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1487 [1487]

K. Henry. 8. George Wysehart, Martyr. Dauid Beaton Archb. of Scotland slaine.

Christes sake. Consider and behold my visage, ye shall not see me chaūge my colour. This grimme fire I feare not. And so I pray you for to do, if that any persecution come vnto you for the wordes sake, and not to feare them that slay the body, and afterward haue no power to slay the soule. Some haue sayd of me that I taught, that the soule of mā should slepe vntill the last day. But I know surely and my faith is such, that my soule shall suppe with my Sauiour Christ this night, or it bee vj. houres: for whom I suffer this. MarginaliaM. George Wysehart prayeth for his enemyes and forgeueth thē.Then hee prayed for them whiche accused him, saying: I beseche thee (father of heauen) to forgeue thē that haue of any ignoraunce, or els of any euill mynde, forged any lyes vppon me. I forgeue them withall my hart. I beseche Christ to forgeue them that haue condemned me to death this day ignorauntly.

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And last of all, hee sayd to the people on this maner: I beseche you brethren and sisters to exhorte your Prelates to the learnyng of the worde of God, that they at the last may bee ashamed to do euill and learne to do good. MarginaliaM. George Wysehart prophesieth of the death of the Cardinall, which followed after.And if they will not conuert them selues frō their wicked errour, there shall hastly come vpon them the wrath of God, which they shall not eschew. Many faithfull wordes said he in the meane tyme, takyng no heede or care of the cruell tormentes whiche were then prepared for him.

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And last of all, the hange man that was his tormentor satte downe vppon his knees, and sayd: Syr I pray you forgeue me, for I am not giltye of your death. To whō he aunswered: come hether to me. When that he was come to him, he kissed his cheeke, & said: Loe here is a token that I forgeue thee. My hart do thine office:

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¶ The Martyrdome of M. George Wisehart.
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George Wishart's evangelical career took him from Scotland to England , where he was in trouble for his preaching at Bristol in 1539, and for which he appeared before Cranmer before being returned to do penance in the city. Later he studied at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge. His return to Scotland in 1544 on an active preaching mission (aided by Knox) only lasted two years. He was arrested in January 1546 and burned at St Andrews in March that year. Foxe's illustration, though one of the small woodcuts, was distinctive in showing him hanging as well as being burned -- compare the image of the hanging and burning of Lollards in 1414 -- and this cut was not reused.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of M. George Wysehart Gentleman and Martyr.and by and by, he was put vppon the Gibbet and hanged, and there burnt to pouder. When that the people beheld the great tormentyng, they might not withhold from pitious mournyng and complaynyng of this innocent Lambes slaughter.

¶ A note of the iust punishment of God vpon the cruell Cardinall Archbishop of Saint Andrewes, named Dauid Beaton.

MarginaliaThe iuste iudgement of God vppon Dauid Beaton, a bloudy murtherer of Gods Sainctes.IT was not long after the martyrdome of the blessed man of God M. George Wisehart aforesayd, who was put to death by Dauid Beaton, þe bloudye Archb. and Cardinall of Scotland, as is aboue specified, an. 1546. þe first day of March, but þe said Dauid Beaton Archbishop of S. Andrewes, by the iuste reuenge of MarginaliaThe death of Dauid Beaton Archb. of S. Andrewes.Gods mighty iudgement, was slayne wythin his own castle of S. Andrewes by the handes of one Lech and other gentlemen, who by the Lord styrred vp, brake in sodaynly into hys castle vpon him, and in his bed murdered hym the same yeare, the last day of May, crying out: Alas, alas, slay me not, I am a Priest. And so lyke a Butcher he lyued, & like a Butcher he dyed, & lay 7. monethes & more vnburied, & at last like a carion buried in a dūghill. an. 1546. 

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Beaton was in fact killed on 29 May 1546.

Maij. vlt. Ex histor. impressa.

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MarginaliaIohn Hamelton Arch of S. Andrewes.After this Dauid Beaton, succeded Iohn Hamelton Archbishop of S. Andrewes, an. 1549. 

