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1443 [1443]

K. Henry. 8. Persecution in Calyce. Adam Damlip, with others.

MarginaliaFalse accusation and periurie punished of God.him selfe, not one boy, but many men, women, girles and boyes seyng him miserably taken vp agayn starke dead: all whiche lamented his pitifull ruine. A terrible ensample vnto all such as are ready to forsweare them selues on a booke vppon malice, or what soeuer other cause it bee: a thinge in these dayes ouer rife, euery where, and almost no where regarded as it ought to bee.

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¶ The trouble of Iohn Butler.

MarginaliaThe trouble of Iohn Butler Commissary.THere was also called before them 

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By ‘them’ Foxe now means the Privy Council. These passages are out of chronological order. Butler had been summoned to appear before the Privy Council in late July of 1539.

Syr Iohn Butler, thē Commissarie of Calyce, whom they would haue burdened with the maintenaunce, or (at the least wise) sufferaūce, of the foresaid Adam Damlip, which preached so long tyme there, and was not by him punished. Who for his defēce aūswered, that the Lord Deputie and the whole Counsell there so highly intertained, and so frendly vsed the sayd Damlyp, and with their owne presence and hyghe commendations outwardly so allowed and commended his doctrine, that it lay not in him to do otherwise thē he did: and therefore humbly besought their Lordships and other the Commissioners to bee good vnto him. At whose handes, after long attendaunce geuen, he was discharged, and so returned home agayn, being also dimissed of his Cōmissaryshyp.

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¶ The recantation of certaine Calyce men.

MarginaliaThe recātatiō & penaunce of Syr W. Smith, Rafe Hare, Iames Cocke, and Iames Barber, at Calyce.NOw to declare what order was taken with these foresayd Calyce men, it was appoynted that Syr W. Smith, Rafe Hare, Iames Cocke, and Iames Barber should be sent to Calyce, there to abiure and to do penaunce. Where Sir W. Smith was enioyned to make the Sermon, Rafe Hare, Iames Cocke, and Iames Barber standyng with Fagottes vppon their shoulders. The Sermon was made in the Market of Calyce. Which beyng done, they went with their Fagottes about the market place, the Drumme and Fife goyng before them, & then returning to the Commissioners with testimoniall of the same, they departed. Albeit in this recantation 

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These passages on Smith’s recantation replace more verbose passages in the 1563 edition.

, the said W. Smith Curate of our Ladyes Church, handled his Sermon after that sorte, as in effecte he denyed nothyng at all that he had before preached or taught, but yet it satisfied somewhat his aduersaries malicious hartes, in that it bare the name of a recantatiō, accordyng to the Commissioners order, appointyng him thus openly to preach, and so to departe the towne and marches.

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MarginaliaIames Barber.As touchyng Iames Barber aforesayd, for somuch as his dwelling was not at Calyce, but foure myles of from the town, it was therfore enioyned him to beare his Fagot, not at Calyce, but on the Saterday next folowing to stand in þe Market there, where he dwelled, with his fagot vpon his shoulder, and the sayd Sir W. Smith likewise there preached, as before.

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And thus much cōcernyng the first Commission sent ouer to Calyce to enquire vpon the heretickes there. 

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I.e., the commission sent to Calais in May 1539 to investigate heresy. The commission, although it met in Calais, sent the suspects it arrested to London to be dealt with by the Privy Council and the heresy commission established by Cromwell (there was an informal examination of Butler at Bath House, the London home of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, on charges of heresy, by a commission appointed by Cromwell).

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¶ An other Commission sent ouer to Calyce.

MarginaliaA new Commission sent downe to Calyce.AFter all these thinges done and past, the grudgyng myndes of the aduersaries yet were not satisfied, but still suggested new cōplaintes to the kynges eares agaynst the towne of Calyce, MarginaliaFalse accusatin agaynst the towne of Calyce.making the kyng beleue, that through new opiniōs þe town was so diuided, that it was in great daūger of þe aduersarie to be ouercome. MarginaliaThe Cōmissioners appointed.Wherupon shortly after, the weeke before Easter next folowyng 

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I.e., the week before Easter 1540. (Easter was 28 March in 1540). Although this commission was composed of notable conservatives such as Sir John Baker, Sir John Gage and Sir William Paulet (newly created Lord St John), it was sent to investigate charges that Lord Lisle had conspired with Reginald Pole. Fighting for his life, and using Henry VIII’s paranoia concerning Pole, Cromwell was striking back at Lord Lisle.

