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1403 [1403]

K. Henry. 8. Barnes, Garret, and Hierome, Martyrs.

read Terence, Plautus, and Cicero, so that what with his industrie, paines and labours, and with þe helpe of MarginaliaTho Parnell a Londoner borne, scholer to Barnes.Tho. Parnell his scholler, whō he brought frō Louane with him, reading Copia verborum & rerū, he caused the house shortly to florishe with good letters, and made a great part of the house learned, (whiche before were drowned in barbarous rudenes) as MarginaliaM. Cambrige, M. Felde, M. Colman, M. Couerdall, Bachelers of Diuinitie.M. Cambrige, M. Felde, M. Colman, M. Burley, M. Couerdall, with diuerse other of the Vniuersitie, that soiourned there for learnynges sake. After these foundations layd, thē did he read openly in the house, Paules Epistles, and put by Duns & Dorbel, and yet he was a questionary 

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An undergraduate.

him selfe: and onely because hee would haue Christ there taught and his holy worde, hee turned their vnsauery problemes and frutles disputatiōs to other better matter of the holy Scripture, and therby in short space hee made diuers good Diuines. The same order of disputation, whiche he kept in his house, he obserued likewise in the Vniuersitie abroad, whē he should dispute with any man in the common scholes. And the first mā that aunswered D. Barnes in the Scriptures, was M. Stafford for his forme to be Bachelar of Diuinitie, which disputation was maruelous in þe sight of þe great blynd Doctors, & ioyfull to the godly spirited. Thus Barnes, what with his reading, disputatiō & preaching, became famous and mighty in the Scriptures, preachyng euer agaynst Byshops and hypocrites, and yet did not see his inwarde and outward Idolatry, whiche hee both taught and mayntained, till that good M. Bilney, with other (as is aforesayd in the lyfe of M. Bilney) conuerted him wholy vnto Christ.

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MarginaliaThe first Sermon that Doct. Barnes preached in defence of the truth.The first Sermon that euer hee preached of this truth, was the Sonday before Christmas daye 

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24 December 1525.

at S. Edwardes Churche longyng to Trinitie Hall in Cābridge by the Pease market: whose theame was the Epistle of the same Sonday, Gaudete in domino. &c and so postilled the whole Epistle, folowyng þe Scripture and Luthers postill, and for that Sermon he was immediatly accused of heresie by ij. felowes of þe kinges hall. Then the godly learned in Christ both of Penbroke Hall, Saint Iohns, Peter House, Queenes Colledge, the kynges Colledge, Gunwell Hall, & Benet Colledge, shewed them selues and flocked together in open sight, both in the scholes, and at open Sermons at S. Maries, and at the Austens, and at other disputations, and then they conferred continually together.

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The house that they resorted most commonly vnto, was the white Horse 

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Foxe's own informants appear to be the source for this detail, which - despite the lack of any corroboration - has become a hoary myth of the early English Reformation. The myth, and the state of early Protestantism in Cambridge generally, is soberly assessed in Richard Rex, 'The early impact of Reformation theology at Cambridge University, 1521-1547' in Reformation and Renaissance Review vol. 2 (1999), 38-71.

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, which for despite of thē to bryng Gods word into cōtempt, was called Germany. This house especially was chosē because of thē of S. Iohns. The kynges Colledge & the Queenes Colledge, came in on the backe side. At this time much trouble began to ensue. MarginaliaTrouble amongest the Cambridge men for the Gospell.The aduersaries of D. Barnes accused hym in the Regent house before the Vicechauncelor, wheras his Articles were presēted with him and receiued, hee promising to make aunswere at the next conuocation, & so it was done. Then D. Nottoris a ranke enemy to Christ, moued D. Barnes to recant, but hee refused so to doe: whiche appeareth in his booke that he made to kyng Henry the viij. in English, confutyng the iudgement of Cardinall Wolsey, and the residue of the Byshops Papisticall, and so for the time stode stedfast. And this tragedy continued in Cambridge, one preaching against another in trying out of gods truth, vntil within vj. dayes of Shrofetide. MarginaliaD. Barnes arested by M. Gibson.Thē sodenly was sent downe to Cambridge a Sergeaunt of armes, called M. Gibson, dwellyng in S. Thomas Apostles in London, who sodenly rested D. Barnes openly in the conuocation house to make all other afrayde: and priuely they had determined to make searche for Luthers bookes, and all the Germaines workes sodenly.

