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35 [35]

wryting thus to Austen: that whiche I geue to the Austen, I geue also and graunte to all thy successors after the. But in that, he maketh here no mention of his successors, it appeareth thereby, that it was not his minde so to do.

MarginaliaLanfrācus replieth.To this Lanfrancus argueth again. If this authority had bene geuen to Austen alone, & not to his successors, it had bene but a smal gift, proceding from the Apostolike seat, to his especyall and familier frend: especially seing also that Austen, in all his life, did constitute no Byshop of Yorke, nether was there any suche bishop to be subiect to him. MarginaliaThe dignitye of Canterbury confirmed by priuileges.Again we haue priueleges from the Apostolike sea, which confirme this dignity in the successors of Austen, in the same seate of Douer. Moreouer, al Englishmē thinke it, both right and reason, to fetch the direction of wel liuinge, from that place, where first they toke the sparkle of right beleuinge. Farther, where as you say, that Gregory mighte haue confyrmed with plain wordes, the same thing, to the successors of Austen, which he gaue vnto him: all that I graunt yet notwithstanding, this is nothing preiudiciall to the seate of Canterbury. MarginaliaWell replied of an Italian.For, if you know your logike, that which is true in the whole, is also true in the part: And what is true in the more, is also true in the lesse. Nowe the church of Rome is, as the whole, to whome all other churches be, as partes therof. And as Homo. i. mankinde is Genus i. the generall in a certain respect to al his Indiuidua, 1. to all perticuler persons, and yet in euerye particuler person lieth the property of the generall: so in lyke manner, the sea of Rome, in a certain respect, is the generall and the whole, to other churches, and yet in euery particuler churche, is conteyned the whole fulnesse of the whole Christian faith. That church of Rome is greater then all churches, & that which is wrought in it, oughte to worke in the lesse churches also: so that the authority of euerye chefe heade of the churche, ought to stand also in them, that do succede: vnlesse ther be any precise exceptiō made by name. Wherfore, like as the Lord saide, to all byshops of Rome, the same thing, which he said to Peter: so Gregory in like manner said to al the successors of Austen, that which he said to Austen. So thus I conclude, likewise as the bishop of Canterbury, is subiect to Rome, because he had hys faithe from thence: so Yorke ought to be in subiection to Canterbury, which sent the first preachers thither. Nowe where as you aledge, that Gregory wold Austen to be resident at London: that is vtterly vncertaine. For how is it to be thought that such a disciple would contrary the minde of such a master? but graunt, as you say, that Austen remoued to London, what is þt to me, which am not bishop of London. Notwithstanding, all this controuersy ceasing betwixte vs, if it shall please you, to come to some peaceable composition wyth me, all contention set a-part, you shall finde me not out of the waye, so farre as reason and equity shall extend.

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With these reasons of Lanfranke, Thomas gaue ouer, condescending that the firste of hys prouince should begin at Humber.

MarginaliaOrder takē betwixt Lāfrancus byshop of Cāterbury and Thomas byshop of Yorke.Whervpon it was decreed at that time, that Yorke from that time, should be subiect to Canterbury, in al matters apperteining to the rites and regiment of the catholike churche: So that where so euer within England, Canterburye should or would hold his councell, the bishop of Yorke should resort thither, with hys Bishops, and be obedient to his decrees canonicall. Prouided moreouer, that when the bishoppe of Canterbury should decease, Yorke shuld repair to Douer, there to consecrate, with other, the bishop that should be elect. And if Yorke should decease, his successor should resort to Canterbury, or els, where the bishop of Canterbury shuld appoynte, there to receiue his consecration, making his profession there with an oth of canonicall obedience. Thomas being content withall, Lancfrancus the Italian triumpheth wyth no small ioy, putteth the matter forthwith in wryting, that the memory thereof might remain to the posteritye of his successors. But yet that decre did not long stand. For shortly after, þe same scarre so superficially cured, brust out again. In so much that in the raigne of king Henry þe first Anno domini. 1121. Thurstinus Archbishoppe of York could not be cōpelled to sweare to þe archbishop of Canterbury, and yet notwithstanding, by the letters of Calixtus ii. was cōsecrate with out any professyon made to the said bishop, with much more matter of contention: whiche to recite all, it were to long. But this I thoughte to commit to history, to the entent men myghte see þe lamentable decay of true christianity, amongst Christen bishops, who inflamed with gloryous ambition, so contended for honor, that with out mere forcement of law, no modesty coulde take place. Firste Gregory sette an order here in, it would not take. After Calixtus did the same, & it would not stand. And what if nether Gregory, nor Calixtus, nor the councel of Remis, had decreed anye thinge there in, yet the precepte of Christ (me thinketh) shuld be sufficient amongst the true bishops of Christe, who commaundeth his disciples, such as wold be greatest, to be the lowest. And this were a godlye contention, to striue downeward not vpward, who mighte be the fardest of the highest roume, not who should sit next to the right hand of a Cardinal. What matter is it, where mennes crosses be caryed, so the crosse of Christ be magnified? or what mattereth it greatle, who be the Metopolite of England, London, Douer, or Canterbury, so the glory of Christ may shine and florishe in England? If the title of this office go by time, London was Metropolitane before Douer. If it go by dignity of cities, London is the chefest wyth-

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