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1224 [1224]

K. Henry. 8. A Table of persons abiured, with their articles.

Persons abiured,with their Articles.

Richard
Kechyn,
Priest.
1529.

Hys Articles: That pardons graunted
by the Pope, are naught, and that men
should put no trust in them, but onely in
the Passion of Christ. That he beyng lead
by the wordes of the Gospell: Mat. 7. De
MarginaliaVia lata, via augusta.via lata, & angusta, & also by the epistle of the
Masse begynnyng: Vir fortissimus Iudas, had
erred in the way of the Pope, and thought,
þt there were but ij. wayes, & no Purgato-
ry. That men ought to worshyp no Ima-
ges, nor set vp lyghtes before them. That
Pilgremage doth nothyng auayle. That
the Gospell was not truly preached for the
space of three hundreth yeares past. &c.

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William
Wegen,
Priest, at S.
Mary hill.
1529.

Hys Articles: That he was not bounde
to say his Mattins nor other seruice, but to
sing with þe Queere til they came to pryme,
and then saying no more seruice, thought he
myght well go to Masse. That he had sayd
Masse oftentimes, and had not sayd hys
Mattins and hys diuine seruice before.
That he had gone to Masse without confe-
ssion made to a Priest. That it was suffici-
ent for a man beynge in deadlye synne, to
aske God mercy onely for hys synne, with-
out farther confession made to a Priest.
That he held agaynst Pylgremages, & cal-
led Images stockes, and stones, & witches.
Item, that hee beyng sicke went to the
Roode of S. Margerete Patens, and sayd
before hym xx. Pater nosters, and when he
saw hym selfe neuer the better, then he sayd,
a foule ill take hym, and all other Images.
Item, that if a man keepe a good tongue in
hys head, hee fasteth well. Item, for com-
mendyng Luther to be a good man, for prea-
chyng twise a day. &c. For saying that the
Masse was but a ceremony, and made to
the entent that men should pray onely. Itē,
for saying, that if a mā had a payre of beades,
or a booke in hys hand at the Church, and
wer not disposed to pray, it was naught. &c.

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William
Hale holy-
vvater
clerke of
Tolenham.
1529.

Hys Articles: That offeryng of money &
candels to Images dyd not auayle, syth we
are iustifyed by the bloude of Christe.
Item, for speakyng agaynst worshyppyng
of Sainctes, and the Popes pardons. For
saying, that syth the Sacramentes that the
Priest doth minister, bee as good as they,
whiche the Pope doth minister, hee dyd
not see but the Priest had as good authori-
tye, as the Pope. Item, that a man should
confesse hym selfe to God onely, and not to
a Priest. &c.

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William Blomfeld
Monke of Bury. 
Commentary  *  Close

Almost certainly this the same william Blomefield, a Benedictine monk, who publicly denounced evgeryone in religious orders and who was imprisoned in Norwich (Thomas More, The Apology, ed. J. B. Trapp, CWTM9 [New Haven, CT, 1979], p. 113).

Abiured for the lyke causes.


Iohn Tyn-
ll. 
Commentary  *  Close

John Tyndale, a merchant tailor, had been excommunicated and handed over to the secular arm for burning in May 1529 (TNA C/85/188/28). Normally this was the first step in the process of execution for heresy, presumablyonly a sudden abjuration saved him. Later in November 1530, John Tyndale, along with Thomas Somers and Thomas Patmore (Susan Brigden, Londonand the Reformation [Oxford, 1989], p. 206) were publicallyshamed and placed in the pillory in London for smuggling William Tyndale'stranslation of theBible and other heretical works into the capital (Cal. S. P. VenIII, p. 271; Cal. S. P. Spanish IV,1, pp. 820-1; 'Two London Chronicles', ed.C. L. Kingsford in Camden Society Miscellany XII, third series 18 [London, 1910], pp. 4-5 and BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 15r). Foxe will later describe Thomas Somers'sexperiences on this occasion (1570, p. 1381; 1576, pp. 1178-9 and 1583, p. 1207).For more on John Tyndale see Susan Brigden, 'Thomas Cromwell and the "Brethren"'in Law and the Government under the Tudors: Essays presented to Sir Geoffrey Elton,ed. C. Cross, D. Loades and J. Scarisbrick [Cambridge, 1988], pp. 33 and 36-7).

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1530.

For sendyng v. markes 
Commentary  *  Close

John Tyndale was the younger brother of William Tyndale, then in exile in Antwerp.

to hys brother
William Tyndall beyond the sea, and for re-
ceauyng and kepyng with hym certein let-
ters from hys brother.


William
Worseley,
Priest, and
Hermite.
1530.

Hys Articles: For preachyng at Hale-
stede, hauyng the Curates licence, but not
the Byshops. Item, for preachyng these
woordes: that no man rydyng on Pilgre-
mage hauyng vnder hym a softe sadle, & an
easye horse, should haue any merite therby,
but the horse, & the sadle. &c. Itē, for saying
that hearyng of Mattins and Masse, is not
the thyng that shall saue a mans soule, but
onely to heare the worde of God.

