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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1713 [1632]

Actes and Monumentes of the churche.

red in lyke maner with the. vi. that went out of Mote hal, was also kept backe at that time, but not in like sorte, because her name was wrong writtē within the write, 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is referring to the writ from chancery authorizing the execution of a particular heretic. In Agnes Bongeor's case the writ was defective and her execution had to be postponed until the mistake in the writ was corrected. The privy council fined the sheriff of Essex £10 for this error (APC VI, p. 144).

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Word of this reprieve may have reached Foxe in exile. In the Rerum, Foxementioned an unnamed Essex woman who was providentially saved from burning because a court official was unable to pronounce her last name (Rerum, p. 636). If this is a garbled account of Agnes Bongeor, then, in 1559, Foxe does not seem to have realized that her reprieve was temporary.

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as in the Balifs letters of Colchester, sent to Boner about the same, more plainly doth appeare, the tenor wherof hereafter followeth.

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A letter sent to Bonner Byshop of London from the Bayliffes of Colchester.

MarginaliaA letter sēt to Boner. AFter oure humble commendations vnto you, right reuerend Father, accordingly considered, thes are to certifye your honorable Lordship, that vpon Fryday, the. xxx. of Iuly last past, in the afternone of the same day, wee receaued by thandes of Edward Cosen, your Lordshippes seruaunt, your louing letters, & also the Kinge and Quenes maiesties writte de hæreticis comburendis, 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative (book title?)
Foxe text Latin

de haereticis comburendis

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

concerning the burning of heretics

 
Commentary  *  Close

De heretico comburendo was the act which made heresy a crime punishable by death. The name was also given to the writs from the chancery authorizing executions for heresy.

for the reall burning of certeyne persones, conuict and condempned of heresie, then remayninge in our custodye Which to haue executed, the nexte day immediatly following, we then purposed and much desired, but could not well and conueniently so do, not onely for wante of necessary prouision thē immediatly to be had but also by reason of other occasions and impedimentes. Wherupō wee then appoynted the execution thereof to be done this present Monday, the second of August. At which tyme, we by vertue of the writ haue according to the tenor and purport therof, really burned. vi. persones of those which ar named in the same writ: That is to saye, William Bongeor, Robert Purcase, Thomas Benold, Agnes Siluerside, alias Smith Wydow, Elene Ewring, the wyfe of Ihon Ewring and Elizabeth Folkes. And as touching the. vii persone named in the same wrytte, by the name of Agnes Bowier, the wyfe of Richard Bowyer, for that we haue no suche person of that name, nor knowne nor called by that name in our custodye, neither any of that name, or so knowen or called hath bene before vs presented, nor indicted: We could not therfore by vertue of the writte, proceede vnto the reall burning of any other person then those sixe, which were rightly named in the same writ. How be it for that we haue also a seuenth person, conuict and condempned of heresy, yet remayning in our custody, called and knowen by the name of Agnes Bongeor, the wife of Richard Bongeor, which was indicted, and conuict of heresy, with the other syxe before named, and for that the same writte so misnaming her by an other name, then she hath euer hertofore bene called or knowen, is no sufficient warrant in lawe for vs to procede vnto the reall burninge of her: we haue thought it good therfore to stay thexecution & real burning of her, and thought it good also to certify your honorable Lordship therof: Wherfore, if it maye please your good Lordshippe to signifye the same her name vnto the right reuerend Father in God, the Lord Chauncellor of England, and further to send vnto vs another writ of the King & Quenes maiesty for our warrant to burne really the same Agnes Bongeor, the wyfe of Richarde Bongeor, and by that name, we thē shal fourth

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with and with like diligence execute the same as we haue alredy don vpon those vi. persons before named. Thus we commend your Lordship to almighty God, who preserue your honorable estate, in moch honour long to continue. From Colechester the sayde second day of August. 1557.

your Lordships assured to commaunde,

Robert Browne
Robert Mainard.
Baylifes.
 

The same morning, the second of August, that the said sixe in Mote hall were called out to go to their martirdom, was Agnes Bongeor also called with them, by the name of Agnes Bowyer. Wherfore the Bailiffes vnderstanding her (as I sayde) to be wronge named within the writ, commaunded the said Anges Bongeor to prison againe, as ye haue heard in the letter before named, and so from Mote hall that daye sente her to the Castell, where she remained vntil her death. But when she saw her selfe so separated from her said prison fellowes in that sort, Oh good Lorde what piteouse mone that good woman made, how bitterly she wepte, what straunge thoughtes came into her mind, how naked and desolate she estemed her selfe, and into what plunge of dispaire and care her pore soule was brought it was piteous and wonderfull to see: which all came because she wente not with them to giue her life in the defense of her Christ. For of all thinges in the world, life was lest loked for at her handes. For that morning in which she was kepte backing from burninge, had she put on a smocke that she had prepared onlye for that purpose. And also hauing a child, a litle young infant sucking on her, whom shee kept with her tenderly all the time shee was in prison, againste that daye likewise did she sende it away to another nurse, and prepared her selfe presently to giue her selfe for the testimony of the glorious gospel of Iesus christ. So litle did she loke for life, and so greatlye did gods giftes supernaturaly worke in her aboue nature it selfe, that death semed a great deale better welcom then life. But this toke not at that time as she thought it would, and therfore (as I said) was she not a litle trobled. And beinge thus in this greate perplexity of minde, a frend of hers came to her, and required to knowe whether Abrahames obedience was accepted before god for þt he did sacryfyce his sonne Isaac, or in þt he would haue offered him. Vnto which she answered thus: I know (quod she) that Abrahams wil before god was allowed for the dede, in that hee would haue done it, if the Angell of the Lord had not staied him: but I (sayd she) am vnhappy, the lord thinketh me not worthy of this dignitye, and therfore Abrahams case & mine is not like.

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