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1311 [1311]

K. Henry. 8. The aunsweres of Iohn Lambert, to the Byshops Articles.

MarginaliaZeale without knowledge.thorow ignorance, and wanted the assistaunce of Aaron. But anone as Christe, whiche is the true Aaron, had appeared to him, asking hym and sayinge in a lamentable fourme: O Saule, Saule, why dost thou persecute me, MarginaliaAct. 9.in troublynge and strikinge my seruauntes, the membres of myne own body, of whom it is sayed, he that smiteth you, shall smyte the tender ball of myne eye? MarginaliaZach. 2.hys hart fell (I dare say) so lowe as his bodye, that is euen down to the earth, repenting hym self full sore, beyng ready to amend, and folow after a newe waye, as appeareth by his aunswere, where he sayeth: O Lorde, what wilte thou haue me to do? As though one wold say: Nowe, I see all that I thought to haue done afore of good intention, and good purpose, or deuotion, hath deceyued me. I finde it otherwise. That which I estemed good, in very dede is, and was naught. Teach me therfore, good Lord (quod he) a better way, and amend my iudgement, that myne owne will or intention forsaken, I may nowe follow thine, to please thee, and to do thy will. And so as he came to Ananias, by the assignemēt of Christ, the thicke filthines of his old waywarde iudgemēt, fel away, as appeareth by the drosse or rubbish that came from his eis, euen like scales, as the Scripture maketh relation, and he put vpon hym a new iudgement, which is directed after the straight rule of the Gospell. MarginaliaDeuotion a deceaueable thyng.Wherby you maye see, that mens deuotiō may oft begile and seduce them, except knowledge do assiste the same, for to sustayne and directe it: whiche knit together, shall much strengthen men in al trouble and temptations.

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So that it is much expedient for all men, as nigh as they may, to haue prayer annexed with knowledge: and that sheweth full notably Erasmus, in the second passage of Enchiridion, MarginaliaErasmus in Enchiridio.
Saying of Mattens.
where he testifieth but of easie liking that he hath in saying of Mattens, yea rather cōtrarywyse, he sheweth dislikyng: and so he doth also in hys exposition of the first Psalme: Beatus vir, where the text maketh agreably for the same: It is written in this wise: Blessed is the man that hath not gone after the councell of the wicked, and hath not stand in the way of sinners, ne sit in the chaire of pestilence, but hath his will in the lawe of God, and shall muse or bee occupyed in it both daye and nyght. MarginaliaPsal. 1.

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See how þe Prophet (which I doubt not but he knew as perfectly that will and pleasure of God, as euer did any pope or general Coūcel, or what so euer they were beside, that ordayned lōg seruice to be sayd of Priestes) testifieth them to be blessed, that study & are exercised in the law of God, both day and night, that is to wit, alwayes. MarginaliaWhat is true godlynes, or pietie.A great promise put of God to such blessed exercise, whiche we may call right deuotion, or true godlynesse. For Paul definyng godlines, sayth thus. Pietas ad omnia vtilis est, vt quæ promissiones habeat præsentis vitæ & futuræ. Marginalia1. Tim. 4.That is to wit, Godlines is profitable vnto all thynges, for that hath annexed therto, promises of this life present, and of the life to come. MarginaliaNo promise of God for saying Mattens.But no such promise is make of God, I am certeine, to them that saye dayly Mattens. Neither are we certaine by the worde of God, that we shall therefore bee blessed of hym: MarginaliaThe xv. Ooes.no more then we are certeine, that for saying ouer the xv. Oos, euery day once thorowe an whole yeare, we shall appertly see our Lady to ayde vs afore our death, as it is testified in the Scripture of the Primer, but not by Scripture of the Bible: MarginaliaOur Ladyes Psalter.or that we shall haue a lyke benefite for saying of her Psalter vppon the x. beades that cōmeth from the Crossed Friers, or vpō the v. beades halowed at the Charter house, MarginaliaFasting our Ladyes fast.or fastyng our Ladyes fast, as men call it: ne for fasting of the Wedensday, as is shewed by a booke that is alowed to bee printed and read of all men that lusteth, for it is neither þe new Testament, ne the old. They are cōdemned, you wot wel, and I perhaps shall haue a litle lesse fauour, because I tell the truth frely, for such thynges are called offēsiue. But woulde God, that all persons so thinking, would remēber what aūswere Christ made vnto hys disciples in the xv. of Math, when they came vnto hym and warned him to beware, saying: MarginaliaMath. 15.you know that the Phariseis are offended, hearyng such wordes spoken. I will leaue out Christes aunswere, lest I should bee thought ouer free and playne in tarying or vttryng of abusions, and speake no further.

