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18 [940]

Actes and Monumentes of the Churche.

saide Formosus, condemned the same Steuen, his last predecessor, and liued but 20. dayes himself. And euen so did his next successor, MarginaliaPope Iohn. 9 Circa An. 903.Iohn. 9. who in a generall councell at Rauenna, cōdemned the said Steauen, and confirmed the cause of Formosus.

MarginaliaDiuision betwene Leo, & Christofor.What busines was within 5. or 6. yeares after that, betwene Leo. 5. and one Christofore a Priest, who toke the said Leo prisoner and made him self Pope. Albeit he inioyed the rowme but half a yeare, for he was driuen a way and thrust into a monastery. MarginaliaCirca An. 908. Pope Sergius. 3.Then came in Sergius the third, as ambitious as the best, who condemned the forsayd Formosus, with all his adherentes, & iustifying Steauen, MarginaliaPope Formosus twise digged out of his graue.toke up once agayn Formosus body being 5. or 6. yeares buryed, & caused his hed to be striken of, and the corps to be throwne in to Tiber Here I might likewise touche the tragical schis.mes and diuisions that folowed after, MarginaliaCirca An. 959. The Pope cutteth of the Cardinalles nose.fyrste by Pope Ioan. 12. who for very displeasure (if the storyes be trew) cut of the nose of one, and the hand of an other of his Cardinals. And at laste was slayne himself of the husband, for defylyng his wyfe. MarginaliaAn 969.After this what a schisme folowed betwirt Benedictus, & Leo, being bothe Popes at one time?

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MarginaliaCirca An. 980.The like might be brought in of Bonifacius 7. who after he had stolne the Iewels of. S. Peters Minster, came & slew one Ioan, who was Pope in his absence.

In like maner of. 3. Popes together in þe daies of thēperour Henricus the third. If it were not to longe a digression to recite in order all that might be sayd.

Although, therfore as I say, by these and suche other euidences, it may apeare, the state of the Churche not to stand so clere and vpright in all pointes, the full tyme of the 1000. yeares after Christ, but that some supersticion, & imperfection began to touche the prelasy then being: Yet in comparison of tymes that followed, all this might seme some thing sufferable and honest.

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Therfore pretermitting to wryte therof, and referring the Reader rather to other writers, which haue sufficiently committed those things to memory I intend by the grace of Christ to begin this history there, where the 1000. yeares do ende, declaring therin such actes and doings as haue happened most notable, in the church within the compas of these later 500. yeares, especially in the churche of England and Scotland.

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Wherin first to premonish thee, gentil reader, as I began, this thou shalt vnderstand concerning the state and condicion of the churche, that althoughe it hath not bene all together free (as is afore sayd from much misery, greuous persecutions, and some supersticion with al, MarginaliaThe golden age of the Churche.the 1000 yeares after Christe, yet in respect of the other time that followed, it might seme a golden age full of muche light, vertue, and true felicitie.

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For all that while thou shalt note yet hetherto, no orders of Monkes, nor rable of religiōs, wer set vp or approued: Marginalia4. orders of Friers with other religions.Neither Franciscanes, nor Dominiks, nor Carmelets, nor Templares, nor of S. Iohns fratry, nor of Almetrinitatis, Although MarginaliaBenedictus and Scholastica.Benedictus with his suster Scolastica, ordeyned a certeine regular institution An. 533 Yet that profession went then no further then only the Mount Cassinus. Where diuers noble men gathered aboute him, the tenthes ofthe whiche house came to 4000. Florence a yeare.

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No vniforme order of any Mas, yet was deuised & appointed through all places. But diuersly vsed in diuers partes, and not after any one vniform manor nor one name, as they at Ierusalē had one, the Romans an other seruice, at Cōstantinople an other Liturge, an other at Mediolanū, at Tolete in Spaine an other, as appereth by the writing of Carolus Caluus the French king, wherin he answereth to the clergy of Rauena. Cap. 7.

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MarginaliaTransubstantiation Eleuation.No Transubstanciatiō, nor eleuacion at this time was heard of. A Sacrifice was spokē of in the Churche, but that Sacrifice then was a memory of the Sacrifice of Christe, not a propitiacion for sinnes.

MarginaliaMasse.If it were true, that in the decrees is mencioned, that Peter and Basilius setforthe the Mas in wryting (as it is most untrew) yet that Mas had nether Confiteor nor Misereatur, nor office with Gloria patri, nor Graile, nor Sequence, nor cōmunion with post cōmunion, nor Qui pridie the Cannon, nor the Agnus, nor Gloria in excelsis, nor Ite missa est, nor þe Collect of the day, nor Cope, nor Albe with Tunickle. &c. Whiche all wer brought in after, as by the grace of the lord hereafter shall appere.

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MarginaliaDecres and decretalles.The decres and decretalles with Sextins and Extrauagants, were not yet collected,

MarginaliaSuperioritie of the bishop of Rome.All this whyle and specially in the primatiue tyme no Superioritie or vniuersal preeminence of the Roman Bishop was yet hard of.

MarginaliaCannons of the Apostls.If the geuing of keyes had properly and seuerally apperteined to Peter with his Successours, Thappostls then setting an order in the church, would neuer haue denyed him or them, of theyr right, who in their Cannons, subduing euery minister to his owne proper Bisshop or Archebishop, make no mention of the bishop of Rome at al. Wherby it may be vnderstand that yet the bishoprick of Rome differed nothing from other bisshopricks, although about yet the latter time of the 1000. yeres, it began sumthing to shote vp as in ritches, so also in Ambition. MarginaliaThelection of the Bishop of Rome.For where before in the dayes of Stephanus. 4. of Pascalis, and Gregory. 4. the election of the Bishoprick stode by the Clergy & the people, with consent of Themperor, as histories recorde, afterward, a litle before the 900. yere in Pope Adrianus thirdes time, the creatiō of the bishop, was reduced to the Cardinalles, and so Themperor,

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