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332 [332]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church.

the body of Christ hidden vnder the same, whych we do not se. And plainly denied that the faith as touching the said sacramēt determined by the Romish church & holy doctors & sent vnto him by vs in the saide scedule, to be the determinatiō of the holy church. But if it be the determination of the church, he sayd that it was done contrary vnto the scriptures after the church was endowd and that poyson was powred into the church and not afore. MarginaliaHow confession is to be allowed.Also as touching the sacrament of penaunce & confessyon he plainly said and affyrmed then and there: that if any man were in any greuous sinne, out of the whych he knew not how to rise it were expedient and good for him to go vnto some holy and discrete priest to take coūcell of him But that he should confesse hys sinne to any proper priest, or to any other, althoughe he myghte haue the vse of hym: it is not necessarye to saluatyon, for somuch as by only contrition, such synne can be wyped away, and the synner hym selfe pourged. As concernyng the worshippyng of the crosse, he said and affyrmed that the only body of Christ which did hange vpon the crosse is to be worshyped. Forsomuch as that body alone was and is the crosse, which is to be worshypped.

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MarginaliaWhat hōor is to be don to the crosseAnd being demaunded what honor he would do vnto the Image of the crosse. He answered by expres words that he woulde only do it that honoure that he woulde make it cleane and lay it vp safe. As touching the power and authority of the keyes, the Archbishops, bishops, and other prelates, MarginaliaThe pop is antichrist the bishops are his mēbers & friers his taile.he sayd that the pope is very Antychrist that is the head. The Archbyshops, byshops, and other prelates to be his members & the fryers to be hys tayle. The which Pope, archbishops and bishops a mā ought not to obey, but so far forth as they be folowers of Christe and of Peter in their life, manners, and conuersation and that he is the successour of Peter whyche is best and purest in life and manners. Furthermore the said syr Ihō spreding his hāds wyth a loud voyce, said thus to those which stode about hym. MarginaliaWho is the successor of popes.These mē whych iudge and woulde condemne me wyll seduce you all and them selues and wyll lead you vnto hell, therefore take hede of them. When he had spoken those wordes, we againe as oftentymes before, wyth lamentable countenaunce, spake vnto the said syr Ihō exhortyng him with as gentle wordes as we myghte, that he would returne to the vnitie of the church to beleue and hold that which the church of Rome doth beleue and hold. MarginaliaThe bolde talke of the lorde Cobham.Who expresly answeared that he woulde not beleue or holde otherwyse then he had before declared. Wherfore we perceyuing as it appeared by him that we could not preuayle: at the last wyth bytternesse of hart, we proceaded to the pronouncinge of a diffynitiue sentence in thys manner.

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In the name of God Amen. We Thomas by the permyssion of God Archbyshop and humble minister of the holy churche of Caunterbury, prymate of all England, and legate of the Apostostolike sea MarginaliaFolysh hypocrite. They call them selues hūble which rul ouer kinges & excercise the tyrāny of þe worldin a certaine cause or matter of heresy vpon certaine articles, wher vppon syr Ihon Oldcastell knyght Lorde Cobham before vs in the laste conuocation of our cleargye of oure prouynce of Caunterbury holden in the church of S. Paul in London after dilygent inquisition ther vppon made, was detected and accused, and by oure sayde prouynce notoryously and openlye diffamed. At the request of the whole cleargy aforesaid therevppon made vnto vs in the sayde conuocation: wythall fauoure possyble that we myghte, (God we take to wytnesse) lawfully proceding against hym, followinge the fotesteppes and example of Christe MarginaliaFolowing Christs fote steps cleane contrary.whych woulde not the death of a sinner, but rather that he should be conuerted and liue, we haue endeuoured by all wayes and meanes we mighte or coulde to refourme hym, and to reduce hym to the vnitie of the churche: declaryng vnto hym what the holye vniuersall Church of Rome dooth teach, hold, and determine in this behalfe. MarginaliaThe vniuersail churche meanning by a fygure the part for the whole.And allbeit that we found hym wandring astraye from the catholike fayth, and so stubborn and styfnecked that he would not confesse hys errour or cleare hym self ther of, or detest the same. MarginaliaThe passiōs of prelates.Notwythstanding we fauouryng him wyth a fatherly affection, and hartely wishinge and desyringe his preseruation, prefixed hym a certain competent time to deliberate with hym self, and if he would to repent and reforme hym self. And last of al forsomuch as we perceyued him to be vnreasonable: obseruynge chiefly those thynges whych by the law are required in thys behalf wyth great sorow and bitternes of hart, we proceaded to the pronouncyng of the definitiue sentence in thys manner.

