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1539 [1539]

K. Edvvard. 6. Matter and processe agaynst Edmund Boner Byshop of London.

Marginalia1549.
Ombler captaine of the rebells taken.
habitants where he came, in the kinges name to resort to Hūmanby, by the way he was espyed, and by the circūspect diligence of Iohn Worde the yonger, Iames Aslabye, Rafe Thwinge, and Thomas Constable gentlemen, he was had in chace, and at last by them apprehended, and brought in the night in sure custodie vnto the citie of Yorke to aunswere to hys demerites.

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MarginaliaThe names of the rebels takē and executed at Yorke.After whom within short time Thomas Dale, Henry Barton, the fyrst chieftaines and ringleaders of the former cōmotion, with Iohn Dale, Robert Wright, W. Peycocke, Wetherell, and Edmūd Buttrye, busye sturrers in thys sedition, as they trauailed from place to place to draw people to their faction, were likewyse apprehended, committed to warde, lawfully cōuicted, and lastly executed at Yorke the. xxj. of September, an. 1549. MarginaliaEx actis iudiciarijs registro exceptis & notatis.Ex actis iudicij publici registro exceptis & notatis.

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MarginaliaThe styrring & rising of the French kyng against king Edward.To these pestiferous commotions raised vp against kyng Edward by hys own Subiectes in this yeare aforesayd within the realme, I might also adioyne the busie sturring and raging of the French king agaynst our young and innocent Prince, without the Realme. Who hearing of these tumultes and violent insurrections of the Kinges subiectes in diuers and sundrye quarters of the realme, supposing to take the tyme for hys most aduauntage, thought likewise for his part not to be vnoccupied. Who after he had by hys Ambassadour made open breach wyth the kyng, immediately after the reuocation of the sayd Ambassadour from hence, intending to anoy the Kyng, and make his first inuasion agaynst the Iles of Iersey and Gernesey, thought to haue surprised our ships and the sayd Iles with a certaine number of hys ships and Gallies. In the which hys assault, hee was so hotely saluted by the kynges shyps and the Island, that by the confession of them that saw it, and by the reporte written to the lord Protector, the French men at least lost a thousand mē, their shyps and Gallies so spoyled, as being forced to returne home, they were not able then to sette out againe.

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MarginaliaEx literis D. Protectoris.Farthermore out of Fraunce credible worde was brought to the Lord Protectour (whiche yet in letters appeareth) that into one towne in one vessell were brought at least iij. score Gentlemen to bee buried: and also an inhibition speciall giuen out by the kyng, not to speake of the successe in that iourney. This was about the begynning of August. 1549.

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MarginaliaEx literis D. Clintoni.The like also might be noted of the losses of þe sayd French kyng at Bullenbergh, the 8. day of August, the same yeare, as by þe L. Clyntons letters may well appeare: but for spending of tyme I passe it ouer. What the meanyng of þe French kyng was in these viages, or howe he intended farther to procede, I haue not herein to deale. MarginaliaThe wonderfull protection of the Lord, in defending king Edward.This is certeine and euident, that the mightie arme of God mercifully fought for kyng Edward hys seruaūt, to defend and deliuer him from so many hard daungers, so daungerous and sondry commotions styrred vp in so many quarters within this Realme, and also without the Realme, and all within the compasse of one yeare, and yet the Lord aboue fighting for his true seruaunt, dispatched them all, as in story here ye haue heard declared, and is no lesse worthy of all posteritie to bee noted.

¶ Matter concernyng Edmund Boner Byshop of London, with declaratiō of the Actes & processe entred agaynst hym in kyng Edwardes tyme. 
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Edmund Bonner

Bishop Edmund Bonner of London was the first to express his dissent from the Royal Visitation of August 1547. Bonner had been translated to London from Hereford in 1540, and had served Henry VIII as a diplomat. He was a committed supporter of the Royal Supremacy, but also an upholder of the conservative Act of Six Articles. When the Royal Commissioners entered his diocese he received them with a protestation that he would observe the Injunctions only 'if they be not contrary and repugnant to God's law and the Statutes and Ordinances of this church…'. This was construed as contumacy, and he was brought before the Council and committed to the Fleet. He protested that his words had been misconstrued, and submitted. For the next two years Bonner conducted himself acceptably in the eyes of the Council, even taking steps to ensure that the First Prayer Book was observed and used when it came into force in June 1549. However, he became increasingly concerned by the spread of radical preaching within his diocese, and by the appearance of extremist pamphlets. Consequently he took no action against Catholic non-conformity, and this worried the Council, particularly given what was happening in the West Country at that time. In August 1549 they sent for Bonner again and required him to preach a sermon at Paul's Cross upon certain articles which were prescribed to him.

