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1257 [1257]

K. Henry. 8. The Oration of Syr Raffe Sadler to the king of Scottes.

ted vnlesse the subuersion of those superstitious houses had bene ioyned with all.

MarginaliaSuppression of Abbeys first beginneth in England.Whereupon the same yeare, in the moneth of October, the king hauing then Tho. Cromwell of his counsail, sent Doct. Lee to visite the Abbeys, Priories, and Nunries in all England, & MarginaliaReligious men vnder age, let out of monasteryes.to set at libertye all such Religious persons, as desyred to be free, and all other that were vnder the age of xxiiij. yeres: Prouiding withall that such monkes, chanons, & fryers as were dimissed, should haue gyuen them by the Abbot or Priour, in stede of their habite, a secular priestes gowne, and xl. shyllynges of money: and lykewyse the Nonnes to haue such apparell as secular wemen dyd then cōmenly vse, and suffered to goo, where they woule. MarginaliaTheking first beginneth with the iuells of Abbeys.At which time also, from the said Abbeys and Monasteries were taken theyr chiefe iewels and reliques.

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MarginaliaAn. 1536WHen the Kyng had thus establyshed hys supremacye, & all thyngs were well quyeted within the Realme, he like a wise Prince, & hauing wise counsaile about hym, forecastyng with him self, what foreine daūgers might fall vnto hym by other countreys about, whiche al were yet in subiection to þe Bishop of Rome saue only a few Germane Princes, and misdoubtyng the malice of the Pope: to prouide therfore by tyme for perils that might ensue, thought good to keepe in, by all meanes possible, with other Princes.

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MarginaliaA solemne procession in London for ioye of the French kinges health.And first to entertaine the fauour of the Frenche kyng, 

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According to Holinshed, this procession took place on 11 November 1536 (but very little is made of it). [See Raphael Holinshed, The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (London, 1587), p.939].

who had bene sicke a lytle before, and nowe was latelye recouered to health, in signifycation of publyke ioye and frendshyp, the kyng commaunded a solemne & famous procession to be ordeined through the Cytye of London, with the waites and children of grammer scholes, with the masters and vshers in their araye: Then folowed the orders of the fryers, and chanons and þe Priours with their pompe of Copes, crosses, candelstyckes, & vergers before them. After these folowed the next pagean of Clerkes and Priestes of London, all in copes lykewyse. Then the Monkes of Westmynster and other Abbeys, with theyr glorious gardeuiance of crosses, candelstickes, & vergers before them in lyke sorte. Last of all came þe queere of Paules, with their residensaryes, the Byshop of London and the Abbottes folowyng after in their pontificalibus. After these courses of the Clergy, went the companies of the Citie, with the Lord Maior and the Aldermen in their best apparell, after their degrees. And lest it might be thought this procession of the Church of London to make but a small or a beggerly shewe, the furniture of the gay copes there worne was counted to the number of 714. Moreouer to fill vp the ioy of this processiō, and for the more high seruice to almightie God, beside the singing queeres, & chauntyng of the Priests, MarginaliaA pyping procession.there lacked no minstrels withall, to pype at the procession. Briefly here lacked nothyng els, but onely þe ordinaunce to shote of also. But because that is vsed in þe processions at Rome, therfore for difference sake, the same is reserued onely for the Popes owne processions, and for none other, in the moneth of October.

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This grande procession was appoynted, for a triumphe or a thankes giuyng for the late recouery of the Frenche kynges health, as is aforesayd.

Ouer and besides this, the knig to nourishe and reteine amitie with kynges and princes, lest the Pope beyng exiled now out of England, should incite them to warre agaynst him, directed sondry Ambassadours, and messengers, with letters and instructions. MarginaliaAmbassadours sent to sondry kings.To the Emperour was sent Syr Tho. Wyat. To the French kyng, Syr Fraūces Bryan, and Doct. Edw. Foxe, who was also sent to þe princes of Germanie. To the Scottes king was sent 

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Sadler had been in the service of Cromwell and was made a gentleman of the king's privy chamber in 1536 and had been sent to Scotland to oppose the efforts of Cardinal Beaton with regard to an Franco-Scottish alliance.

Syr Raffe Sadler, gentleman of the kyngs priuye chamber.

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In Scotland the same tyme were cast abroad diuers rayling ballets, and sclaunderous rimes against þe king of England, for castyng of the Lady Dowager, and for abolishyng the Pope: MarginaliaSyr Raffe Sadler ambassadour to the Scottes king.for the which cause the foresayd Syr Raffe Sadler beyng sent into Scotland wt lessons & instructions how to addresse him self accordingly, after he had obteyned accesse vnto the kyng, and audiēce to bee heard, first declareth the affectuous and harty commendations from the kynges maiestie hys graces vncle 

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James V was the son of Margaret Tudor, Henry's elder sister, who had married James IV on 8 August 1503.

, and withall deliuered his letters of credence. Whiche done, after a fewe wordes of courtlye interteinement, as occasion serued hym to speake, the sayd Syr Raffe Sadler obteynyng audience, thus began in the kyng hys masters behalfe, to declare, as foloweth.

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¶ The Oration of the kinges Ambassadour.

MarginaliaThe oration of Syr Rafe Sadler, to the Scottish king.WHeras there is nothing, after the glory of almightye God, in this worlde so much to be tendered by Kynges, Princes, or any honest persons, or so highlye to be regarded & defended, as their honour, estimatiō, good fame and name, which who soeuer neglecteth, is to be estemed vnnaturall, and vnlesse a man labour to auoyde and extinguishe the false reportes, sclaunders, & diffamations made of hym by malitious persons, hee may well be suspected, in conscience to condemne hym selfe: the kyng your vncle consideryng the same, and hearing of sondrye ballets, criminations, and famous libelles, made and vntruly forged and deuysed in Scotland agaynst hys grace, by your graces subiectes, not onely vppon trust to fynde with your grace such naturall affection, frendshyp, and amitie, as the nearenes of bloud betwene vncle & nephewe, necessitude of reuerence, proximitie both of kynne and of dominions together doth require: but also vppon assuraunce, that your grace and wisedome will consider howe these sclaunders and diffamations, although they were but against a priuate person, what soeuer he were, most cōmonly redounde and are imputed to the whole degree & estate: as the diffamation of kings toucheth kynges, and so of other degrees, and dignities: doth send at thys tyme to your grace, hys nephewe (other hee might haue sent more worthy, but me at thys tyme for lacke of better, hath he sent) to desire, pray, & require your grace, that according as the nearenes of bloud, cōnexion of estate, & other thinges before expressed, of right & iustice do require: beseching your grace, gently to way & balance, and well to ponder the malice of these the sayd sclaunderers, and to call in agayne all the sayd diffamatorye ballets, libelles, and other writynges, punishyng the authors and setters forth therof, accordyng to their demerites: and furthermore, to cause open proclamations to be made thorow your realme, þt none of the inhabitantes there shall in any maner wise so misuse him selfe hereafter, vpon such great payne and punishment, as to your grace, and your coūsaile shalbe thought conuenient for the transgression therof: so that other by their correctiō and by the fearefull example of the penaltie, may beware how to committe the lyke offence in tyme commyng. MarginaliaEuill example a pernitious thing in a cōmon wealth.The example of such sclaunders is very pernicious to all kyngs. For by such sclaunders of other Princes, the sclaunderers take boldenes so to deale afterward with their owne king, as they haue done with other, and the next steppe from such slaunderous wordes, is to attempt deedes, and so to fall to sedition: of the importaunce and daunger wherof no man is ignoraunt.

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Wherfore, your grace, at the contemplation of your deare vncle in tenderyng his procedynges, shall do well to folow therin the louyng steppes of hys good brother & allye the French kyng, who hath already at Roane & sundry places els, caused certaine slaunderous preachers to bee sore punished: and further directed cōmissions through his realme for repressing the same: As also other Princes shall be ready (his maiesty trusteth) to do the like in their dominions, if lyke occasion shalbe geuen to require the same of thē. In which so doyng your grace may be assured in this your gentle

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