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562 [56]

Actes and Monuments Of the Churche.

all and singuler the premisses so by vs doone, we notify and signify vnto your highnesse by these presentes sealed with oure seale. Dated the iii. day of Iuly in the yere of our lord 1533. And in the iii. yere of our consecration. 

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John Stokesley was provided to the see of London on 28 March 1530 and the temporalities assigned on 14 July. As he was out of the country at the time of his promotion, he was not actually consecrated bishop until 27 November 1530.

¶ The historye of the manner of apprehension, examination, and deathe of Andro Hewet, burned wyth master Frithe.

MarginaliaAndrew Hewet prētise to maister WarrēTHis yonge man Andro Hewet was prentise wt one ma. Warren, a tailor in Watling streat. And as it hapned that he wente vpon a holy day vp Fletestreat towards S. Dunstanes, he met with one William Holt which was forman with the kinges tailor at that present being master Malte, and being suspected by the same Holt, whiche was a dissembling fellowe, to be one that fauoured the Gospell, the saide Andrew departed from him, and wente into an honest house aboute Flete bridge, which was a boke sellers house. Then the same Holt, thinking he had found a good occasion to shew forth some frute of hys wickednesse, sent for certain officers, and searched the house, MarginaliaHewet apprehended.and finding the same Andrewe apprehēded him, and caried him to the bishops house, where he was cast in irons, and beinge there a good space, by meanes of a certaine honest man he had a file cōueied vnto him, MarginaliaThe man that gaue him this file was Valentine Frese the Painters brother, who was afterwarde wyth hys wyfe burned in yorkwherwith he filed of his ironnes, and when he spied his time, he got out of the gate. 

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Foxe is suggesting here that William Holt, one of the chancellor's spies, set up Andrew Huet (or Hewet) as part of a seemingly wider scheme to uncover a brethren cell. The story of the Freez family is an interesting side bar to Huet's release. Valentine Freez was the brother of Edward (an apprentice painter), the two sons of Frederick (a book printer of York). Foxe relates the story of Edward's arrest for heresy (c.1529) and his going insane while imprisoned in Lollard's Tower. Valentine evaded capture in London, but was taken by bishop Rowland Lee of Coventry and Lichfield after 1534 (L & P, vii, p.514) later to be executed as a sacramentarian in York, condemned not by the church courts but by the council in the North under the terms of the recent 'Act of Six Articles' - see 'Tudor York: Religion and the Reformation', in A History of the County of York: the City of York (London 1961), pp.142-155, which can be found on-line at http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36342.

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But being a manne vnskilfull to hide him selfe, for lacke of good acquaintaunce, he went into Smithfeld, and there he met with one Wythers, whiche was an hipocrite as Holte was, and the same Wythers made much of him. When he vnderstode howe he had escaped, and that he knewe not whether to goo, he said: go wyth me and I will see you prouided for. Then he kepte him in the Countrye, wher he had to do, from low Sonday till Whitsontide. And then broughte him to London, MarginaliaI. Chapman.to the house of one Ihon chapman in hosier lane beside Smithfeld, and there lefte him by the space of two daies. Then he came to the saide Chapmans house again, and brought Holt with him. And when they mette with the said Androw, they seemed as thoughe they would do him very much good, and Holt for his part said: that if he shoulde bringe anye man in trouble (as the voyce was that he had done the saide Androw) it were pitye but that the earthe should open and swallowe him vp, in so much that they woulde neades sup there that night, and prepared meate of their owne charges. And at night they came and brought certaine gests with them, because they woulde haue the matter seeme, as though it had comeoute by others. And when they hadde supped, they went their way, and Holte tooke oute of his purse two groates, and gaue them to the saide Androw, and embraced him in hys armes. 
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Huet must have been rather naïve and Holt and his accomplice played him skilfully. John Chapman was a 'known man' (a member of the Christian Brethren or Lollards) and provided a safe-house/cell near Smithfield. 'Wythers' could be another tailor, Christopher Ravyns of Witham who had previously abjured his radical beliefs.

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As they were gone oute, there came in one Ihon Tibaulde, MarginaliaIohn Tibald v. tymes in bādes for Christe.which was a manne that was banished from his owne house by an Iniunction. For he hadde beene foure tymes in prison for Christes cause. 
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John Tibald (Tybal) was a Lutheran sympathizer of Steeple Bumpstead in Essex, who had abjured his beliefs before Tunstal in 1528, had been in London since c.1526 when he and his Thomas Hills had come to purchase an English New Testament from Robert Barnes - see J E Oxley, The Reformation in Essex (Manchester, 1965), pp.10-14; Davis, pp.61-2.]. Tybal was not allowed to return to his home by virtue of injunction.

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And wythin an hour after that Holt, and Wythers were gone, the bishoppes Chauncelour, and sergeaunt Weuer came and brought with them the watche, and searched the house, where they founde the saide Ihon Chapman and the forenamed Androwe and Ihon Tibaulde, whome they boūd with ropes, whiche sergeaunte Weuer hadde broughte with him, and so caried them vnto the byshops house. 
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Stokesley's chancellor and vicar-general was Richard Foxford 'the persecutor and common butcher of good families of God' (BL Lansdowne MS. 979, fols.90,92v & 98). Chapman, Huet and Tibald were captured in possession of heretical books but taken to separate locations.

But Androwe Hewet they sent vp vnto the lowlardes tower 
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There were two prison-towers in London at this time, each known as Lollard's Tower. The old water tower at Lambeth Palace had been converted and was often used to hold accused heretics, often in stocks, and the bishop of London's prison within the precincts of St Paul's. Huet was probably taken to the latter.

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, and kepte Chapmanne and Tibaulde a sonder, watched with two priestes seruauntes. The nexte day Bishoppe Stokesly came from Fulham. And after they were examined with a fewe threatninge woordes, MarginaliaChapman in stockes.Chapman was committed to the stockes with this threat, that he should tell another tale, or elsse he shoulde sytte tyll hys hecles did droppe from his arsse, and Tibaulde was shutte vp in a close chamber, but by Gods prouision he was well deliuered oute of prysonne, but yet by that meanes he could not enioye his house and lande, because of the Byshoppes Iniunction. He was faine to sell all that he had in Essex, MarginaliaTibaulde inioyned not to come within vii. mile of hys house.for the tenoure of his Iniunction was that he should not come wythin vii. mile of his owne house, and the foresayde Chapman after v. wekes imprisonment, wherof three wekes he sate in the stockes, by muche sute made vnto my Lorde Chauncelor, whiche at that time was my Lord Audley, after many threatninges he was deliuered. 
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Chapman was eventually freed through the intervention of Sir Thomas Audley, More's successor as Lord Chancellor. Why he would put pressure on London's ecclesiastical machine is unknown, although Susan Brigden supplies a hint that Chapman and others had found favour with the new queen, Anne Boleyn (see, S. Brigden, London and the Reformation (Oxford, 1989), p.197). Huet had found no such favour, which suggests that he was a disciple of Frith and considered a sacramentarian (which condemned him in the eyes of the king).

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And the saide Androw Hewet, after longe and cruell imprisonment was condempned to death and burned with Ihon Frith, whose examination here followeth.

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The xx. daye of the monthe of Apryll, thys yonge manne Androw Hewet beinge a tailor of Feuersam in the County of Kent, of thage of xxiiii. yeares, was brought before the chaūceloure of London 

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Huet's examination before Stokesley, Longland and Gardiner is very similar to Frith's, and his beliefs on the eucharist seem to feature heavily.

, where was obiected againste him, that he beleued the Sacramente of the aultare after the consecration, to be but a signification of the bodye of Christ, and that the host consecrated was not the verye bodye of Christe. Nowe for so muche as this Artycle semed hainous vnto thē, they wold do nothing in it without the consent of learned counsail, where vpon the bishop of London associate wt the bishops of lincoln & Win. called him again before thē, wheras he being demaūded what he thought as touching the sacrament of the last

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