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The name of Christ being cald vpō setting him only before our eyes. MarginaliaMany shal comForsomuche as by actes enacted sygnes, exhibited euidences and dyuers tokens besydes sundrye kynde of profes, we fynde the said syr Ihon to be & haue beene an heretycke and a follower of heretyckes in the faith and obseruation of the sacred vniuersal Church of Rome, and specially as touching the sacramentes of the Eucharist and of penaunce. And that as the sonne of iniquitie and darknesse he hath so hardned his hart, that he wyll not vnderstand the voyce of his shepheard neither wyll bee allured with his monitions or conuerted wyth any faire speach. MarginaliaThei call light darknes & darknes light.Hauinge fyrst of all searched and sought out, and dillygently considering the merits of the cause aforesayd, and of the said syr Ihon, hys desertes & faultes aggrauated throughe his dampnable obstinacy. Not willinge that hee that is wycked, shoulde become more wycked and infecte other wyth hys contagion, by the councel and consent of the reuerent men of profound wysdome, and dyscretion, our brethren the Lordes Rychard byshoppe of London, Henrye byshoppe of Wynchester, and Benedict byshoppe of Bangor, and also of manye other doctoures of deuinitye, the decretalles and ciuyll lawe, and of manye other religyous and learned personnes our assistentes MarginaliaLik will to likewe haue iudged and declared sententially and diffynitiuelye condempned the sayde syr Ihon Oldcastell knight, Lord Cobham being conuicte in and vpon that moost detestable gilt not willing penytently to retourne vnto the vnitye of the church, and in those thynges whych the sacred vnyuersall Churche of Rome dooth hold, teach determyne and shewe foorthe. And specially as one erryng in the artycles aboue wrytten leauyng him from hence forthe as an hereticke vnto the seculer iudgement. MarginaliaSo did the Pharises diliuer Christ vnto pilate.

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Moreouer we haue excommunicated, aud by theese wrytinges doo pronounce as excommunicate him as an heretycke and all other whiche from hence forthe in fauoure of hys erroure shall receyue defende or geue hym councell or fauoure, or healpe hym in thys behalfe, as fauourers, defenders and receyuers of heretyckes. And to the intent these premysses maye bee knowne vnto all faythful christians we charge and commaund you, that by your sentēs definituie you do cause the curats which are vnder you wyth a loude and audyble voyce in theyr churches, when as moost people is present in their mother tounge. Through all your cities and dioces to publysh and declare the sayd syr Ihon Oldcastell as is before sayd to be by vs condempned as an heriticke scysmatick and one erryng in the articles aboue sayd: and al other whiche from henceforthe in fauor of hys erroures shall receyue or defend him, geuinge hym anye councell, comfort or fauoure in thys behalfe to be excommunicate as receiuers, fauourers and defenders of heretickes. As is more effectuallye conteyned in the processe. That by such meanes the erronious opinyōs of the people which peraduenture hath otherwyse conceyued the matter by those declaratiōs of the truth, how the matter is, may be cut of. The which thyng also we wil and commaund to be wrytten and sygnified by you woord for woord vnto all our fellow brethren, that they al may manyfest, publish and declare thorow out al their cities and dioces the manner and forme of thys our processe, and also the sentence by vs geuen, and all other and synguler, the contentes in the same. And likewise cause it to be published by their curates which are vnder them, as touchyng the daye of the recept of these presentes, and what you haue doone in the premisses how you and they haue executed thys our commaundement. We wyll that you and they duelye and distynctlye certifye vs the busynesse beynge doone, by you and their letters patentes accordyng to thys tenour. Dated in oure mannor of Maidstone, the x. day of Octobre. An M.CCCC.xiii, & in the 18. yere of our translatyon.

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Thus haue you here the iudiciall processe of the Byshoppes against thys most noble christian knight, described by their owne letters and style. After all thys, the sentence of death beinge geuen. MarginaliaSir Robert Morley.The Lord Cobbā was sent away, syr Robert Morely carying hym againe vnto the tower: whereas after he had remained a certayne space, in the night, I know not by what meanes he escaped out and fled into Wales, where as he contynued by the space of iiii. yeres. In the mene tyme almost within ii. yeres after this, MarginaliaHenry Chicheley Archbyshop of CāturburyThomas Aruntel the archbyshop died. An. M.CCCC.xv. Henry Chichley then succeading in his Rome. During which tyme there was gre-

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