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MarginaliaSearch in Cambridge for bookes.But good Doctour Farman of the Queenes Colledge, sent worde incontinently thereof to the chābers of those that were suspected, whiche were in number xxx. persons. But God be praysed they were conueyed, by that time that the Sergeant at armes, þe Vicechauncelor & the Proctors were at euery mans chamber, goyng directly to the place where the bookes lay MarginaliaFalse brethren.(whereby it was perceiued that there were some priuie spyes amongest that small company) & that night they studyed together & gaue him his aunswere, which aunswere he caried with him to Lōdon þe next morning, which was the Tuesday before Shrouesonday, MarginaliaD. Barnes brought to London.and came on the Wensday to London, and lay at M. Parnels house by the stockes. In the mornyng he was caried by the Sergeant at armes to Cardinall Wolsey to Westminster, waityng there all day and could not speake with hym till night. Then by the reason of MarginaliaDoctour Gardiner Secretarie to the Cardinall.Doct. Gardiner Secretarie to the Cardinall (whose pupill Barnes had ben before) 

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This claim, made in the 1570 edition only, is based on a misreading - most likely an accidental misreading - of Gardiner's account of his relationship with Barnes in Gardiner, A declaration. The two men had known one another in the 1520s, but there is no evidence that Gardiner had actually taught Barnes. The confusion may have arisen because Barnes did briefly become Gardiner's 'scholar' in 1540, shortly before his execution (see below, 1570, p. 1371), although Foxe disputed this description of the relationship.

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and M. Foxe maister of the Wardes, hee spake þe same night with þe Cardinall in his chāber of estate, kneelyng on his knees. Then sayd the Cardinall to thē, is this D. Barnes your man that is accused of heresie? Yea and please your grace, and we trust you shal finde him reformable, for he is both well learned and wise.

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MarginaliaThe talke betwene Cardinall Wolsey and Doct. Barnes.What M. Doctor (said þe Card.) had you not a sufficiēt scope in þe scriptures to teach þe people, MarginaliaD. Barnes preached agaynst the pride of the Cardinall.but that my golden shewes, my pollaxes, my pillers, my golden cusshens, my crosses did so sore offend you, that you must make vs Ridiculū caput amōgest þe people? We were iolily that day laughed to scorne. Verely it was a sermō more fitter to bee preached on a stage then in a pulpit: for at the last you said, I weare a paire of red gloues, I should say bloudy gloues (quoth you) that I should not be colde in þe middest of my ceremonies. And he aūswered: I spake nothyng but þe truth out of þe Scriptures, according to my conscience, & according to the old Doctours: and then did he deliuer him vj. sheetes of paper written to confirme and corroborate his sayinges.

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He receiued thē smilyng on him and saying, we perceiue then that you intēde to stand to your Articles and to shewe your learnyng.

Yea sayd Barnes I do intende by Gods grace, with your Lordshyps fauour.

He aūswered, such as you are beare vs litle fauour & the Catholicke church. I wil aske you a questiō: MarginaliaThe pretensed reasons of the Cardinall wherby he maintayned hys pompe.Whether doe you thinke it more necessarie that I shoulde haue all this royaltie, because I represent the kynges Maiesties persō in all the hye Courtes of this Realme, to the terror and kepyng downe of all rebellions, treasons, traitors, and all the wicked and corrupte mēbers of thys common wealth, or to bee as simple as you would haue vs, to sell all these aforesayd thinges, & to geue it to the poore, which shortlye will pisse it agaynst the walles, and to pull away this Maiestie of a princely dignitie, whiche is a terrour to all the wicked, and to folowe your counsell in this behalfe.

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He aunswered, I thinke it necessary to bee sold and geuen to the poore. For this is not comely for your callyng, nor the kynges Maiestie is not maintained by your pompe and pollaxes, but by God, who sayth: Per me reges regnāt. Kynges and their Maiesties raigne and stand by me.

Then aunswered he: Loe Maister Doctours, here is the learned and the wise man that you told me of. MarginaliaDoctour Gardiner a suter for Barnes.Then they kneeled downe & sayd: we desire your grace to be good vnto him, for he will be reformable.

Then sayd hee, stand you vp: for your sakes and the Vniuersitie, we will be good vnto hym. How saye you M. Doctor, do you not know þt I am Legatus de latere, and that I am able to dispense in all matters cōcernyng Religion within this Realme, as much as the Pope may: He sayd, I know it to be so.

Will you then bee ruled by vs, and we will do all thinges for your honestie, & for the honesty of the Vniuersitie?

He aunswered, I thanke your grace for your good will: I wil sticke to þe holy Scripture & to Gods booke, according to the simple talent that God hath lent me.

Aunswere well said he, thou shalt haue thy learning

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