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Adam Wallace's trial and execution in fact took place in or around July 1550, the month in which the expenses of his imprisonment in Edinburgh Castle were paid.

who to þe entent that he would in no waies appeare inferiour to his predecessor in augmenting the number of the holy Martyrs of God, MarginaliaIohn Hamelton a persecutour. 
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This is a wholly misleading judgement on Hamilton, who in fact abandoned his predecessor's confrontational policy towards evangelical heresy and adopted a reform programme which embraced significant parts of the evangelical agenda. See Alec Ryrie, 'Reform without frontiers in the last years of Catholic Scotland' in English Historical Review vol. 119 (2004), 27-56.

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in the next yeare following called a certayn poore man to iudgement, whose name was Adam Wallace. The order and maner of whose storye here foloweth.

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¶ The story and Martyrdome of Adam Wallace in Scotland.

MarginaliaAdam Wallace, Martyr.THere was set vpon a scaffolde made harde to the Chauncelary wall of the blacke Friers Church in Edinbrough on seates made therupon, the Lord Gouernour. MarginaliaThe condēnation of Adam Wallace a poore man.Aboue him at his backe sat Maister Gawin Hamilton Deane of Glasgue, representing þe Metropolitane Pastor therof. Vpon a seat on hys ryght hand satte the Archb. of S. Andrewes. At his backe, and aside somwhat, stood þe Officiall of Lowthiane. Next to the bishop of S. Andrewes, þe B. of Dumblane, the bishop of Murray, the Abbot of Dunfermling, the Abbot of Glenluce, with other churchmen of lower estimation, MarginaliaConuenerūt scribæ & Pharisei aduersus domini, & aduersus Christum eius.as the Officiall of S. Andrewes and other Doctours of that nest and citie. And at the other ende of the seate satte the Maister Vchiltrie. On his leaft hand satte the Earle of Argyle Iustice, wyth hys Deputy Syr Iohn Campbell of Lundy vnder hys feete. Next hym the Earle of Huntly,. Then þe Earle of Anguish, þe Bishop of Gallaway, the Pretor of S. Andrewes, þe B. of Orknay, þe L. Forbes, Dane Iohn Wynrime Suppriour of S. Andrewes, & behinde the seates stoode the whole senate, the Clarke of the Register. &c.

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At the further end of the Chauncelarye wall in the Pulpit was placed M. Iohn Lauder Parson of Marbottle accuser, clad in a Surplice, and a red hood, and a great Congregation of the whole people in the bodye of the Church, standing on the ground. After that, Syr Iohn Ker Prebendary of S. Giles church was accused, conuicted, and condemned, for the false making and geuing forth of a sentence of diuorce, and therby falsly deuorced and parted a man and hys lawfull wyfe in the name of the Deane of Roscalrig and certayne other Iudges appoynted by the holy Father the Pope. MarginaliaBarabas let go, poore Christ taken and crucified.Hee graunted the falshood, and that neuer anye such thyng was done in deede, nor yet ment nor moued by the foresayd Iudges, & was agreed to be banished the realmes of Scotland and England for hys lyfe tyme, & to lose hys right hand, if he were found or apprehended therin hereafter, and in the meane tyme to leaue hys benefices for euer, and they to be vacant.

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MarginaliaAdam Wallace brought in before the scribes and Phariseis.After that was brought in Adam Wallace, a simple poore man in appearance, conueyed by Iohn of Cunnoke seruant to the B. of S. Andrewes, and set in the myddest of the scaffold, who was commaunded to loke to the accuser: who asked him what was hys name. He answered, Adam Wallace. The accuser MarginaliaIohn Lauder his accuser.sayd, he had an other name, whych he graunted, and sayd hee was commonly called Feane. MarginaliaAdam VVallace, otherwyse named Iohn Feane.Then asked he wher he was borne? Wythin two myle of Fayle (sayd he) in Kyle. Then sayd the accuser, I repent that euer such a poore man as you should put these noble Lordes to so great encombrance thys day by your vayne speaking. And I must speake (sayd he) as god geueth me grace, and I beleue I haue sayd no euyll to hurt any body. Would God (said the accuser) ye had neuer spoken, but you are brought forth for so horrible crimes of heresie, as neuer

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