illustrative programme.

He sayd
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