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1534 [1534]

K. Edward. 6. The rebelles of Deuonshyre. Their Articles.

MarginaliaAn. 1549.the Citie of malice denyeth the paymēt of their due tyth to their Curates, whereby the Curates are both iniured and made not so well hable, and in maner discouraged to do their duetyes. The whiche thyng also our will and commaundement is, ye shall diligently looke vnto, and see redressed as appertaineth.

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Marginalia6.
Boner Byshop of London commaunded to keepe his own house.
And for asmuch as all these complayntes be made, as most done and committed in London, to the intent you may looke more earnestly, better, and more diligently to the reformation of them, our pleasure is that you shall abyde and keepe residence in your house there, as in the Citie, Sea, and principal place of your Dioces, and none other where for a certaine tyme, vntill you shalbe otherwise licenced by vs.

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And thus hauyng brought Byshop Boner home to his owne house, their to leaue him a while to take hys ease in his owne lodgyng till we returne to him again, MarginaliaThe rebelles in Cornewall and Deuonshyre.we will in the meane tyme make a litle intercourse into Cornwaile and Deuonshyre to discourse some part of the disordered and disloyall doynges of those men agaynst their so meke and excellent a Prince, hauyng no cause ministred therunto: yea hauyng cause rather to yelde prayse and thankes to the Lord for such a quyet & peaceable Prince in his mercy giuen vnto them. But such is the condition of vnquyet natures, that they can not skill of peace. And where due discretion lacketh, there lewed disposed persons can not tell when they be well. Agayne, some be so croked and so peruersely gyuen, that the more courteously they be entreated, the worse they are: and when by honest diligence they list not to get their lyuing, by publicke disturbance of common weales they thinke to thryue. And so semed it to fare with this sedicious people of Cornwall and Deuonshyre, who hauyng so good & vertuous a kyng, that if they should haue sought him as Diogenes, they say, did seke for a man with a candle, a meker and better sufferaine they could not haue found, a crueller they well deserued: yet were they not with him contented, but contrary to all order, reason, nature, & loyaltie, aduaunced thē selues in a rebellious conspiracie against hym and gaynst his procedynges, MarginaliaPopish Priestes first styrrers of thys rebellion.through the pernicious instigaton, first (as it semeth) of certaine Popish Priestes who grudgyng and disdaynyng agaynst the Iniunctions and godly order of reformation set forward by the kyng, and specially mournyng to see their olde Popish Church of Rome to decaye, ceased not by all sinister and subtile meanes, MarginaliaAll wickednes first beginneth vnder fayre pretenses.first vnder Gods name and the kynges and vnder colour of Religion to persuade the people, then to gather sides and to assemble in companies, to gather Captaines, and at last to brast out in rancke rebellion. Neither lacked there amongst the lay sorte some as seditiously disposed as they to mischief and madnes, as well Gentlemen as other.

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MarginaliaCaptaines of the rebelles in Deuonshyre.Of whom the chief Gentlemen Captaines were Vmfrey Arundell Esquire, gouernour of the Mount, Iames Rosogan, Iohn Rosogan, Iohn Payne, Thom. Vnderhill, Iohn Soleman, Wil. Segar. MarginaliaPriestes rebelles and traytours agaynst the king.Of Priestes which were principall sturrers, and some of them gouernours of the Campes and after executed, were to þe nūber of viij. whose names were Rob. Bochim, Iohn Tompson, Rog. Barret, Iohn Wolcoke, Wil. Alsa, Iames Mourton, Ioh. Barrow, Rich. Benet, besides a multitude of other Popish Priestes, which to the same factiō were adioyned. The number of the whole rebellion, speakyng with the least, mounted litle lesse then to the summe of x. thousand stoute traitours.

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MarginaliaDiuers Commotions in K. Edwardes tyme suppressed.These hearyng first of the commotions which began about the same tyme in other parties to broyle, as in Oxfordshyre, Yorkeshyre, and especially in Northfolke and Suffolke, begā to take therin some courage, hopyng that they would haue well fortified the same quarell: but afterward perceiuyng how the mischieuous mutterynges and enterprises of their conspiracie did sodeinly fayle, either beyng preuented by tyme, or repressed by power, or that their cause being but onely about pluckyng downe of enclosures and enlargingof commons, was diuided from theirs, so that either they would not or could not ioyne their ayde together, then began they agayne to quayle, and their courage to debate. Notwithstandyng for somuch as they had gone so farre, that they thought there was no shrynkyng backe, they fell to new deuises and inuētions for the best furtheraunce of their desperate purposes.