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, other new Commissioners were sent ouer by the king to Calyce, to witte, the Earle of Sussex, L. great Chamberlaine, the Lord S. Iohn, Syr Iohn Gage knight, Sir Ioh. Baker knight, M. Laytō Clerke of the closet, and D. Currin, 
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This is John Curwen, a royal chaplain and archdeacon of both Colchester and Oxford.

with speciall instructions besides signed by the kinges Maiesties own hand: for hys highnes had bene incensed once agayne from the Counsell at Calyce, that the towne was in perill thorough dissension and diuersitie of opiniōs. Vpon their arriuall, maister D. Currin preached a notable Sermō exhortyng all men to charitie, hauing nothyng in hys mouth but charitie, charitie. But as it semed afterward, such a burnyng charitie was in him & the rest of þe Cōmissioners that, had not God pitied the innocencie of mens causes, there had a hundred bene burnt or hanged shortly after. But it happened farre otherwise 
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Lisle was arrested on 10 May 1540 and hours later the staunchly conservative bishop Richard Sampson of Chichester was sent to the Tower. But Cromwell himself was arrested on 10 June.

. MarginaliaExample of Gods punishmēt vpon false accusers.For of þe nūber of those accusers, foure were by those Commissioners sent ouer into England, to witte, Clement Philpot, seruaunt to the L. Lisle, Sir Edmund, Curate of our Ladies Churche 
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Edmund Bryndeholme was the curate of Our Lady Church, Calais. He had replaced William Smith in this living.

, W. Touchet a Postmaster, Peter Bequet, of þe which foure, Touchet and Bequet were sent to their places agayne: the other ij. were drawen, hanged, and quartered at London 
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Clement Philpot and Edmund Bryndeholme were executed, in London, on 4 August 1540.

. But contrary, of all them that were accused, there was not one that lost one heare of his head.

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After the Sermon was done, on the morowe, to wytte, on Sherethursdaye 

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I.e., 'Sheer Thursday' or Maundy Thursday; that is the day preceding Good Friday. In 1540, this was 25 March.

, all the Commissioners solemnly receiued the Sacrament. And at after noone, the Counsell were with the Commissioners, and after their consultation, tipped staues warned, aboue the nomber of foure score, so peruers persons as the like were not in the towne or Marches, to appeare on the morrow at. viij. of the clocke before the Counsell at the Staple Inne, MarginaliaAn other inquisition at Calice against heretickes.who at theyr appearance were commaunded vpō their allegiaunce, to present all such heretickes, schismatickes, & sedicious persōs, as they did know: & in no wise to doubt or dread so to doe, for they should haue great aduātage therby, yea they shoulde haue either their liuings, or their goodes, and besides that, they should haue great thankes at the kings Maiesties hand, and his honorable Counsel, and what frendship they of the kings Counsell there could shewe them. All that good Fridaye 
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I.e., 26 March 1540.

, euen till. x. of the clock at night, those wicked and malicious persons occupied their time in aunswering to diuers and sundrye questions.

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These thinges were not so secretlye done, but they were bewrayed and came to honest mens knowledge. MarginaliaGreat perturbation at Calice.Whereupon such feare and distrust assaulted all men, that neighbour mistrusted neighbour, the maister the seruant, the seruant the maister, the husband the wife, the wyfe the husband, and almost euery one the other, that lamētable it was to see how mourningly men and womē went in the streetes, hanging down their heads, shewing euident tokens of the anguish of their hartes.

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¶ The second trouble of Thomas Broke.

MarginaliaThe secōd trouble of T. Broke.VPon Easter Monday 

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I.e., 29 March 1540.

, one Hugh Councell an honest man, seruaunt to the sayd Broke, was conuented before them, and by the space of. xiiij. daies, not suffered to returne to his maisters house, but kepte in custodye, and manye times examined vppon articles and interrogatories, in hope to haue found worthy matter, either of heresie or treason against the sayd Broke: and the same daye that Broke was committed to warde, the said Hugh Councell was discharged.

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The Wensday in the Easter weeke sundry Questes were charged by their othes to make inquisition for all maner of heresies, erronious opinions and seditions, as a Quest of Aldermē, an other of men at armes, and an other of Constables and Vintners, an other of common Soldiours, and an other of Commoners. MarginaliaXiij. Calice men imprisoned for their faith.And shortly after their presentments, on good Friday 

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I.e., 26 March 1540.

, there was conuented before the Commissioners, and straite were sent to close prison, Anthony Pickering gentleman, Harry Tourney gentlemā, Syr George Darbye Priest, Ioh. Shephard, William Pellam, William Keuerdale, Ioh. Whitwode, Iohn Boote, Robert Clodder, Copen de Hane, and Mathew de Hound. Vpon whom ranne sundry brutes: Some sayd they should be hanged, some sayd burnt, some sayd hanged, drawen, and quartered, some sayd nayled to the Pillerie: so that pitifull it was to see the lamentation that their wiues,

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