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Actes and Monuments of the Church.

electe, whereof Iesus Christe is head: of the ministers of the churche, whom they would shuld be remoued, onles they doo their dutie: of the magistrate, whome they graunte, to be ordeyned of God, to defende the good, and to punish the transgressours. And howe they owe hym not loue only, but also trybute and custome, & no man herein to be excepted, euen by the exāple of Christe, who payde trybute hym selfe: of baptisme, whiche they saye is a visyble and an outwarde sygne, that representeth vnto vs the renewyng of the spirite, and the mortification of the members: of the Lordes supper, whiche they saye, is a thankesgeuynge, and a memoriall of the benefite receiued through Christe: of matrimonie, whiche beyng holy and instituted of God, ought to be inhibited to no manne: of good workes, whiche they saye, we must obserue and exercise, as holy scripture teacheth: of false doctrine, whiche because it leadeth vs awaye frō true worshypping, they say: it ought to be eschewed: to be brief, the order and rule of theyr faythe, they affirme to be the olde and newe Testament, and doo proteste that they beleue all those thynges, that are conteined in the Crede of the Apostles. Finally, they desyre the kyng to geue credit to this declaration: for in case he be otherwise informed, it is not true and that they saye they will proue, if they may be heard. That tyme was the kyng occupied with affayres of warre, and therfore the matter slept: but when peace was made, it was renewed, and through the prouocation of many, brought to this wonderfull crueltie.

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¶ The accusation of Maister George Wysehart Gentlemā 
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This account of George Wishart's trial, which is the only text relating to Scotland to appear unchanged in all four early editions of the Acts and Monuments, is taken verbatim and in its entirety from David Lindsay, The tragical death of Dauid Beaton Bishoppe of sainct Andrewes in Scotland. Whereunto is ioyned the martyrdom of maister George Wyseharte gentleman (STC 15683: London, 1548?), sigs. C7v-F6r. Foxe was presumably introduced to this tract by John Day, who printed both it and the Acts and Monuments. Freeman, '"The reik of Maister Patrik Hammyltoun"', p. 46.

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, who suffered martyrdome for the faythe of Christ Iesu at S. Andrewes in Scotlande, the fyrst daye of Marche. In the yeare of our Lorde. M.D.xlvj. with the articles, which he was accused of, & his swete answers to the same, wherunto are ioyned his godly orations & prayers.

Marginalia1546WIth moste tendre affection and vnfayned harte, consyder (gentle Reader) the vncharitable maner of accusation of Mayster George Wyseharte, made by þe bloudie ennemies of Christes fayth. Note also the Articles whereof he was accused, by ordre dygested, and his meke aunsweres so farre as he hadde leaue and leasure to speake.

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MarginaliaThe loue of god taketh away al humain dreadFinally, ponder with no dissemblynge spyrite the tyrannicall fury, and infernall crudelitie of the malignaunt churche, in openynge the sayde Articles, and of the contrary the humble, pacient, and mooste pleasaunt aunsweres of Maister George, made to them sodenly with out all feare, not hauyng respecte to theyr glorious manassynges and bostious threates: but charitably and without stoppe of toungue answered, not mouyng hys countenaunce, nor chaungyng hys vysage, as in his accusation hereafter followyng manifestly shall appeare: to the sayde Maister George beyng in captiuitie in the Castel of saint Andrewes, the Deane of the same towne, MarginaliaThe deane of saint Andrews was summoner. was sent by the commaundement of the Cardynall, and his wycked coūsayle. And there summoned the sayde Mayster George, that he should vpon the morne folowynge, appeare before the Iudge, then and there to geue accoumpte of hys seditious and hereticall doctrine.

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MarginaliaA pretie taunt.To whome Maister George aunswered, what needeth (sayde he) my Lorde Cardinall to summon me to aunswere for my doctrine openly before hym, vnder whose power and dominion, I am thus strayghtlie bounde in Irons? Maye not my Lorde compelle me to answere of his extort power? Or beleueth he that I am vnprouyded to render accoumpt of my doctrine? To manifeste your selues, what menne ye are, it is well doone that ye keepe youre olde ceremonies and constitutiōs made by menne.

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Vpon the next morne, my Lorde Cardynall caused his seruauntes to addresse them selues in theyr mooste warlyke arraye, with Iacke, Knapskall, Splente, Speare and Axe, more semyng for the warre, then for the preachyng of the true worde of God.

And when these armed champions marchyng in warlyke order, hadde conueyed the byshoppes into the Abbaye churche: In continentlye they sent for Mayster George, who was conueyed into the sayde churche, by the Captayne of the Castell, and the nomber of an hundreth menne adressed in maner aforesayd. Lyke a lambe ledde they hym to sacrifice.

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MarginaliaMaister George his almes.As he entred in at the Abbay churche doore, there was a poore manne lyinge vexed wyth great infyrmities, askynge of his almesse, to whome he flange his purse. And whē he came before the Cardynall, by and by the Suppriour of the Abbaye, called Dane Iohn Wynrime, MarginaliaIohn Winrime preached. stoode vp in the pulpett and made a Sermone to all the Congregation there then assembled, takynge his matter out of the. xiii. Chapter of Mathewe 

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The parable of the wheat and the tares: Matthew 13:24-30.

. Whose Sermone was deuyded into foure pryncipall partes. The fyrste parte was a short and brief declaration of the Euangeliste.

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The seconde parte, of the interpretation of the good seede. And because he called the word of God the good seede, and heresye the euyll seede, he declared what heresye was, and how it shoulde be knowen, whyche he defyned on this manner.

Heresie
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