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MarginaliaThe Citie of Exceter inuaded by the rebels.Their first intent was, after they had spoyled their owne countrey most miserably, to inuade the Citie of Exceter, and so consequently all other partes of the Realme. But first for Exceter they gaped, the gates wherof twyse they burned, but gayned nothyng sauyng onely goonshot, wherof they lacked no plenty. Beyng put frō Exceter, they fell on spoilyng and robbyng where or what soeuer they might catch. At lēgth laying their traiterous heades together, they consulted vpon certeine Articles to be sent vp. MarginaliaDiuersitie of wittes amongest the rebels.But herein such diuersitie of heades and wittes was amongest them, that for euery kynd of brayne there was one maner of Article: so that neither appeared any cōsent in their diuersitie, not yet any constancie in their agreement. Some semed more tolerable. Other altogether vnreasonable. Some would haue no Iustice. Some would haue no state of Gentlemen. The Priestes euer harped of one stryng, to ryng in the Byshop of Rome into England agayne, & to halow home Cardinall Poole their countrey man.

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After much adoe & litle to þe purpose, at last a few sorie Articles were agreed vppon to be directed vnto the kyng, with the names of certaine set therunto, the copie wherof here ensueth.

MarginaliaThe Articles of the Deuonshyre men, to the kyng and hys Counsaile.¶ The Articles of the Commons of Deuonshyre and Cornwall sent to the kyng, with aunsweres afterward folowing vnto the same.

Marginalia1.
Sacramēt of Baptisme.
FIrst for asmuch as man, except he be borne of water and the holy Ghost, cā not enter into the kingdome of God & for asmuch as the gates of heauē be not opened without this blessed Sacramēt of Baptisme, therfore we will that our Curates shall minister this Sacrament at all tymes of nede, aswell in the weeke dayes as on the holy dayes.

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Marginalia2.
Confirmation.
Item, we will haue our children confirmed of the Bishop whē soeuer we shall within the Dioces resorte vnto him.

Marginalia3.
Consecration of the Lordes body.
Item, forasmuch as we constantly beleue that after the Prieste hath spoken the woordes of consecration beyng at Masse, there celebratyng and consecratyng the same, there is very really the body and bloud of our Sauiour Iesu Christ God and man, and that no substaunce of bread and wyne remayenth after, but the very selfe same body that was borne of the virgin Marie, & was geuen vpō the Crosse for our redemption: therfore we will haue Masse celebrated as it hath bene in tymes past without any mā communicatyng with the Priestes, for asmuch as many rudely presumyng vnworthely to receaue the same, putte no difference betwene the Lordes body and other kind of meate, some saying that it is bread before and after, some saying that it is profitable to no man except hee receiue it, with many other abused termes.

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Marginalia4.
Reseruatiō of the Lordes bodye cōsecrated.
Item, we will haue in our Churches reseruation.

Marginalia5.
Holy bread and holy water.
Item, we will haue holy bread and holy water in the remembraunce of Christes precious body and bloud.

Item, we will that our Priestes shall sing or say with an audible voyce, Gods seruice in the Quier of the Parish Churches, and not Gods seruice to be set forth like a Chrstmasse play.

Marginalia6.
The single lyfe of Priestes.
Item, for asmuch as Priestes bee men dedicated to God for ministryng and celebrating the blessed Sacramentes and preachyng of Gods word, we will that they shall lyue chaste without Mariage, as S. Paul did beyng the elect and chosen vessell of God, saying vnto all honest Priests, be you folowers of me.

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Marginalia7.
The vj. Articles to be renued.
Item, we will that the vj. Articles, which our soueraigne Lorde king Henry the eight set forth in his latter dayes, shall be vsed and so taken as they were at that tyme.

Item, we pray God saue king Edward, for we both his body and goodes.

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