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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1632 [1551]

Before them al went the Bedels, cryinge to such as they met, that they should bowe them selues humblye before the hoste. If anye refused so to do, they threatned to send him foorth to the Tolbooth. Their God being led wyth this pompe, and pacified with great hostes of Bucer and Phagius, at length setled him self agayne in his accustomed roume. Scotte of Westchester prayed with many wordes, that that daye myght be lucky and fortunate to him selfe, and to all that were present, & that from that day forward (now that Gods wrath was appeased, and al other things set in good order) al men would make them selues conformable to peace and quietnesse, inespecially that appertayned to religion. MarginaliaCertain of thuniuersity amerced & punishedAfter this, they bestowed a few dayes in punishing and amercing such as they thoughte had deserued it. Some they suspended from geuinge voyces eyther to theire owne prefermente, or to the prefermente of any other. Some they forbad to haue the charge of pupilles, leaste they should infect the tender youth (being pliable to take what print soeuer is layd vpon them) with corrupte doctrine and heresy. Others they chastised wrongfully, without any desert and many a one they punished, contrary to al righte and reason. Laste of all they sette fourth certayne statutes, by the which they would haue thuniuersity hereafter ordered. Wherin they enacted many thinges as concerning the election of theyr officers of thuniuersity, of keping & administryng the goods of thuniuersity, & of many other thinges. But inespecially they handled the matter very circumspectly for religion. In the which they were so scrupulous, that they replenished all thinges, eyther with open blasphemy, or with ridiculous superstition. For they prescribed at how many masses euery man should be day by daye, MarginaliaThe decrees of the inquisitors.and how many masses euery man should saye when hee shoulde enter into the church, and in his enterance after what sorte he should bowe hym selfe to the altar, & how to the maister of the house: what he should do there, and how long he should tary, how many and what prayers he should saye: what and howe he should syng: what meditacions other should vse while the priest is in his Memento mumbling secretly to hym selfe: what time of the Masse a man should stand, and when he should sit downe: when he should make courtesy, when exclusiuely, when inclusiuely, and many other supersticious toyes they decreeed that it was a good sporte to behold thē. Moreouer, these Maysters of good order, for fashion sake. ordayned that euery man should put on a Surplyce, not torne nor worne, but cleane forbidding them in any wyse to wype theyr noses theron. And these are the thinges which we told you before, that some noted Ormanet

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how deuoutly he obserued them in the kings chappell. Al the which (vnder a great penalty to such as omitted them) were enioyned commonly to al men alike.

Al thinges being thus set at a staye, when they were now ready to go theyr wayes, the Vniuersity for so great benefites (which she could not suffer to fall out of remembraunce many yeres after) coueting to shew some token of couertesy towards them agayne, commēced MarginaliaOrmanet & Cole proceded Doctours.Ormanet and Cole doctors, for al the residue sauing Christophorson, who nowe by reason he was elected byshop, had preuented that degre, wer chosē into that order before, the which they shewed them selues to receiue thankefully at theyr handes, thinking much gentlenesse in so doing. Thus at length wer sent away these peace makers, that came to pacyfye strifes and quarelles, who through prouoking euery man to accuse one another lefte such gappes and breaches in mens harts at their departure, that to this day they could neuer be closed & ioyned agayne together.

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MarginaliaThe departure of thinquisitours.These Commissioners, before they departed out of the vniuersity, gaue commaundement, that the maysters of euery house shulde copy out their statutes, the which beside common ordinances, conteined in thē certain rules of the priuate ordring of euery house particularly. MarginaliaSwinebornes saynge as concerning the decrees of the inquisitorsSwineborne (who as I sayde was maister of Clare hal) being demaunded whether he woulde haue those thinges engrossed in partchment or in paper, aunswered that it made no matter wherein they were written. For the paper, or a slighter thinge that were of lesse continuaunce then paper, wold serue the turne well inough: For he sayde aslenderer thing then that, would last a great deale lenger, then those decrees should stand in force: Neyther was the man deceiued in his coniecture. For within two yeares after God beholding vs wyth mercy, called MarginaliaThe death of Queene Mary.Quene Mary, (the which princes the Cardinal and the rest of the Byshops of England, miserably abused to the vtter destructiō of Christes churche) out of thys life the. xvii. day of Nouember, in the yeare of our Lord. 1558. Vnto whom her Sister MarginaliaQuene Elizabeth sucedeth.Elizabeth (succeding in the kingdom) the like of which princes a man shall not lightly finde, in perusinge the chronicles, to haue reygned in manye hundred yeares before, 

Commentary  *  Close

This praise of Elizabeth, in the Historia vera and in Golding's Briefe treatise (sig. I2r-v), was dropped from the 1570 and 1576 editions, and replaced by very qualified praise of Elizabeth in the 1583 edition. On Foxe's changing, and progressively more critical, attitudes to Elizabeth see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Providence and Prescription: The Account of Elizabeth in Foxe's "Book of Martyrs"' in The Myth of Elizabeth, eds. Susan Doran and Thomas S. Freeman (Basingstoke: 2003), pp. 27-55.

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MarginaliaThe true religion is restored.raysed to life agayne the true religion, beinge not onely sore appalled, and commaunded to seeke her a newe dwellinge place, but in maner burnte vp and consumed to ashes. The which after the tyme it ones beganne to recouer strength agayne, and by litle and litle to lifte vp her heade, the filthy dregs þt of Romishe iugling casts began forth with to melt away. Whereupon the church of God began to be edified agayn in Englād,

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