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1171 [1171]

K. Henry. 8. The fall of Cardinall Wolsey.

the spirituall Lordes assented to them all, though they were sore agaynst their myndes, and in especiall the probate of Testamentes sore displeased the Bishops, and the Mortuaries sore displeased the persones and Vicares.

MarginaliaThe third bill of the cōmons for pluralities. &c.After these Actes, thus agreed, the commons made an other Acte for pluralities of benefices, none residence, biyng and sellyng and takyng of fermes by spirituall persons, whiche Acte so displeased the spiritualtie, that the Priestes rayled on the commons of the lower house, and called them heretickes and schismatikes, for the which diuerse Priestes were punished.

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This Acte was sore debated aboue in the Parlament chamber, and the Lordes spirituall would in no wise consent. Wherefore the kyng perceiuyng the grudge of hys commons, caused viij. Lordes and viij. of his commons to mete in the starre chamber at an after none, and there was sore debatyng of the cause, in so much that the temporall Lordes of the vpper house, which were there, tooke part with the Commons, agaynst the spirituall Lordes, and by force of reason, caused them to assent to the Byll with a litle qualifiyng, which Byll the next day was wholy agreed to, in the Lordes house, to the great reioysing of the lay people, and to the great displeasure of the spiritual persons.

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And thus much concernyng these Bylles agaynst the Clergy, by the way. Now, to returne to the Cardinall agayne: duryng the tyme of the sayd Parlament, there was brought downe to the commons, the booke of Articles whiche the Lordes had put vp to the kyng, agaynst the Cardinall. The chiefe Articles were these.

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MarginaliaArticles against the Cardinall.1 FIrst, that he, without the kynges assent, had procured to be Legate, by reason whereof he tooke away the right of all Byshops and spirituall persons.

2 In all writinges that he wrote to Rome, or to any other Prince, he wrote: Ego & Rex meus, I and my kyng, as who would say, that the kyng were his seruaunt.

3 That hee slaundered the Churche of England to the Court of Rome: for his suggestion to be Legate, was to reforme the Churche of England, which (as he wrote) was, Facta in reprobum sensum.

4 He without the kynges assent, caryed the kynges great Seale with hym into Flaunders, whē he was sent Ambassadour to the Emperour.

5 Without the kynges consent, hee sent Commission to to Syr Gregory de Cassalis knyght, to conclude a leage betwene the kyng and the Duke of Ferrarie.

6 That he hauyng the Frenche pockes presumed to come and breath on the kyng.

6 That hee caused the Cardinals hat to bee put on the kynges coyne.

7 That he had sent innumerable substaunce to Rome, for the obteynyng of his dignities, to the great impouerishement of the Realme, with many other thynges, whiche are touched more at large in Chronicles.

These Articles with many mo, being read in the common house, were cōfessed by the Cardinall, & signed with his hand. Also there was shewed an other writyng sealed with his seale, by the whiche hee gaue to the kyng all hys moueables and vnmoueables.

MarginaliaAn. 1530You haue heard hetherto declared how the Cardinall was attaynted in the Premunire, and how hee was put out of the office of the Chauncelour, and lay at Asher: whiche was in the yeare of our Lord. 1530. The next yeare after, in the Lent season, the kyng, by the aduice of his coūsaile, licenced him to go into his dioces of Yorke, and gaue hym commaundement to kepe hym in hys dioces, and not to returne Southward, without the kynges speciall licence in writyng.

