Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1607 [1545]

Queene Mary. Queene Mary aduaunced. The Duke of Northumberlād prisoned & beheaded.

Marginalia1553.in this world, be not to be founde here among men. But seing our entent is to wryte a story, not to treate of office, let vs lay Suffolke mē aside for a while, whose desertes for their readines & diligence with þe Quene, I wyll not here stande vpon. What she performed on her part, the thing it selfe, and the whole storye of thys persecution doth testifie, as hereafter more playnly will appeare.

[Back to Top]

On the contrary side, the Duke of Northumberlād hauing hys warrant vnder the broad Seale with all furniture in a readines, as hee tooke hys viage and was now forward in hys way, what adoe there was, what styrring on euery side, what sendyng, what ridyng and posting, what letters, messages, and instructions went to and fro, what talking among the souldiours, what hartburning among the people, what fayre pretenses outwardly, inwardly what priuy practises there were, what speeding of Ordinance dayly and howerly out of the Tower, what rumours & comming downe of soldiours frō all quarters there was, a world it was to see, & a processe to declare, enough to make a whole Ilias. The greatest help that made for the Lady Mary, was þe short iourneies of þe Duke, which by commission were assigned to hym before, as is aboue mencioned. For the longer the Duke lingered in his viage, the Lady Mary the more increased in puissance, 

Commentary  *  Close

On one occasion - see textual variant 4 and textual variant 5 - Foxe replaced a shorter passage in the 1563 edition with a longer and superficially more detailed account. But actually there was no new information here; Foxe was simply polishing his rhetoric.

the hartes of the people being mightely bent vnto her. Whych after the Counsell at London perceaued, and vnderstood how the common multitude dyd withdraw their harts from them to stand with her, and that certaine Noble men began to go the other way: they turned their song & MarginaliaQueene Mary proclamed at London.proclaymed for Queene the Lady Mary, eldest daughter to king Henry. VIII. and appointed by Parlament to succeede king Edward dying without issue. And so the Duke of Northumberland, being by counsell and aduise sent foorth agaynst her, MarginaliaThe Duke of Northumberland ouerthrowē.was left destitute and forsaken alone at Cambridge, with some of his sonnes, and a few other, among whom the Earle of Huntington was one: who there were arrested & MarginaliaThe Duke of Northumberland brought to the Tower as a traytour.brought to the Tower of Londō as traytors to þe crowne, notwithstāding that he had there proclaimed her Queene before. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe added a passage to the 1570 edition - see textual variant 6 - which diluted the charge of treason against Northumberland.

[Back to Top]

Thus haue you Mary now made a Queene, and the swoord of authority put into her hand, whych, how she afterward dyd vse, we may see in sequele of thys booke. Therfore (as I sayd) when she had bene thus aduaunced by the Gospellers, and saw all in quiet by meanes that her enemies were conquered, sending the Duke captiue to the Tower before (whych was the. xxv. of Iuly) she followed not long after, MarginaliaQ. Mary cōmeth vp to Lōdon.beyng brought vp the thyrd day of August to London, wyth the great reioysing of many men, but wyth a greater feare of mo, and wyth flattery peraduenture most great, of fayned hartes.

[Back to Top]

Thus comming vp to London, her first lodging she tooke at the Tower, whereas the foresayd MarginaliaThe Lady Iane and the Lord Gilforde prisoners in the Tower.Lady Iane with her husband the Lord Gilford, a little before her comming, were imprisoned: where they remained wayting her pleasure almost fiue monethes. But the Duke within a moneth after his comming to the Tower being adiudged to death, MarginaliaThe Duke of Northumberland cōdemned to dye. was brought forth to the Scaffold, and there beheaded. Albeit he hauing a promise and being put in hope of pardon (yea though hys head were vpon the blocke) if he would recant & heare Masse, consented therto & denyed in wordes that true religion, MarginaliaThe Duke of Northumberland reuoketh hys religion. which before time, as wel in K. Henry. VIII. dayes as in K. Edwardes hee had oft euidently declared him self both to fauour and further: exhorting also the people to returne to the catholike fayth (as he termed it). Whose recantatiō the Papistes forthwith did publish and set abrode, reioysing not a little at his conuersion or rather subuersion, as then appeared. 

