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1290 [1290]

K. Henry. 8. Byshop Longlands Sermon agaynst the Pope.

the feast of purgation, when the people were purged. At which tyme they should take a calfe & a kyd & slay them: MarginaliaHeb. 11.Whose bloud the onely Byshop should bryng, In sancta sanctorum, into the most holy, solemne and secret place of the temple: wherein the Byshop neuer came, vnles hee brought with him bloud, bloud to offer in Sacrifice. Quia omnia ferè in sanguine secundum legem mundabantur, & sine sanguinis effusione non fit remissio, sayth the Apostle. Almost all thynges after the lawe or in the law, were clensed in bloud, and by bloud: and without the effusion of bloud, was no remission. And in that place of the temple called Sancta sanctorum, the Byshop prayed and offered for the people. The flesh and corps of the Sacrifice was burned without the tentes, without their pauilions. And it was not lawfull to any that did serue the tabernacle, to eate of the fleshe of that Sacrifice.

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Here is a manifest figure (as I sayd) of the Passion of our Sauiour Christ. The aulter that was cōsecrate and halowed in this solemnitie of the bloud of the eternall Testament, was that holy Crosse that Christ suffered on. Whiche as on this day, he did consecrate, halow, dignifie and dedicate, and did adourne and decke the same with the members of his most precious body, more gloriously then if it had bene enbrodered and inserte with precious stones. For as golde which is the moste precious metall, is made more precious when it is set with preci-cious stones, and is dignified therewith, whether it bee aulter, image, crowne, ryng or owch: so was this aulter the holy Crosse, beautified, dignified, adourned & made precious with the members of that most precious stone Christ, which is as Peter sayth: Lapis viuus, ab hominibus reprobatus, a deo electus, probatus, angularis & præciosus. Marginalia1. Pet. 2.
The stone Christ.
Thys Christ is (he sayth) the liuely stone, whiche men did reproue, which God dyd elect for the approued stone, for a corner stone, for the chief stone in the buildyng of hys Churche, for the stone that ioyneth the walles of the Churche together, for the stone whereupon the fayth of Christ, and his Church is builded. A precious stone, a stone of price, a stone of hygh value, farre passyng in the estimatiō of a good Christē mā, all other precious stones in the worlde. This precious stone Christ, with the members of hys most precious body, dyd decke, adourne and made precious this aulter the Crosse, when hys body was by the Iewes, with violencye, extremely strayned vppon the same, that all hys bones (as testifieth the Prophet) mought be nombred. MarginaliaPsal. 21.
Christ the sacrifice of the world.
Vppon this aulter was the great Sacrifice of the world offred, Christ hym selfe. He was the Sacrifice, and he was the Priest. He offered vp hym self to God his father, for the sinne of mā. Obtulit semetipsum immaculatum deo, vt sanctificaret inquinatos, MarginaliaHeb. 9. sayth the Apostle. He offered hym selfe a pure, cleane, immaculate hoste to God, to redeme the world, to sanctifye sinners, to iustify man.

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This Christ the Byshop of good thynges to come (as the Apostle witnesseth) MarginaliaHeb. 9.entred once into the place called Sancta sanctorum, not onely of the tēple, but in Sancta sanctorum, into that holy place of places, into heauen. He entred with sacrificed bloud like a Byshop. Not with the bloud of goates or calues, not with the bloud of rammes or bulles: but with his owne most precious bloud. MarginaliaHeb. 9.
Leuit. 16.
For if the bloud of goates and bulles, and the ashes of the burned calfe sprinkled abroad, were sufficient to the making cleane of the fleshe: how much more then, the bloud of Christ (who by the holy Ghost, did offer vp him self to God, a most pure, most cleane, & immaculate sacrifice) is able to purge, clense and make fayre our consciences frō the workes of death, and to lyue in the liuing God?

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This is our great Byshop as the Apostle sayth: Habemus pontificem magnum qui penetrauit cœlos, Iesum filium dei. MarginaliaHeb. 4.
Our great, hygh, and vniuersall Bishop is only Christ.
We haue a great Byshop, whiche did penetrate the heauens, whose name is Iesus the sonne of God. This is our great Bishop, our high Byshop, our vniuersall Byshop. This is the head Byshop of all Byshops and of the world, named of God (as the Apostle sayth) to bee our great Byshop, MarginaliaHeb. 5.properly called Summus pontifex, the hyghest Byshop, the Byshop of Byshops. For this is he onely that is Summus, maximus & vniuersalis pontifex.

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MarginaliaThe pride of the pope.The Bishop of Rome therfore ought herein to be abashed, ashamed, & to abhorre his owne pryde. MarginaliaThe Pope blasphemeth God.For in this he outragiously doth offend God and blasphemeth hym, in that he presumeth to take this hygh name frō our Byshop Christ: In that, he taketh awaye (asmuch as lyeth in hym) the glorye of God, the maiestie apperteyning vnto Christ: In that, he taketh vpon hym these names only appropriate vnto Christ, Summus pontifex, maximus pontifex, vniuersalis pontifex: the hyghest Byshop, þe greatest Byshop, the vniuersall Byshop, the Byshop of al the world. I much maruaile how hee dare bee so bold to vsurpe and take these great names vppon hym. MarginaliaNo greater blasphemie then in the Pope.Greater blasphemy can not be, then to take from God, that that naturally belongeth vnto hym: then to take from God, hys glory and honour: then to vendicate and take vppon him such high names, as besemeth no Christen mā to vsurpe. God sayd by his Prophet: Nō dabo gloriam meam alteri: MarginaliaEzech. 42.I wil not giue my glory away to any other, to any creature. He doth reserue that glory, that laude and honour that belongeth onely vnto hym, vnto him selfe: no man to attempt so farre, no mā to take somuch vpō him.

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MarginaliaPeter neuer toke vpon him at Rome, as the Pope doth.Peter, Peter , thou waste once Byshop of Rome, & the first Byshop of Rome: Diddest thou euer take this name vpō thee, Summus, Maximus, Vniuersalis? No, no, no. And why? For the holy Ghost was in thee. Thou wouldest take no more vpon thee then God gaue thee. Thou wast not desirous of worldly fame and glory. All that thou soughtest for, was for the glory of God: as all that will read thy Sermons, thy Epistles, and thy lyfe, shal soone perceiue. Looke a great nomber of Byshops that next folowed Peter in þe same See: what were they? holy Martyrs, holy lyuers, which neuer attempted thus farre. Let the Byshop of Rome therfore knowledge his great fault, his high folie, his vnlawfull vsurpation, his vnpriestly presumption, and humble him selfe to Christ & God hys great Byshop. Would God he would reforme him selfe. Would God hee would kepe hym selfe within the compasse of his authoritie, and no more to encroch vppon other mens iurisdictions, but diligently kepe and ouer looke his owne dioces, and be content with that. Would God he would looke vpon his predecessour S. Gregory in his register, which was a Byshop of Rome, a holy mā. Let hym learne there how he dyd rebuke Iohn, that tyme þe Bishop of Constantinople, for taking on hym so highly, in such names, vniuersal Byshop, highest Byshop, greatest Byshop: and how he proued it to be agaynst the law of God. MarginaliaGregorius in Registro. Lib. 4. indictione 30. Epist. 38.He sayth there in one place to this proude Byshop Iohn, what aunswere shalt thou make in that strait examination at that last iudgement, to Christ the head of of the vniuersall holy Church, that goest about to haue subiect vnto thee, all the members of Christ, by takyng on thee the name of vniuersall Byshop? MarginaliaIdem.In an other place agayne in the same booke he sayth vnto hym, who art thou that doest presume to vsurpe a new name vpon thee, of vniuersall Bishop, contrary to the statutes of the Gospell, and the Decrees.

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God forbyd that euer this blasphemie should come in the hartes of Christen people, in the whiche the honour of all priesthod is taken awaye, when a man shall rashly and arrogantly take that name vpon him. Let this Byshop of Rome therefore humble hym selfe vnto our great vniuersall Byshop Christ, humble hym selfe vnder the mighty hand of God, and know what the Apostle doth write of the honour and power of this Christ our great and high Byshop. He is (he saith) Pontifex misericors, fidelis, potens, magnus, humilis, penetrans cœlum, compatiens infirmitatibus nostris, offerens dona & sacrificia pro peccatis nostris, condolens ijs qui ignorant & errant: Qui potest saluum facere a morte, offerens preces & supplicationes cum clamore valido & lachrymis, & exauditus est pro reuerentia sua: Pontifex appellatus a deo: Pōtifex sanctus, innocens, impollutus, segregatus a peccatoribus, excelsior cœlis: Non habens necessitatem (quemadmodum alij) prius pro suis delictis hostias offerre, deinde pro populo: Pontifex sedens in dextris dei interpellans pro nobis, emundans conscientias nostras ab operibus mortuis, intrans sancta sanctorum per proprium sanguinem. Hic est pontifex confessionis nostræ. MarginaliaHeb. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9.
The titles and properties attributed to Christ in the scripture.

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Let all earthly Byshops learne of this heauenly Byshop Christ. Some of these properties are appropriate and belongeth onely to God and not to man. In some we ought to folow hym. In some we can not, ne ought to doe. MarginaliaMisericors.This our high and great Byshop is Misericors, sayth the Apostle, mercyfull. A mercyfull Byshop, ready to forgiue, ready to remitte those that haue offended him. He is not cruell, not vengeable, but full of pitie, full of mercy. And in this we ought to folow hym.

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MarginaliaPotens.He is Pontifex potens, a mighty Byshop, myghty and full of power. We be but weake & feble bishops, not able to do any thyng but by his permissiō & helpe. He is able to make sicke, to make hole: to make rich, to make poore: to set vp, to put down. Potens, a mighty Byshop, mighty & able to remitte sinne, to forgiue, to saue both body and soule from damnation. Potens, a mighty Bishop and full of power. No power in this world but of him. Omnis potestas a domino deo est. MarginaliaRom. 14.All power is of him. And as he him selfe witnesseth: Data est mihi omnis potestas in cœlo

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