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96 [96]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

that he sayth to be contrary to the honour of God. And so by this means, he will vendicate and chalenge to him selfe both that is his, and mine also. And yet notwithstandinge for that I wil not seme to do any thing cōtrary or preiudiciall to Gods honour, MarginaliaThe kings offer to becket both charitable and resonable.this I offer him: Ther haue bene kinges in Englande before, both of greater and les puisance, than I am. Likewise there haue beene Bishoppes of Canterburye many both great and holi men, what the greatest and most holiest of all his predecessors before him, hath don to þe lest of my progenitors and predessors before me, let him do the same to me, & I am content. They that stode by, hearinge these wordes of the kinge, cried all with one voice, þe king hath debased himselfe inough to the bishope. The Archbishoppe staing alittle at this with scilēce, MarginaliaThe wordes of the french kinge.what, saieth the french kinge to him, my Lorde archbishop, what wil you be better than those holy men? will ye be greater than Peter? What stande you doubting? Here now haue you peace and quietnes put in your owne handes, if ye wil take it. To this the archbishop aūswering againe: Truth saith he, my predecessors before me wer much both better and greater than I, and of them euery one for his time, although he did not extirpe and cut of all, yet some thinge they did pluck vp and correct, which seamed aduerse & repugnant against Gods honor. For if they had takē altogether away, no such occasiō thā hadde bene left for any man, to rayse vp this fier of tētation now against vs, as is now raised, to proue vs with al þt we being so proued with them, might also be crouned with them, beinge likewise partakers of there prayse and reward, as wee are of theyre laboure and trauayle. And thoughe some of theim haue bene slacke, or exceade in there deutye doinge, in that we are not bounde to followe there ensample.

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Peter when he denied Christ, we therfore rebuke him: But when hee resisted the rage of Nero, therein we commend him. And therfore bycause he could not finde in his conscience to consent vnto, he ought in no wise to dissemble with him, neither did, by reasen wherof, he lost his life. By such like oppressiones the churche hath alwayes growē. Marginaliathis maior if it had ben ioined with a good Minor hadde made a good argument.Our forfathers and predecessors, bycause they woulde not dissemble the name and honoure of christe, therfore they suffered. And shall I to haue the fauour of on man, suffer the honor of Christ to be supprest. MarginaliaEx quadrilogo.The nobles standinge by, hearinge him thus speake, were gretly agreued with him, noting in him arrogācy and wilfulnes, in perturbing and refusinge such an honest offer of agremēt but specially one amonge the rest, who there openly protested, that seinge the Archbishop so refused the councell and requeste of bothe the kingedomes, hee was not worthy to haue thehealpe of either other whom as the kingdome of englande had reiected, so the kingedome of Fraunce should not enterteine.

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Alamus, Herbertus, and certain other of his chapleines that committed to story the doings of Becket, do record (whether truly or no I cā not say) that after this, the french king sending for him, as one much sorowing and lamēting the wordes that he had spokē, at the comminge of becket, did prostrate him selfe at the fete of the archbishop, confessinge his fault in geuing that counsell to him in such a cause pertening to the honoure of god, to relent therin, and to yeld to the plesure of man: wherfore declaring his repentāce, desired to be assoiled therof. So that after this the french king & becket were greate frindes together in somuch that king Henry sending to the kinge, to entreate him & desire him, that hee woulde not supporte nor mainteine his enemy, within his realme: The french kinge vtterly denied the kinges request takinge part rather with the Arcebishop then with him.

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Besides theise quarelles and grudges betwixt the kinge and the Archbishoppe aboue mentioned, there folowed yet moreouer another, which was this. Shortly after this communication betwen the kinges and becket, þe kinge of Englande retourninge againe from Normandy to england, which was the yeare of our lord, 1170. and the 16. yere of his raigne about midsomer kept his court of parliament at Westminster. In the whiche parliamente through the assent both of the clergy, and the lordes temporall, caused his sonne Henry to be crowned king. Which coronation was don by the handes of Roger Archbishop of yorke with the assistance of other bishoppes ministring to the same as Gilbert of London: Goceline of Salesbury: Hugo of Duresme: And Gualter of Rochester. by reson wherof Becket of Canterbury beinge there nother mentioned nor called for, toke no littel displesure. And so did Lodouike the french king, hearing that Margaret his doughter was not also crowned with her housband Wherupō gathering agreate army marched into Normandye. But that matter was sone composid by the king of Englande, who sending his sonne to him into Normandye, intreatide theyre and concluded peace with him promising that his sōne shuld be crowned again and than his daughter to be crowned also. But the Archbishop not ceasing his displeasure and emulation, sente vnto the Pope compleininge of theise fower bishoppes especially of the Archbishoppe of Yorke who durst be so bold, in his absence, and withoute his knowledge or his licence to intermeddle, to crowne the kinge, beinge a matter proper and peculier to his iurisdiction. At the instāce of whome, the pope sent downe the sentence of

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