Commentary  *  Close

There is some fairly subtle re-writing of the passages describing the Duke of Northumberland's death - 'But the Duke within a moneth after his comming ... conversion or rather subversion as then appeared' - in the 1570 edition; (compare 1563, p. 902 with 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338 and 1583 pp. 1407-08). The 1563 edition speculates that Northumberland recanted because he might have been offered a pardon; the later editions assert this as fact. Again Foxe is mitigating Northumberland's conduct.

[Back to Top]

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe Duke of Northumberland beheaded.Thus the Duke of Northumberland with Syr Iohn Gates and Sir Thomas Palmer (which Palmer on the other syde confessed hys fayth that he had learned in the Gospell, and lamented that he had not liued

more gospellike) being put to death: MarginaliaSyr Iohn Gates and Syr Thomas Palmer confessing their fayth were beheaded. in the meane time Queene Mary, entring thus her raigne wyth the blood of these men: besides hearing Masse her selfe in the Tower, gaue a heauy shewe and signification hereby, but specially by the sodayne deliuering of Steuen Gardiner out of the Tower, that shee was not mynded to stand to that, which she so deepely had promised to the Suffolke men before concerning the not subuertyng, or altering of the state of religion: as in very deede the surmise of the people was therein nothing deceyued.

[Back to Top]

Besyde the premisses, other thinges also followed, which euery day more & more discomforted the people, declaring the Queene to beare no good will to the present state of religion: as, not only the releasing of Gardiner being then made Lord Chauncellour of England and Bishop of Winchester, Doct. Poynet beyng put out, but also that Boner was restored to his Bishopricke againe, and MarginaliaThe true preaching Byshops displaced.Doctour Ridley displaced: Item, D. Day to þe bishopricke of Chichester, Iohn Scory being put out: Itē, D. Tunstall to þe Byshopricke of Duresme: Item, D. Heath to the Byshopricke of Worcester, and Iohn Hoper committed to the Fleete: Item, Doct. Vesye to Exceter, and Miles Couerdale put out. These thynges beyng marked & perceyued, great heauines and discomforte grew more and more to all good mens hartes: but contrary to the wicked great reioycyng. In which discord of myndes & diuersitie of affections, was now to be seene a miserable face of thynges in the whole common wealth of England. They that could dissemble, tooke no great care how the matter went. But such whose cōsciences were ioined to truth, perceyued already coales to bee kyndled, which after should be the destruction of many a true Christian mā, as in deede it came to passe. In þe meane while Queene Mary, after these begynnynges, remouyng from the Tower to Hampton Court, caused MarginaliaA Parlament sommoned.a Parlament to be summoned agaynst the x. day of October next ensuing, wherof more is to be sayd hereafter.

[Back to Top]

Yea heard before how diuers Byshops were remoued and other placed in their roumes: amōgest whom was Doct. Ridley the Byshop of London, a worthy man both of fame and learnyng. Thys Doct. Ridley in tyme of Queene Iane had made a Sermon at Paules Crosse, so commaunded by the Counsell: MarginaliaBish. Ridley preacheth in Queene Ianes tyme.declaryng there hys mynde to the people as touchyng the Lady Mary, and dissuaded them, alledgyng there the incommodities & inconueniences which might rise by receiuing her to be their Queene, prophecying, as it were, before, that which after came to passe, that she would bryng in foreine power to reigne ouer them: besides the subuertyng also of Christian Religion then already established: shewyng moreouer that the same Mary beyng in his Dioces, he accordyng to his duety, beyng then her Ordinary, had trauayled much with her to reduce her to this Religion, and notwithstādyng in all other poyntes of ciuilitie she shewed her selfe gentle and tractable, yet in matters that concerned true fayth and doctrine she shewed her selfe so stiffe and obstinate, that there was no other hope of her to be cōceiued, but to disturbe & ouerturne all that which with so great labours had bene confirmed and planted by her brother afore. Shortly after this Sermon Queene Mary was proclaymed, whereupon he spedely repayryng to Fremingham to salute the Queene, had such cold welcome there, that beyng dispoyled of all his dignities, hee was sent backe vppon a lame haltyng horse to the Tower.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaM. Rogers preacheth.After him preached also Maister Rogers the next Sonday, intreatyng very learnedly vpon þe Gospell of the same day.

This so done, QueeneMary seyng all thynges yet not goyng so after her mynde as she desired, deuiseth with her Counsell to bryng to passe that thyng by other meanes, which as yet by open lawe she could not well accomplish, directyng forth an inhibition by proclamation, that no man should preach or read openly

[Back to Top]
in
HHHh.ij.
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield