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1357 [1357]

K. Henry. 8. Allegations against the vj. Articles. Priestes Mariage.

Alexandrinus, whiche was CC. yeares after Christ, Lib. Strom. 7. MarginaliaClement Alexandrinus lib. Strom. 7.denyeth 

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Both of the following quotations from Clement of Alexandria are taken from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 14

not but þt Paul was maried being an Apostle, as wel as Peter & Philip. And as þe said Apostles in their doctrine admonishe all men to mary that cā not otherwise do, saying to euery one beyng in daūger of temptatiō: Vnusquisque suā vxorē habeat ne tentet nos Satanas. &c. That is, Let euery man haue his owne wife, lest Sathā tempte you. &c. So lykewise the same Apostles in their Canōs (as is in the Popes Decrees cited) MarginaliaDistinct. 28.do precisely charge that no Byshop nor Priest, should sequester from him his wife for any matter or pretence of Religion: saying, if any shall teach that a priest for religion sake, ought to contemne hys owne wife, let hym be accursed. &c. MarginaliaCanon of the Apostles.

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MarginaliaA sophisticall glose.As for the Glose there in the margent, which expoūdeth this word contemnyng for exhibityng thynges necessary for her sustenaunce, all the world may see that to be a Glose of mere Sophistrie. MarginaliaClemens Alexandrinus.And because I haue here made mencion of Clemens Alexandrinus, it shal not be to our purpose impertinent, to inferre þe wordes of this woorthy writer, wherewith hee doth defende Priestes lawfull matrimony, agaynst certeine vayne bosters of virginity in hys tyme. Dicunt gloriosi isti iactatores, se imitari dominum, qui necque vxorem duxit, neque in mundo aliquid possedit: se magis quam alios Euangeliūm intellexisse gloriātes. That is: these glorious braggers do vaunt them selues to be þe folowers of þe Lord, who neither had wife, nor yet possessed any thing here in þe world. &c. And it followeth. His autem dicit scriptura, deus superbis resistit, humilibus autē dat gratiā. Deinde nesciunt causam cur dominus vxorem non duxerit primum quidem propriam sponsam habuit ecclesiam. Deinde vero nec homo erat communis, vt opus haberet etiā adiutore aliquo secundum carnem. &c. To these the Scripture maketh aunswere: God withstandeth the proude, and geueth grace to the humble. MarginaliaThe cause why Christ had no wife.Agayne, they cōsider not the cause why the Lord tooke no wife. First he had his own peculiar spouse: which is the Churche. Moreouer, neither was he as a common man, that he should stand in such nede of a helper after fleshe. &c. And in the same booke a litle after alledgyng agaynst them that abhorre matrimony, he inferreth þe wordes of S. Paul: how that in the latter daies some shall fall from the fayth, attending to spirites of errour, & to doctrine of deuils, forbiddyng to mary, & to abstayne from meates. &c. 

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1 Timothy 4: 3; this verse is quoted in Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 14.

Marginalia1. Tim. 4.Whiche place of S. Paule, Clement here applieth not agaynst þe Nouatians, and thē that cōdemne matrimony in generall in all men, as naught: but he applieth it onely agaynst such, as forbyd mariage in part, & namely in Priestes. &c. This Clement wrote after Christ, ij. hundreth yeares, and yet if we come downeward to lower tymes, we shal finde both by MarginaliaConcilium Gangrense.þe Councell of Gangren CCC. yeares, and also by the Councell of Nyce CCCC. yeares after Christ, the same liberty of priests mariage established and enacted as a thyng both good and godly. The wordes of Gangren Coūcell be these 
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This passage is cited, but not quoted, in Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 28.

: Si quis discernit Præsbyterum coniugatum, tanquā occasione nuptiarum, quod offerre non debeat, & ab eius oblatione ideo abstinet, anathema sit. &c. MarginaliaDistinct. 28.That is: If any do iudge that a Priest for hys mariage sake, ought not to Minister, and therfore doth abstaine from the same, let hym be accursed.

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Moreouer, procedyng yet in tymes and Chronicles of the Churche, we shall come to MarginaliaConcilium Constantinopolitanum.the vj. Councell called Synodus Constantinopolitana, almost vij. C. yeares after Christ: the woordes of the which Councell be alledged in the Decrees, and be thesein Latine 

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Foxe is drawing this quotation from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 53.

