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472 [472]

Actes and Monuments of the Church.

nion ought to be ministred vnto the laye people vnder bothe kyndes, and for vpholding that priestes ought to haue wiues.

Herman Peterson & Iames Gosson taylers 

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Peterson and Gosson were imprisoned in one of the Compter prisons in London in March 1540 (L&P, Add. II, no. 1463). Their fate is unknown.

, douchmē, wer cōmitted to pryson in the counter in bredstreate, for that the sayd Iames, was neyther confessed in lent, nor receaued at Easter, whiche he sayde came through the councel of Hermā,whiche counsailed him, rather to geue thre or foure pence in almes to poore men, then to be howsled or shriuen. 
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'housled and shriven'; i.e., having received the eucharist and been absolved.

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Thomas Lancaster prieste, imprysoned in the counter in the poultry, for bringing in certen prohibited bookes.

Iohn Wyllock, Skottyshe frier, committed to the Fleete, for preaching against confessiō againste holye water, againstepraying to sainctes, & against purgatory, that priestes might haue wiues, and that the people ought not to praye for soules departed.

Iohn goodale, prysoner also in the Fleete. 

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John Goodale had been imprisoned in the Fleet back in 1528 for distributing heretical literature, but this abjuration probably stemmed from his arrest as a 'sacramentary' in 1539 (Fines).

Nicolas Southe, committed to pryson at Newgate, detected by two witnesses, that he was not shriuen in Lent nor receaued at Easter.

Thus gentle Reader, we haue briefly drawen out vnto you (as we could collect and gather them out of the registers) the moste parte of the names of al suche as haue bene forced to abiure and by the byshop recanted, duryng the tyme of the reigne of the mooste famous and worthy kynge Henry the eighte, of whiche nomber some died in seuerall prysons, other some were put into the Monasterie of sainte Bartholomewes, some were forced to beare faggottes, and to weare faggottes embrodored vpon their sleues, by the space of vii. years after, þe sample wherof we haue to shewe wt other sundrie moste shamefull and cruel punishmentes, and many were deliuered by generall pardon 

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This is an exaggeration. When Foxe eventually printed these cases in detail, he generally did not bother to mention the punishments imposed on those who abjured. This in itself suggests that they were fairly light. However, it should be remembered that the accused heretics were imprisoned awaiting trial.

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. Desiring you to holde vs excused, that we haue not here declared their seuerall causes, with their abiurations and sondry kindes of penaunce and punishement, whiche in this place for auoyding of prolixitie, we haue omitted, and partly for that their causes were nothing at all discrepant from suche as were at the same tyme burned. (Albeit they had not like force & constancie to perseuer in þe truthe) the great nomber of whome with their articles, examinations, proces, and condempnatiōs, because they are matters of more weight and effect, haue moued me with the more haste and spede, to passe ouer these aforesaid in such sorte, and so to come vnto their histories.

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Now therfore to return againe from whēce we haue disgressed to the yeare of our Lorde. 1519.

¶ Maistres Smith widdowe of Couentry with sixe other men burned.

Marginalia1519.VPō Ashewednisday in this year of our Lord God. 1519. In the City of Couentry. Iohn Bond thē being Maior. Thomas Dod and Thomas Crampe Shriues Their was taken for heresie (as they call it) by the said Shriues officers, and one Symond Mourtō then being somner Sixe men and one gentlewoman, at which time also one Robert Silkeb fled away and escaped vntaken. The names of them that were apprehended werethese. Robert Hatchetes, a shomaker, one Archer a shomaker, one Haukins a shomaker, Thomas Bound shomaker, one Wrigsham a glouer, one Landsdall a hosyer, & one maistres Smith a widow. The only cause of their apprehensiō was for that thei taught in their houses their childrē & family, the Lordes praier, the articles of the christian faith, and the. x. commaūdements in English, for the which they were put in prison. Some in places vnder the groūd and some in chambers and other places there aboutes vntill the next friday following. Vpon which day, they were sent from the fornamed places to a monastery called Mackstocke Abbey, sixe miles distant from the said City of Couentry. Wheare they wer prisoned in like maner as before, during which time of ther imprisonment, they being at the said abbey, their childern were sent for to the grayfriers in Couentry, before one frier Stafford with others, which frier Stafford thē was wardē of þe said gray friers. Who straightly examining these babes of their beliefe, and what heresy their fathers had taught them, charged them vpon payne of such death as their fathers should suffer, þt they in no wise shuld meddle wt þe Lordes prayer, the articles of the christian faith, and the. x. commaundemēts in english, which (said they) is abhominable heresie and therfor in no wise to be knowen. Now after that done the children departed thence home again. And on palme sonday following, which was þe sonday next before Easter, the fathers of these childrē were brought back again frō the said Abbey, to the City of Couentry, In which place they had borne (a fower yeares before or more) faggots in their churches and market sted. Now the weke followinge, being the weke before Easter, the Bishop and doctours called before thē the fornamed persones, and the said gentilwoman, saieng vnto them that they should were faggotes portured in their clothes, to signifie to the people that they wer heretickes. Than Robert Hatchetes hearinge that, said vnto the byshop these wordes. Why my Lorde (saieth he) we desyre no more but the Lordes prayer, the articles of the christian faythe, & the ten cōmaundementes in Englishe, whiche I thynke

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