Navigate the 1563 Edition
PrefaceBook 1Book 2Book 3Book 4Book 5
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
459 [459]

tus 

Commentary  *  Close

Johannes Duns Scotus (c. 1264-1308), a leading Scholastic theologian and champion of realism. Luther showed a marked preference for nominalist theologians, such as William of Ockham, over realist theologians such as Aquinas and Scotus.

and their like, haue broughte in so manye labyrinthes and false opinions, that the godly and sound sorte of diuines haue alway desired a more plain and purer kinde of doctrin. Neyther can we deny without great impudencye, but it was expedient to alter this kind of doctrine, when it is manifest that such as emploied their whole age in this manner of teaching vnderstode not a great parte of the Sophismes, in their disputations. MarginaliaThe impieties of the scholasticall doctrin.Further it is plain Idolatry confirmed, when they teach the application of sacrifice by woorke wroughte, when they allowe the inuocation of Saintes, when they deny that sins be frely remitted by faith, when of ceremonies they make a slaughter of consciences.

[Back to Top]

Finally, there are many other horrible and pernitious deuises, that when I thinke on thē Lord how I tremble and quake for feare. Let vs render thankes vnto God, 

Commentary  *  Close

This prayer is Foxe's own composition as is the assessment of Luther which follows it.

the eternall father of our Lord Iesus Christ, who hath pleased by the ministery of this godlye Luther, MarginaliaLuther hath purged that doctrinto purify the Euangelical fountaines frō papistical infection, and restore sincere doctrine to the church. whiche thinge we remembring ought to ioyne our lamentable peticions, wt zelous affection besechinge God to confirme that he hath begon in vs, for his holy names sake. This is thy voyce and promise (O liuing and iust God, eternall father of oure Lorde Iesus Christ, creator of all things, and of the church) I wil haue compassion on you, for my names sake. I wil doo it for my self, yea euen for my selfe, that I be not blasphemed. I beseche thee with ardent affection, that for thy glorye, and the glory of thy sonne Iesus Christ, thou wilt collect vnto thy self in the voyce of thy gospel, among vs one perpetuall church, and that for the deare loue of thy Sonne our Lorde Iesus Christ our mediator and intercessor, thou wilt gouerne vs by thy holy Ghost, that we vnfainedly maye call vpon thee, and serue thee iustly. Rule also þe studies of thy doctrine, gouerne and conserue the pollicies and disciplin of the same, whiche be the nurces of thy churche and scholes. And sith thou haste created mankinde to acknowledge and to inuocate thee, and that for this respect thou hast reuealed thy selfe by many cleare testimonies, permit not this smal nomber and selected flocke (that professe thy sacred woorde) to be defaced and ouercome. And the rather, for that thy sonne Iesus Christ ready to fight against death, hathe prayed in thys manner for vs: Father, sanctify them in verity, thy word is verity. Our prayers we ioyne with the praier of this our holy priest, making our peticion with him, that thy doctryne maye shine among men, and that we mai be directed by the same. We heard Luther euermore pray in this wise, and so praying, his innocēt ghost peaceably was separated frō the earthy corps,when he had liued almoost lxiii. yeares.

[Back to Top]

Such as suceeded, haue diuers monuments of his doctrine and godlines. He wrote certain learned workes, wherin he comprised a wholsome and necessary doctrine for menne, MarginaliaThe sum of all that Luther taught.informing the sincere mindes to repentance and to declare the frutes of the same, the vse of the Sacraments, the difference betwixt the Gospel and Philosophy, the dignity of politike order, finally the principall articles of doctryne profitable to the church. He composed certaine workes to reproue, wherin he refuteth diuers pernicious errors. He also deuised bookes of interpretation, in which he wrote many enarracions and expositions of the Prophets and Apostles, and in this kinde his very ennemies confesse, he excelleth all other, whose woorkes are imprinted and published abrode.

[Back to Top]

Then all Christians and godly mindes conceiue what praise he deserued, but certenly hys exposition of the olde and newe Testament, in vtilitye and laboure, is equiualent to all hys woorkes. For in the same is so muche perpiscuity, that it may serue in steade of a commentary, though it be red in the Germaine tonge. And yet this is not a naked exposition, but it containeth very learned annotacions and arguments of euery part. The whiche bothe set forthe the summe of heauenly doctrine, and instructeth the reader in the sacred phrase, and manner of speaking in the scriptures, that the godly mindes may receiue firm testimonies of the doctrine, out of the very fountaynes. Hys minde was not to keepe vs occupyed in hys woorkes: but to guid our spirites to the verye springes. His wil was we shoulde heare God speake, and that by his woord true faythe and inuocation might be kindled in oure myndes, that God might be sincerely honored and adored, and that many might be made inherytors of the euerlasting life.

[Back to Top]

It behoueth vs thanckfullye to accepte hys good wil and greate laboures, and to imitate the same as our patrone, and by him to learne to adorne the church, according to our power. For we must referre all our life, enterprises, and deliberations, to ii. principall ends. First, to illustrate the glory of God. Secondly, to profite the church. As touching the fyrst, S. Paul sayeth: Doo all thinges to the glorye of God. 

Commentary  *  Close

1 Cor. 10: 31.

And of the second, it is said in þe C.xxii. Psalm. Pray that Ierusalem maye prosper, and there followeth a singuler promise added in this versicle: that suche as loue the churche, shall prosper and haue good successe. 
Commentary  *  Close

Psalm 122:6; the verse actually reads: 'Pray for the peace of Jerusalem, may those who love you prosper' (AV). Foxe, like many exegetes, interpreted Jerusalem as the Church.

Let these heauenly commaundementes, and deuine instructions allure all men to learne the true doctryne of the churche, to loue the faithfull minysters of the gospell, and the true teachers, and to employe their whole studye and diligence to augment the true doctrine, and maintain concord and vnity in the true church.

[Back to Top]
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield