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the which do desire as muche as in them lieth, to defend the faith of Christ, haue laboured for the extirpation and roting oute of that moste wicked and detestable secte of Wickleffes, which now (alas for sorowe) beginneth to spring and rise in the said kingdom, as it is wel known. Notwithstanding here in this my oration, not for any shame or reprofe, but for the honoure of the kingdome aforesaide, I haue propounded and declared a certayne new sect, which is now lately sprong vp in the said kingdome, the folowers wherof doo minister and communicate the sacramentes in many cities, townes, and places of the said kingdome, vnder bothe kindes bothe of bread and wine, and doo constantlye teach the common people bothe men and women, that it is so to be communicated obstinatly affirming the same, and that the clergy which doth repugn or say nay vnto it, are to be counted church robbers, as by the wrytinges of their assertions beynge directed and presented hither, shall openlye appeare.

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Moreouer by the report and fame which goeth here abrode, and by the wrytinges which were sent ouer vnto me, I haue propounded that it came to my knowledge that the bloud of Christ is caried about in vessels not consecrated, approuing the foresaid erronious assertions of the Wicklefystes, that affyrme it necessarye for saluation, that the people shoulde communicate vnder both kindes of breade and wine, and that it is necessarye as the body of Christ is caried in the pixe or boxe, so the bloud of Christe be caried in bottels, or other necessarye vessels from place to place, and specially about the ministration of the sicke. Also I declared not of my selfe, but I harde it to be declared by others, bothe great and credible persons, that there was a certain woman, a follower of that sect, the which taking by violence the bodye of christ out of priestes handes, did communicate vnto her self, and affyrmed that all men ought to do so if the priestes woulde denye them the communion. And the same woman amonges many other erroures, of the which she was conuicted, did affyrm that a good lay womā might better consecrate and geue absolucion, than an euil priest affirminge that an euill priest can nether consecrate nor absolue. But I know that nether I, nether any of my assystance in thys matter haue brought this at any time into your eares, that coblers in the saide kingdome doo heare confessyon, or minister the sacrament of the bodye of Christ, as is aledged by the said Peter, in the behalfe of the said supplicantes. Notwithstanding that we dyd feare if meanes were not founde to recounter or stop the offences before named, that this would immediatly follow vpon it. Wherfore most reuerend fathers, least that the kingdom might be defamed any more by such pestyferous sectes, and that the christian faith might happen to be indaungered with all reuerence and charity. I do desire you euen by the bowels of mercy, of our Lord Iesus Christ, that this most sacred councel, would prouide some spedy remedy for this kingdome, as touchinge the premisses.

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Moreouer whether be they backebiters and slaunderers, or wicked and false enuiers of the kingedome of Boheme, the which do let the errors aforesaid, and many others more, which are sowen by the Wyclefystes in the saide kingdome, and also els where, the whiche also both do laboure, and haue laboured for the extirpation & roting out of those erroures out of the kingdome aforesaide, and as Catholike men, for the zeale of their faythe haue manfully put forth them selues againste the maintainers of the said erroures, or such as do maintaine and defend the teachers of those erroures, this aunswer I haue here presented before your reuerences alwayes, wholy submitting my self and my assistaunce vnto your iudgement, and to the diffinition of this mooste sacred councel of Constance.

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☞ The answer of the nobles of Boheme.

MarginaliaThe bishop of Luthonius answer confutedTHe day be fore Whytsontide the nobles of Boheme did confute these things whiche wer answe- two daies before in the councell to theyr former wryting as here foloweth, most reuerēt fathers &Lords for somuch as vpon thursday it was aunswered on the behalf of your reuerences to the requests of the nobles and lords of Boheme, that the said Lords wer mysinformyd of dyuers poynts conteined in the declaration of theyr said byl, therfore the aforesaid Lordes haue now determyned and decreed to declare ther former propoūded requests more at large vnto your reuerēces not minding herby to argew or reproue your fatherly wysdomes and circumspections, but that your reuerences, their desyres being partly on this behalfe fulfilled might the more effectuously and distinctly discerne and iudge as touchinge this matter.

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And fyrst of al, wheras the Lords aledged & say, how þt master Ihō Hus was come hither vnto Constance, frely of his owne good wyll vnder the safe conduicte of the Lord the king, and the protection of the sacred Empyre. It is answered on the behalfe of your reuerences, howe that the saide Lordes are mysinformed, as touching the said safe conduict, & that you haue vnderstand by suche as are worthye creadit, that the frendes and fauourers of the said maister Ihon Hus, did fyrste procure and get his safeconduict xv. daies after his imprisonment.

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The Lordes of Boheme, and speriallye the Lord Ihon de Clum here present, whōe thys matter doth chiefly touch, do answer that not only the 15. day after, but euen the verye same day that Ihon Hus was apprehended and taken, when as our reuerent father the Pope in the presence of all his Cardinals demaunded of maister Ihon de Clum, whether maister Ihon Hus had anye safeconduicte from the king his sonne, he answered, most holy father and Cardinals, knowe ye that he hathe a safe conduict, and when he was asked the question againe the seconde time, he answered in lyke manner.

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Yet notwfthstandinge none of them required to haue the safeconduict shewed vnto thē, and again the third day followinge, the Lord Ihon de Clum complained vnto oure Lorde the Pope, how notwithstanding the safeconduict of our soueraigne Lord the kinge, he deteined and kept maister Ihon Hus as prysonner, shewing the said safe conduicte vnto manye. And for a further truthe herein, he referreth him self vnto the testimonies and witnesses of diuers Earles, bishops, knightes, gentlemen, and famous citezens of the city of Cōstance, the whiche altogether at thys present did see the said safe conduicte, and harde it red, whervpon the saide Ihon de Clum is readye to binde him selfe vnder what penalty, shall be required euidently to proue and confirm that which he hathe promysed, whosoeuer saye the contrary.

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