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Iohn Stacy
Tyler. 
Commentary  *  Close

John Stacy was a warden of the bricklayers company. He was charged in 1531 for aiding - and having converted - the evangelical martyr Richard Bayfield (1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993 and 1583, p. 1021). He would testify against Thomas Phillips and then abjured (1570, p. 1185; 1576, p. 1014 and 1583, pp. 1041-1042).

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1530.

Hys Articles were agaynst Purgatory,
which he sayd to be but a deuise of þe Priests
to get money. Agaynst fastynges dayes by
mans prescriptiō, and choyse of meates. A-
gaynst superfluous holy dayes. Item, a-
gaynst Pilgremage. &c.

Persons abiured,with their Articles.

Laurence
Maxwell
Tayler. 
Commentary  *  Close

The text reads 'tayler' but this is a misprint of 'tyler'. On Laurence Maxwell see 1563, p. 418.


1530.

Hys Articles: That the Sacrament of
the altar was not the very bodye of Christ,
in flesh and bloud: but that he receaued hym
by the worde of God, and in remembraūce
of Christes Passion. Item, that the order of
Priesthode is no Sacrament. That there is
no Purgatory. &c.

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Thomas
Cursonne,
Monke of 
Commentary  *  Close

Curson had been an Augustinian monk. (See Ralph Houlbrooke, 'Persecution of Heresy and Protestantism in the diocese of Norwich under Henry VIII', Norfolk Archaeology 35 [1972], p. 323).


Eastacre in
Northfolke.
1530.

Hys Articles were these: For goyng out
of the Monastery and chaūging his weede 
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., abandoning his monastic habit.

,
and letting hys crowne to grow, workyng
abroade for his liuing, makyng copes & ve-
stementes. Also for hauyng the new Testa-
ment of Tyndals translation, and an other
booke conteynyng certeyne bookes of the
old Testament, translated into English by
certeyn, whom the Papistes call Lutherans.

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Thomas
Cornwell,
or Ausly. 
Commentary  *  Close

Thomas Austy was the son-in-law of Thomas Vincent (BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 12r). In 1527, Austy would would be condemned to perpetual imprisonment as an obdurate heretic, but he escaped.


1530.

Hys Articles. It it was obiected, that
hee beyng enioyned aforetyme by Richarde
Fytziames Byshop of London, for hys pe-
naunce to weare a Fagot brodered vppon
hys sleue vnder payne of relapse, hee kepte
not the same, and therfore he was condem-
ned to perpetuall custody in the house of S.
Barthelemew, from whence afterward he
escaped and fled away.

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Thomas
Philippe.
1530.

Thomas Philippe was deliuered by Syr
Thomas More, to Byshop Stokesley by indē-
ture. Besydes other Articles of Purgatory,
Images, the Sacrament of the altar, ho-
lydayes, kepyng of bookes, and such lyke,
it was obiected to hym, that he beyng sear-
ched in the Tower, had founde about hym
Tracyes Testament, and in hys chamber in
the Tower was found cheese and butter in
Lent tyme. Also that he had a letter deliue-
red vnto hym goyng to the Tower. Which
letter, with the Testament also of Tracye,
because they are both worthy to be sene, we
mynde (God willing) to annexe also to the
story of this Thomas Philippe. As he was of-
tentymes examined before M. More and the
Byshop, hee alwayes stode to hys denyall,
neither could there any thyng bee proued
clearely agaynst hym, but onely Tracyes Te
stamēt 
Commentary  *  Close

This is the tract, edited by William Tyndale and John Frith, onWilliam Tracy and his will (In 1535, a copy of the will, with commentaries by William Tyndale and John Frith, was printed in Antwerp: the testament of master William Tracie esquier (Antwerp, 1535), STC 24167.

& his butter in Lent. One Stacy first
bare witnes against hym, but after in the
Court openly he protested that he dyd it for
feare. The Byshop then wyllyng hym to
submitte hym selfe, and to sweare neuer to
holde any opinion contrary to the determi-
nation of holy Churche, he sayd hee would.
And when the forme of his abiuration was
giuen hym to read, he read it, but þe Byshop
not content with that, would haue hym to
read it openly. But that he would not, and
sayd he would appeale to the king supreme
head of the Church, and so did. Still the By
shop, called vpon to hym to abiure. He aū-
swered, that he would be obediēt, as a Chri
sten man should, and that he would sweare
neuer to hold any heresye duryng hys lyfe,
nor fauour any heretickes.
But þe bishop not yet content, would haue
hym to read the abiuratiō after þe forme of þe
Church cōceaued, as it was gyuen him. He
aunswered agayn, that he would forsweare
all heresyes, & that he would mayntayne no
heresies, ne fauour any heretickes. The Bi-
shop with this would not be aūswered, but
needes would dryue hym to the abiuration
formed after the Popes Church. To whom
he sayd, if it were the same abiuratiō, that he
read, he would not read it, but stand to hys
appeale made to the king, the supreme head
of the Churche vnder God. Agayne the By
shop asked hym, if hee would abiure or not.
Except (said he) you will shew me the cause,
why I should abiure, I will not say yea
nor nay to it, but will stand to my appeale,
and requyred the Byshop to obey the same.
Then the Byshop readyng openly the Bill
of excommunication agaynst hym, denoun-

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