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Actes and Monuments of the Church.
¶ Martine Luthers declaracyon of his doctrine, before the Emperoures Maiesty, Charles the fithe, the princes electors, the estates of the Empire, in the iorney and assembly of Princes at Wormes.

THe yere of our saluation 1521. aboute xvii. daies after Easter, Martin Luther entred Worms being sent for by the Emperour Charles the fithe of that name, king of Hispaine and Archduke of Austrich &c. Who the first yeare of his Empire, made an assemblye of Princes in this regal city. And wheras Martin Luther had published iii. yeres before, certain new propositiōs and such as before were neuer proponed, to be desputed in the towne of Wittēberge in Saxony, against the tiranny of the Pope (whyche not withstandinge were torne in peices, condempned and burned by the Papistes, and yet by no manifest scirptures, ne probable reason conuinced) they beganne to tende to tumulte and vprore, & yet Luther maintained all thys while, openly his cause against the cleargy. Whervpon it seemed good accordinge to the sollicitation of the Romaine legates, that Luther shoulde be called, assigninge vnto him an Herauld of armes, with letter of safe conduict by the Emperoure and Princes. MarginaliaLuther is sent for to Wormes.Beinge sent for, he came and addressed him to the knightes of the Rhodes place, wher he was lodged, wel entertained, and visited of many Earles, Barons, Knightes of thorder, Gentlemen, priests and the commenalty, who frequented hys lodging til night.

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To conclude he came, cōtrary to thexpectacion of many, as wel aduersaries as other. For allbeit he was sente for by the Emperoures messenger, and had letters of safe conduicte: Yet for that a fewe daies before his accesse, his bokes were condempned by publicke proclamacions, euery man beleued for this preiudice, he would not come. And the rather, forþt his frends deliberated together in a nygh village called Oppenhime (where Luther was first aduertised of these occurrentes) and many perswaded him not to submit him self to any daunger, considering howe theese begynninges answered not to the faithe of promyse made. Who, when he had hearde their whole perswasyon and aduise, he answeared in thys wise: MarginaliaConstancy in Luther.As touchinge me, synce I am sente for, I am resolued and certenly determined to enter Wormes, in the name of þe Lord Iesus Christ yea, although I knew there were so many deuils to resist me, as there are tiles to couer the houses in Wormes.

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The fourth daye after his repair, a gentleman, named Vlricke of Pappenhim, lieuete-nant general of the men of armes of the Empire, was commaūded by the Emperor before dinner, to repaire to Luther, and enioyne the same at iiii. a clocke in the after noone to appeare before themperial maiesty, the princes electors, dukes and other estates of thempire to vnderstand the cause of his sending for. Wher vnto he willingly agreed as his duetye was.

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And after iiii. a clock, Vlrick Pappēhim, and Caspar Sturm themperors herauld (who conducted Martin Luther from Wittenberge to Wormes) came for Luther, and accompanied him through the garden of the Knights of the Rhodes place, to the Earle Palatines palaice and leaste the people shoulde molest hym, that thronged in frequencye on the directe waye to to the Emperoures palaice, he was led by seacreate staires to the place where he was appoynted to haue audience. Yet many, who perceiued the pretence, violently rushed in, & wer resisted, allbeit in vain, many ascended the galleries, because they desired to behold Luther.

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MarginaliaLuther is brought before themperor.Thus standing before the Emperiall maiesty, the Electors, Dukes, Earles, and all the estates of thempire assembled there. He was firste aduertised by Vlricke of Pappenhim to keepe silence, till such time as he was interrogated. Then the ambassadoure of the Empyre named Ihon Ecke, the byshop of Triers generall officyall, with a loude and intelligible voyce, first in Latine, then in Dutch, according to the Emperors commaundement, saide and proponed this sentence in manner as ensueth or like in effect.

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Martine Luther, the sacred and inuyncible emperiall maiestye hathe enioyned by the consent of all the estates of the holy Empire, that thou shuldest be appealed before the throne of his maiestye, to the ende I mighte demaunde of thee these two poyntes.

MarginaliaInterrogacyon.First, if thou confessest these bookes here (for he shewed a heape of Luthers bokes, wrytten in the Latine and Dutche tonges) and which are in all places despersed, intituled with thy name, be thine, and thou doest affyrm them to be thine or no? Secondly, if thou wilt recant & reuoke them, and al that is contained in them or rather meanest to stande to that thou haste wrytten.

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Then before Luther prepared to aunswer, MarginaliaIerome Schurffe.master Ierome Schurffe, appoynted Luthers aduocate, exclamed: let the titles of the bookes be red. Forthwithe the officiall of Triers named certen of the bokes, and those principally which were imprinted at Basell, amonge the which he nominated his commentaries in the Psalter, his boke of good workes, his commētary vpon the Lords prayer, and diuers other which were not contentious.

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MarginaliaLuthers answer.After this Luther aunsweared thus in Latine and in Dutch: Two things are proponed

vnto
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