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David Loades
University of Sheffield

ANd thus much hetherto hauyng discoursed touchyng the manifold troubles and tumultes raised vp on euery side agaynst kyng Edward by his vnkynd and vnnaturall subiectes, and yet notwithstandyng, the gracious goodnes of the Lord euer giuing him þe victorie: now let vs returne agayne to Boner Byshop of London, where wee lefte hym before, that is, in hys owne house, where hee was by the Counsaile commaunded to remaine, as is aboue signified, MarginaliaRead afore pag. 1496. col. 1. lin. 47.pag. 1496. And now forsomuch as we haue to enter into the story of þe said Boner, for the better vnderstāding of þe whole order therof, it shalbe requisite to ryppe vp the matter with the circumstaūces and occasions therof from the first begynnyng of kyng Edwardes tyme. Where is to be vnderstāded that kyng Edward in the first yeare of his reigne an. 1547. the fift day of Septēber, for the order of his visitation, MarginaliaSitting of the kinges Commissioners in Paules Church.directed out certaine Cōmissioners, as Syr Antony Cooke, Sir Ioh. Godsaule knightes, M. Iohn Godsaule, Christopher Neuinson Doctours of the law, & Iohn Madew Doctour of Diuinitie. Who sittyng in Paules Church vppon their Commission the day and yeare aforesayd, there beyng present at the same tyme Edmund Byshop of London, Iohn Royston, Polidore Virgill, Peter Van, and others of the sayd Cathedrall Church, after the Sermon made and the Commission beyng read, MarginaliaAn oth ministred to Boner to forsweare the Pope.ministred an oth vnto the sayd Byshop of London, to renounce and denye the Byshop of Rome with his vsurped authoritie, and to sweare obedience vnto the kyng, accordyng to the effect and forme of the Statute made in the xxxj. yeare of king Henry the eight: also that hee should present and redresse all and singular such thinges as were needefull within þe sayd church to be reformed. MarginaliaBoner requireth to see their Commission.Wherupon the sayd Bishop humbly & instantly desired thē that he might see their Commissiō onely for this purpose and intent (as hee sayd) that he might the better fulfyll and put in execution the things wherin he was charged by them in their Commission. Vnto whom the Commissioners answering, sayd they woulde deliberate more vpon the matter, and so they called the other Ministers of the sayd Church before them, and ministred the like oth vnto them, as they dyd to the Bishop before. To whom moreouer there and then certaine Interrogatories & MarginaliaPeter Lilly the publicke Notarie.Articles of inquisition were read by Peter Lilly the publicke Notarie. Which done, after their othes takē, the said Commissioners deliuered vnto the Bishop aforesayd certayne Iniunctions 
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A version of the 'Certaine injunctions' survives as a draft among the State Papers (SP10/8, nos.36 and 37. In the Calendar (ed. C.S. Knighton, 1992) it is noted that a part was printed by Foxe. The sermon was duly preached, but John Hooper and William Latimer, who had probably been briefed for the purpose, denounced him for having failed to address the specified issues satisfactorily. A Commission was then issued for his examination, which survives on the Patent Rolls as TNA C65/825, m.29d. (Cal. Pat., Edward VI, III, p.166). A draft of the Commission is TNA SP10/8, no.57 (which is also noted as printed by Foxe) and a version of the questions to be put to the bishop is SP10/8, no.58. There is a note in Bonner's register (GL MS 9531/12, pt 1, f.175d) of institutions conducted by Cranmer sede vacante 'per deprivatione Edmundi Bonner nuper episcopi', and the full proceedings are set out in the register (ff.222d-234), which was clearly Foxe's source. For a brief summary of Bonner's troubles (based on Foxe) see W.K. Jordan, Edward VI; the Young King (London, 1968), pp.216-8. The bishop was committed to the Marshalsea on 20 September 1549, and deprived on the 1 October. He remained in prison until Mary's accession, in spite of several appeals. The 'precept or decre' abolishing the books of the Latin rite, was also set out as a proclamation on the 25 December 1549. (P.L. Hughes and J.F. Larkin, Tudor Royal Proclamations, I, (1964) p.485.

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as well in print as written, and Homelies set forth by the kyng. All which thinges the sayd bishop receiued vnder the wordes of this protestation, as foloweth.

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MarginaliaBoners Protestation before the Cōmissioners receauing the kings Iniunctions.I Do receiue these Iniunctions and Homelies wyth this protestation, that I wyll obserue them, if they be not contrary and repugnant to Gods law, and the statutes and ordinance of the church, and immediately added wyth an oth, that he neuer read the said Homelies and Iniunctions.

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The which protestation being made in maner and forme aforesayd, the sayd Edmund B. of London instantly desired and required Peter Lilly the Regester aforesaid, there and then to regester and enact the same. And so the sayd Commissioners deliuering the Iniunctions and Homelies to Maister Bellasser Archdeacon of Colchester, and to Gilbert Bourne Archdeacon of London, Essex, and Myddlesex, and enioyning them in most effectuous maner, vnder paynes therein contayned, to put the same in speedy execution, and also reseruing other new Iniunctiōs to be ministred afterward, aswell to the Bishop, as to the Archdeacons aforesayd, according as they should see cause. &c. dyd so continue the visitation tyll three of the clocke the same daye in the after noone.

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At þe whych houre and place assigned, the Commissioners being set, and the Canons and Priestes of the sayd church appearing before them, and being examined vpon vertue of their othe for their doctrine and cōuersation of lyfe: MarginaliaNote the corrupte lyfe of these vnmaried Priestes and Popishe Votaries.fyrst one Iohn Painter, one of the Canons of the sayd Cathedral Church, there and then openly confessed, that he viciously and carnallye had often the companye of a certayne maryed mans wyfe, whose name he denyed to declare. In the which crime diuers other Canons and Priests of the sayd Church, confessed in lyke manner, and coulde not denye them selues to be culpable.

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And
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