. Quoniā in Romani ordine canonis esse cognouimus traditum, eos qui ordinati sunt Diaconi vel Præsbyteri, confiteri quod non suis iam copulentur vxoribus, antiquū sequentes canonē Apostolicæ diligentiæ & cōstitutiones factorū virorū, legales nuptias amodo valere volumus, nullo modo cum vxoribus suis eorum connubia dissoluentes, aut priuantes eos familiaritate adinuicem, in tempore oportuno. &c. MarginaliaDistinct. 31. cap. Quoniā.That is: Because in the order of the Romaine Canō, we know it so to be receyued, that such as be Deacons and Priestes, shall professe them selues to haue no more copulation with their wyues, we folowyng the auncient Canon of the diligent Apostles and constitutions of holy men, enact that such lawfull mariage, frō hence foorth, shall stand in force, in no case dissoluyng their coniunction with their wyues, neither depriuyng thē of their mutuall societie and familiaritie together, in such tyme as they shall thinke cōuenient. &c. Hetherto ye haue heard the decree: heare now the penaltie, in the same Decree and distinction conteyned. Si quis igitur præsumpserit cōtra Apostolicos canones aliquos Præsbyterorum & Diaconorum priuare a contactu & cōmunione legalis vxoris suæ, deponatur. &c. MarginaliaIbidem.That is: If any therfore shall presume, agaynst the Canons of the Apostles, to depriue either priest or Deacon from the touchyng and company of hys lawfull wife, let hym bee depriued. And lykewise thys Priest and Deacon, who soeuer for Religion sake shall put away hys wife, let hym be excommunicate. &c. And the Councell of Gangren sayth: let hym bee accursed. MarginaliaVj. things in thys Councel to bee noted.By these woordes of the Counsell recited, sixe thynges are to be noted. 
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These first five of these points are Foxe's own observation, the sixth is drawn from Matthias Flacius.

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1. First, how thys Councell calleth the Mariage of Priestes lawfull, contrary to these vj. articles, and to a certain late English writer of our countrey, entitulyng his booke, against the vnlawfull mariage of Priestes 

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Foxe is referring to Thomas Martin, A treatise declaryng and plainly provyng that the pretensed marriage of priestes, is no marriage, STC 17517.

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2. In that this Councell so foloweth the Canons of þe Apostles, and constitutiōs of holy men, we haue to vnderstand, what the censure both of the Apostles, and determination of other holy men were therin.

3. If the Iniunction of this Councell, agreeyng thus with the Apostles and holy men, stode with truth, the contrary Canon of þe Romanes, & also of these vj. Englishe articles, must nedes bee condemned of errour.

4. By this Councell appeareth that so long tyme, almost. 700. yeares after Christ, thys prohibition of Priestes mariage was not yet entred into the Orient Churche, but stoutly was holden out.

5. By the Romane Canon here mentioned (whiche began with Gregorius 600. yeares after Christ, a litle before thys Councell) it can not bee denyed, but the Churche of Rome began then to disceuer, not onely from the veritye, but also from the vnitie of all other Churches, folowyng the Apostolicke doctrine. MarginaliaGregorius reuoked his owne acte cōcerning the mariage of priestes.Albeit the sayd Romane Canon, at that tyme stode not long, but was shortlye disanulled by the sayd Gregorius agayne by the occasion of infantes heades found in hys fishe ponde, wherof (Christ willyng) more shalbe spokē hereafter.

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MarginaliaThe craftie packing of the Romanes in suppressing and counterfayting the Canons of Councells.Sixtly, here 

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This sixth point is drawn entirely from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), pp. 53-4.

is to be noted and remembred the crafty false packyng, and fraude of the Romanes: whiche in the Latine booke of Councels, in diuers new impressions, haue suppressed this Canon, because by lyke, it maketh litle with their purpose: playing much lyke with this, as Pope Zosimus, Bonifacius, and Celestinus played with the sixt Councell of Carthage, which for their supremacy, would haue forged a false Canon of Nice, had not the Councell sent to Constantinople for the true exemplar therof, and so proued them open lyers to their faces. So likewise this Canon aboue mētioned, althoughe it bee omitted in some bookes, yet beyng found in the auncient and true written copyes, beyng alledged of Nilus a Greke Byshop of Thessalonica. CC. yeare tofore: and moreouer beyng foūd and alledged in the Popes owne booke of MarginaliaDist. 31.Decrees distin. 31. must nedes conuince them of manifest theft & falsehode. MarginaliaHildebrād & Calixt9 fyrst extortors of priestes lawfull mariage.Thus it may stand sufficiently proued, that þe depriuation of Priestes lawfull mariage, all this space was not entred into the Churche neither Greke nor Latine, at least toke no ful possession, before Pope Hildebrandus tyme, anno domini. 1070. and especially Pope Calixtus tyme, anno domini. 1120. whiche were the first open extortors of Priestes mariage.

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