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So hee made great prouision to go Northwarde, and apparelled his seruauntes newlye, and bought many costlye thynges for his housholde, but diuers of hys seruauntes at thys tyme, departed from hym to the kynges seruice, and in especiall Thomas Crumwell, one of his chiefe Counsaile and chiefe doer for him in the suppression of Abbeys. After that all thynges necessarie for his iourney were prepared, he tooke his iourney Northward, till he came to Southwell, which was in hys dioces, and there he continued that yeare, euer grudging at his fal, as you shal heare hereafter: but þe landes which he had geuē to hys Colledges in Oxford and Ypswych, were now come to the kynges handes, by his atteynder in the Premunire, and yet the kyng of his gentlenes, and for fauour that hee bare to good learnyng, erected agayne the Colledge in Oxford, and where it was named the Cardinals Colledge, MarginaliaThe Cardinalls Colledge, now called Christes Colledge in Oxford.hee called it the kynges Colledge, and endewed it with fayre possessions, & ordayned newe statutes and ordinaunces, and for because the Colledge of Ypswych was thought to be nothyng profitable, therfore he left that dissolued.

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Notwithstāding that þe Cardinall of Yorke, was thus attainted in the Premunire (as is aboue mencioned) yet the kyng beyng good vnto hym, had graunted him the Bishoprikes of Yorke and Winchester, with great plenty of substaunce, and had licenced him to lye in his dioces of Yorke, where he so continued the space of a yeare. MarginaliaThe Cardinall complayneth to the Pope, of the king.But after, in the yeare followyng, which was. 1531. he beyng in hys dioces, wrote to the Courte of Rome, and to diuers other Princes, letters in reproch of the kyng, and in as much as in him lay, he stirred them to reuenge his cause agaynst the kyng and his realme, in so much, that diuers opprobrious wordes against the kyng, were spokē to Doct. Edward Keerne, the kings Oratour at Rome, and it was sayd to hym, that for the Cardinals sake, the kyng should haue the worse spede in the suite of his Matrimony. The Cardinall also would speake fayre to the people to wynne their heartes, and declared euer, that he was vniustly and vntruly ordered, whiche fayre speakyng made many men beleue that he sayd true: and to Gentlemen hee gaue great giftes to allure them vnto him: and to be had in more reputatiō among the people, MarginaliaThe Cardinalls proude iourney toward Yorke.hee determined to bee installed or inthronised at Yorke with all the pompe that might be, & caused a throne to be erected in the Cathedrall Church in such an heyght & fashion, as was neuer sene, and sent to all the Lordes, Abbottes, Priours, Knyghtes, Esquiers and Gentlemen of his dioces, to bee at his Manor of Cawod the. vi. day of Nouēber, and so to bryng him to Yorke, with all maner of pompe and solempnitie.

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The kyng, whiche knew his doynges and priuye conueiaunce, all this yeare dissembled the matter, to see what he would do at length, till that he sawe his proude hart so highly exalted, that he would be so triumphantly installed without makyng the kyng priuye, yea and in maner, in disdayne of the kyng, thought it not mete nor conuenient to suffer him any longer, to cōtinue in his malicious and proude purposes and attemptes: wherefore hee directed his letters to the Earle of Northumberland, willyng him with all diligence, to arrest the Cardinall, and to deliuer him to the Earle of Shrewsbury, great Stewarde of þe kynges houshold. When the Earle had sene the letters, he with a conuenient nūber, came to the Manor of Cawod the. iiij. day of Nouember, and when hee was brought to the Cardinall in his chamber, MarginaliaThe Cardinall arested.he sayd to hym, my Lord I pray you take patience, for here I arrest you. Arrest me, said the Cardinall? Yea said the Earle, I haue a commaundemēt so to do. You haue no such power, said the Cardinal, for I am both a Cardinal and a Legate De Latere, and a Pere of the Colledge of Rome, and ought not to be arrested by any Temporal power, for I am not subiect to that power, wherefore if you arrest me, I will withstand it. Well said the Earle, here is the kings Commission (whiche he shewed hym) and therefore I charge you to obey. The Cardinall somewhat remembred hym selfe, and sayd, wel my Lord I am content to obey, but although that I by negligence fell into the punishment of the Premunire, and lost by the law, all my lādes & goods, yet my person was in the kynges protection, and I was pardoned that offence, wherefore I maruell why I now should be arrested, and specially consideryng that I am a mēber of the Sea Apostolicke, on whō no Temporal mā

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