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1433 [1433]

K. Hen. 8. Persecution in Windsore. Testwood, Filmer, Person, Marbecke, Bennet.

beleue, quoth the bishop of Salis. that he hath done any more in this worke, then written it out after some other that is learned.

MarginaliaMarbeckes wordes to the Byshops.My Lordes, quoth Marbecke, I shall besech you all to pardō me what I shall say, and to graunt my request if it shal seme good vnto you. Say what thou wilt, quoth the Byshops. I do maruaile greatly wherfore I should be so much examined for this booke, & whether I haue committed any offence in doyng of it or no? If I haue, then were I loth any other to bee molested or punished for my fault. Therfore to clere al men in this matter, this is my request, that ye will trie me in the rest of the boke that is vndone. Ye see that I am yet but in the letter L. Begyn now at M. and take out what worde ye will of that letter, and so in euery letter folowyng, and geue me the wordes in a peece of paper, and set me in a place alone where it shall please you, with ynke & paper, the Englishe Bible, and the Latin Concordance: and if I bryng you not these wordes written in the same order and forme that the rest before is, then it was not I that did it, but some other.

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By my trouth Marbecke, quoth the Bishop of Ely, that is honestly spokē, & then shalt thou bring many out of suspicion. That he shal, quoth they all. Thē they bad D. Okyng draw out such wordes as he thought best in a peece of paper, and so rose vp: and in þe meane tyme, fell into other familiar talke with Marbecke (for the Byshop of Ely and Harford both, were acquainted with him afore, and his frendes, so farre as they durst 

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Thomas Goodrich, bishop of Ely and John Skip, bishop of Hereford, were both allies of Thomas Cranmer.

) who perceiuyng the Bishops so pleasauntly disposed, besought them to tell him in what daunger hee stoode. MarginaliaThe byshops of Salisburye & Harford, like well the case of Marbecke.Shall I tell thee Marbecke, quoth the Bishop of Sarū? Thou art in better case then any of thy felowes, of whom there be some would geue xl. l. to be in no worse case then thou art: whose sayinges the other affirmed. Then came D. Okyng with þe wordes he had written, and while the byshops were perusing thē ouer. D. Okyng sayd to Marbecke (very frendly) on this wise: Good M. Marbecke make hast, for the sooner ye haue done, the sooner ye shalbe deliuered. And as the Byshops were goyng away, the Byshop of Harford tooke Marbecke a litle a side 
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John Skip's advice to Marbeck may have been simply an act of kindness or sympathy; more cynically, it can be read as an exhortation for Marbeck not to inform on others.

, and enformed him of a worde whiche D. Okyng had written false, and also to comforte hym sayd: MarginaliaD. Skippes comfortable wordes to Marbecke.Feare not, there can no law condemne you, for any thyng that ye haue done, for if ye had written a thousand heresies, so lōg as they be not your sayinges nor your opiniōs, the law cannot hurte you. And so went they all with the Byshop of Sarum to dyner, takyng the poore man with thē, who dyned in the Hall at þe Stewardes boorde: and beside that, had wyne and meate sent downe from the Byshops table.

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When dyner was done, the Bishop of Sarum came downe into the Hall, commaundyng ynke and paper to be geuē to Marbecke, and the ij. bookes to one of his men to go with hym, at whose goyng he demaunded of the Byshop, what tyme his Lordshyp would appoynte hym to doe it in. Agaynst to morow this tyme, quoth the Byshop, which was about two of the clocke, and so departed. Marbecke now beyng in his prison chāber, fell to his busines, and so applied the thyng, that by the next day when the Byshop sent for him agayne, he had written so much, in þe same order & forme he had done the rest before, as conteined three sheetes of paper and more. The whiche, when hee had deliuered to the Byshop of Sarum (D. Okyng standyng by) he merueiled and sayd: Well Marbecke, thou hast now put me out of all doubt. MarginaliaA false dissembling byshop.I assure thee, quoth he (puttyng vp the paper into his bosome) the kyng shall see this or I bee 24. houres elder: but hee dissēbled euery word, & thought nothing lesse then so. For afterward, the matter beyng come to light, and knowen to his grace what a booke þe poore man had begon, whiche the Byshops would not suffer him to finishe: the kyng sayd hee was better occupyed then they that tooke it from hym. So Marbecke departed from the Byshop of Sarum to prison agayn, and heard no more of his booke.