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A like demaund wt aūswere therto annexed, shal you find in þe xj. of Luke, MarginaliaLuke. 11.where Christ would not refrayne to speake any deale more easelye. Therefore I besech them that deeme me (God wotteth whether righteously or no) sclaūderously, to reuise the sayd places, & then counsell me to do that shalbe most expedient to folow, if their charity wil so require. Yet would I that all people should know, that I do not reproue that saying of the xv. Oos, which (so farforth as my remembraunce doth serue) is a very good prayer, or such lyke prayers: MarginaliaFasting commended.ne would I, that any person should thinke me to disalow any discrete fastynges, for such, not onely present with you, but euen from hence absent, haue I commēded in earnest speaking, and so entend to do by the assistance of Gods grace. Neuertheles such vayne promises I do abhorre as be with them annexed, with þe vpholders of the same. For such do cause vayne confidēce in the people, withdrawyng and seducyng them, from the ryght beliefe of the Gospell (whiche Christen men ought onely to build their fayth vpon) vnto new inuentions of vanity. S. Paul calleth such, old wemēs tales, where he writeth vnto Timothe, byddyng hym to beware of them, and to throw them away.

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The Prophet Dauid lykewise, doth accorde thereunto, saying: Beatus vir cuius est nomen domini spes eius, & nō respexit in vanitates & insanias falsas. MarginaliaPsal. 40.Blessed (quoth hee) is the man that hath in the name of God, his affiance or hope, and hath not looked backe to vanities and false dotage, or madnes. MarginaliaMattens saying instituted by fantasye.And this I say agayne, that the Mattens saying hath no more promise of God made to the sayers, then hath the other aboue named, for they were institute by þe fātasie or mynde of mē, and not by þe rule of Scripture. Neither do I thinke, that Priestes, whiche will truly folow the rule of God, written in the Bible, ought to bee so charged or encombred with saying of them, that they should thereby be hyndred from the study of that, whiche to know, belongeth principally both to theyr owne soules saluation, and also to the discharge of their duety, and which God most hyghly of Priestes doth require (I meane the study of hys Gospell) wherby they them selues should be spiritually nourished, and thereafter should feede Christes flocke, the congregation of his people, accordyng to the saying of our Sauiour in Iohn. I (quoth he) am the dore. Whosoeuer shall come in by me, shall both come in, & go out, and finde good pasture or fedyng. MarginaliaIoh. 10.That is to say, whosoeuer shall enter to bee a pastor & minister in Christes Churche or congregation, by Christ, shall both enter in to contemplation of Gods glorye declared abundauntly in Scripture, and after go forth and shewe that same abroad to other for theyr wealth and edifiyng.

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To this accordeth that is written in Luke, whereas our Sauiour speaketh to all hys Churche, signified in the person of Peter. Peter (quoth he) I haue prayed that thy fayth should not fayle, and thou being conuerted, go then about to confirme thy brethren. MarginaliaLuk. 22.So that hee would haue Peter stablished first in fayth of hys sure doctrine, and then to go forth as he did, to teach other to be groūded in the same lykewise. And thus ought all Priestes to be called Præsbyteri, which wil be ministers in þe church, for so byddeth S. Peter, in hys first Epistle, in the last Chap. saying thus: Marginalia1. Pet. 5.I beseche the Priestes (quoth he) that are among you, I my selfe beyng a Priest, and a witnes bearer of Christes afflictions, and also a partaker of the glorye whiche shalbe reueiled, see that you with all diligence, do feede the flocke of Christ: taking care of the same, not as enforced therto, but willyngly: not desiryng filthy luker, but with a louing mynde: neither as men exercising dominion o-

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