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24 [24]

Actes and Monumentes of the Churche.
¶ Of the florishing age of the churche.

MarginaliaThe growing age of the church.THus the first prime and florishing age of the church being past ouer did procede vp in a furder stature & more grounded strengthe. For thē þe faithfull disciples of Christ, being made strong in battayle stode against tyrants dispising their threates, & beyng brought vnto diuerse torments, feared no death, nor daūger, for they went out from the face of the counsell, reioysing þt they were coūted so worthy, to suffer contumely for the name of Iesus, Albeit that grace was not geuen to all, for many fled back, not only of the lower, but also of the greater sort, yea of the very cheif pillars of þe church. MarginaliaMarcellus bishop of Rome.For Marcellus the bishop for feare, and partly also for couitousnes, offered incense to Idolles. Notwithstanding he recouered of that infirmitie, and being strong in battaile, the bisshops thē assembling together to depose him, he denyed not but confessed his fault, saying: MarginaliaEx distin 21 Chap. Nunc me auarū corrupit aurum. That is: gold corrupted me being couetous, and so returning agayne to Diocletianus the tyrante, confessed himselfe to be a christian, and died a Martir, not thinking himself worthy to be buried, but excōmunicated him who so euer did bury him. Notwithstanding after. xxx. dayes, God so disposing, he was buried. Here the glose moueth a question, why the Bysshops, in the councell, did not despose hym, & taketh therby a false argument, that the first seate ought not to be iudged of any man. MarginaliaMiltiades þe 33. bisshop of Rome.But this Marcellus bothe submitted him selfe to his deposition, confessing his fault: and yf he had not, he had suerly bene deposed, and so was, by dyuerse of those, whiche condemned him without the citie, of whom Miltiades was one, yea & the first. But to our purpose, concerning the youthfull age, of the virgin and spouse of Christe the churche, which now grew vp, by litell and litell, through the mighty gift of God, to a more complet state of age, what time MarginaliaConstantinus Magnus. An 310.Constantinus themperour relinquishng his idols submitted himself openly to the sacrament of Christ, being baptysed in the name of the father, the sonne, and the holy Ghost. And in this time the fathers of the christen churche conuented together and made assembles, to discus such matters as apperteyned to faythe: for before that time, they could not well congregate together, for feare of persecution. MarginaliaEcclesiasticæ historiæ. Liber 2.Albeit yet we reade in the Ecclesiasticall history, that in Cesarea a citie in Palestina, a generall councell was kept in the time of Victor, then the. xv. bishop of Rome and Martir, aboute the yere of the Lorde. CC. vnder the time of persecution long before Nicene councell. And like wise the councell of Auchris, vnder Vitalis bisshop of Antioche, with other certayne councels, aboute the said time. But yet more freely theyfrequented their counsels, after the time of Constantinus themperour. Of the whiche councels foure be estemed most principall, and of chiefest autoritie alleged: wherin bothe the trew catholike faith was defended against suche sectes and discentions, as then did begin: and also certaine ordinance stablished as touching the patriarchal seates, and other like causes. MarginaliaThe primitiue time knew no vniuersall bisshop.Where it is to be noted, that in this age of the churche, there was no generall or vniuersall bishop, but the whole churche of Christe, throughout the worlde, was deuided into. iiii. patriarchal seates, thone of Ierusalem, an other of Antioche, an other of Rome the fourt of Alexandria, also afterward in Constantinople, wherupon thus we reade, MarginaliaConcilium Nicenum. Can. 6.in the coūcell of Nice inacted, and alleged, in the decrees. MarginaliaDistinc. 65. Cap. Mos.Nos antiquus perduret in ægipto, uel libia, et pentapoli, vt Alexandrinus episcopus horum omniū habeat potestatem, quandoquidem et Romano episcopo parilis est mos similiter autem apud Antiochiam et cæteras pronuncias honor simus vnicuique seruetur ecclesiæ. &c. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
The four ages of the Church: citation from Isidorus.
Foxe text Latin

Mos antiquus perduret in ægipto, uel libia, et pentapoli, vt Alexandrinus episcopus horum omniū habeat potestatem, quandoquidem et Romano episcopo parilis est mos similiter autem apud Antiochiam et cæteras pronuncias honor simus vnicuique seruetur ecclesiæ. &c.

Foxe text translation

that is, let the olde custome remaine still in Egipte, or Libia, & pentapolis, that the bisshop of Alexandria haue the gouernmēt of them all, in equall maner, as the bisshop of Rome hath of his churches. And likewise also the same maner be obserued in the bisshoprick of Antioche, and in other prouinces, so that euery churche haue his seuerall and apointed honor. &c.

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Actual text of Isidorus. in P.L. Vol. 84. Col. 0094C

Mos antiquus perduret in Aegypto vel Libya et Pentapoli, ut Alexandrinus episcopus horum omnium habeat potestatem, quoniam quidem et Romano episcopo hoc idem moris est. Similiter autem et [Col.0095A] apud Antiochiam caeterasque provincias honor suus unicuique servetur Ecclesiae.

Comment

Accurate (though not identical in wording) citation and translation.

that is, let the olde custome remaine still in Egipte, or Libia, & pentapolis, that the bisshop of Alexandria haue the gouernmēt of them all, in equall maner, as the bisshop of Rome hath of his churches. And likewise also the same maner be obserued in the bisshoprick of Antioche, and in other prouinces, so that euery churche haue his seuerall and apointed honor. &c. MarginaliaGlosa.Marke here by the way, howe the glose of that distinction agreeth with the texte, MarginaliaDistinc. 93. Cap. Legi.Romano, id est, Constantinopolitano, as the bisshop of Rome hath, that is, the bishop of Constātinople, saith he. And thus much concerning the primitiue time of the churche whiche primitiue time the glose of the decres deuideth after this sorte, calling firste primitiue age that, when there was yet no difference betwixt a priest and bishop: the second, when schismes came in, by reason wherof the office and autoritie of priest and bishop was distincted a sōder. But let this glose goo with his text, let vs go to the matter.

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☞ The midle age of the Churche.

THus the catholike churche in her infancy, was innocēt, in her child hode, she grew and multiplyed, in her youthe she increased and gat strength. And in her midle age she wrastled with sondrie sectes, schismes and shismatickes, especially such as contended for supremacie. MarginaliaPolicroni,us bisshop of IerusalēAs first when Policronsus bishop of Hierusalem (which was about the yeare of. CCCC. XL. after Christ) began to claime the supremacy of his seat, in that the churche of Ierusalem was the first churche, where Christ liued and rose againe, where the churche first began, and where Iames, Peter, & Iohn the pillars of the churche, did firste teache. &c. MarginaliaSixtus 3. bishop of Rome.Sixtus the third than bishop of Rome being moued therwith, called a Sinod

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