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¶ The 5. examination of Marbecke, before D. Okyng and M. Knight Secretary to the Byshop of Wynchester, in S. Mary Ouers Churche.

MarginaliaThe 5. examination of Marbecke.VPon Whitsonday folowyng at after noone, was Marbocke sent for once agayne to S. Mary Ouers, where he found D. Okyng with an other gentleman in a gowne of Damaske, with a chayne of gold about his necke (no mo in all the Church but they two) sittyng togethers in one of the stalles, their backes toward the Church doore, lookyng vpon an Epistle of M. Iohn Caluins, which Marbecke had written out. 

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Very probably this was a translation of Calvin's De fugiendis impiorum illicitis sacris (1537).

And when they saw the prisoner come, they rose and had him vp to a side alter, leauyng his keper in the body of the Church alone. Now as soone as Marbecke saw the face of þe gentleman (which before he knew not by rea- of his apparell) he saw it was the same person that first examined hym in the Marshalsey, and did also cause him to write in the Byshops gallery, but neuer knew his name, MarginaliaThys gentleman of Winchesters was Maister Knight.till now he heard Doct. Okyng call hym M. Knight. This M. Knight held forth the paper to Marbecke and sayd: Looke vppon this, and tell me whose hand it is. When Marbecke had taken the paper, and sene what it was, he confessed it to bee all his hand sauing the first leafe, and the notes in the Margent. Thē I perceiue, quoth Knight, thou wilt not go from thine own hand. No Syr, quoth he, I will deny nothyng þt I haue done. Thou doest well in that, quoth Knyght, for if thou shouldest, we haue testimonies enough besides, to trye out thy hād by: but I praye thee tell me, whose hand is þe last leafe? That I cānot tell you, quoth Marbecke. Thē how camest thou by it, quoth Knight? For soth I will tell you, quoth he. There was a priest dwelling with vs vpon a v. or vj. yeares ago, called Marshal, who 
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This may have been William Marshall (fl. 1535), an anti-Catholic polemicist and agent of Cromwell, best known for his translation of Marsilius of Padua into English.

sent it vnto me with the first leafe written, desiryng me to write it out with speede, because the copye could not be spared past an houre or twayne: and so I wrote it out, and sent him both the copy and it agayne.

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And how came this hand in the margent, quoth he, whiche is a contrary hand to both the other? That I will tell you, quoth Marbecke. Whē I wrote it out at the first, I made so much hast of it, that I vnderstode not the matter: wherefore I was desirous to see it agayne, and to read it with more deliberation, and beyng sent to me the second tyme, it was thus coted in þe margent as ye see. And shortly after this, it was hys chaunce to go beyond the Seas (where hee lyued not long) by reason whereof, the Epistle remaineth with me: but whether the first leafe, or the notes in the margent were his hand, or whose hand els, that I cannot tell. Tush, quoth D. Okyng to M. Knyght, he knoweth well enough, that the notes be Haynes owne hand. MarginaliaSurmise agaynst D. Haynes.If you know so much, quoth Marbecke, ye knowe more then I do, for I tell you truly I know it not. By my fayth Marbecke, quoth Knyght, if thou wilt not tel by fayre meanes, those fingers of thine shalbe made to tel 

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This was a particularly serious threat to a professional organist.

. By my trouth Sir, quoth Marbecke, if ye do teare the whole body in peeces (I trust in God) ye shall neuer make me accuse man wrongfully. If thou bee so stubburne, quoth D. Okyng, thou wilt dye for it. Dye M. Okyng, quoth he? Wherefore shoulde I dye? MarginaliaInconstancie and litle truth in Papistes.You told me þe last day before þe Byshops, that as soone as I had made an ende of the peece of Concordance they tooke me, I should bee deliuered, and shall I now dye? This is a sodaine mutation. You semed then to be my frend: but I know the cause, ye haue read the ballet I made of Moses chayre 
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This is now lost, but it was presumably a ballad sympathetic to the Reformed cause.

, and that hath set you agaynst me, but when soeuer ye shall put me to death, I doubt not to dye Gods true man and the kynges. How so, quoth Knight? how canst thou die a true man vnto the kyng, when thou hast offended his lawes? Is not this Epistle and most of thy notes thou hast written, directly against the vj. Articles? No Syr, quoth Marbecke: I haue not offended the kynges lawes therein: for since

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