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1608 [1546]

Quene Mary. Inhibitiō for Printing. A Dagger cast at Bourne preaching against K. Edward.

 

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The Inhibition

The root of the changes in the will of Mary is emphasized ('Q. Mary beginneth to set forth her popish religion. Religion here grounded vppon the Queenes will'), but Gardiner's place behind one of the changes is also mentioned in the margin ('Here was the head of Winchester'.) The lack of any prompting from within the text for this gloss was perhaps suggestive of the half-hidden forces at work behind Mary's basic desire for a catholic restoration. Most of the other glosses point out what was banned, and regret the fact. All editions give the date (August 18).

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MarginaliaAn. 1553.in Churches the worde of God, besides other thynges also in the same proclamation inhibited, the copy wherof here foloweth.

¶ An inhibition of the Queene, for Preachyng, Printyng. &c. 
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Block 4: Mary's Inhibition against Printing

Mary's proclamation banning unlicensed preaching, printing, etc. (1563, pp. 903-04; 1570, pp. 1569-70; 1576, pp. 1338-39 and 1583, pp. 1408-09) was undoubtedly printed from an original copy, probably from the version printed by John Cawood. This is confirmed by the fact that the 1563 edition prints the words 'God save the Quene' at the conclusion of the proclamation; this fidelity to the original was not repeated in subsequent editions. For a copy of this proclamation, with a list of the surviving copies, see Paul L Hughes and James F Larkin (eds.), Tudor Royal Proclamations, (3 vols, New Haven, 1964-99) II, pp. 5-8.

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MarginaliaAugust. 18. MarginaliaAn inhibition of the Queene for preachyng and Printing.THe Quenes hyghnes well remembryng what great inconuenience and daungers haue growen to this her hyghnes Realme in tymes past through the diuersitie of opinions in questions of Religion, and hearing also that now of late, sithens the begynnyng of her most gracious reigne, the same contentions bee agayne much renued through certeine false and vntrue reportes and rumours spread by some lyght and euill disposed persons, hath thought good to do to vnderstand to all her hyghnes most louyng subiectes her most gracious pleasure in maner folowyng.

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First, her Maiesty beyng presently by the onely goodnes of God, setled in her iust possession of the Imperiall crowne of this Realme, and other dominions thereunto belongyng, MarginaliaQ. Mary beginneth to set forth her popish religion.can not now hyde that religion which God and the world knoweth she hath euer professed from her infācie hetherto. Which as her Maiestie is minded to obserue and maynteine for her selfe by Gods grace duryng her tyme, MarginaliaReligion here grounded vpon the Queenes will.so doth her highnes much desire and would be glad the same were of all her subiectes quietly and charitably embraced. And yet she doth signifie vnto al her maiesties louyng subiectes, that of her most gracious disposition and clemency, her highnes mindeth not to compell any her sayd subiectes thereunto, vnto such tyme as further order by common assent may be taken therein: forbyddyng neuertheles all her subiectes of all degrees, at their perils to moue seditiōs, or styrre vnquietnes in her people by interpretyng the lawes of this Realme after their braynes and fantasies, but quietly to continue for the tyme, till (as before is sayd) further order may be taken, and therefore willeth and straitely chargeth and commaundeth all her sayd good louyng subiectes to liue togethers in quiet sorte and Christen charitie, leauyng those new founde deuilishe termes of MarginaliaTermes of Papist and Hereticke forbidden.Papiste or Hereticke, and such lyke, and applying their whole cares, study and trauaile to lyue in the feare of God, exercisyng theyr conuersations in such charitable and godly doyng, as their lyues may in dede expresse that great hūger and thyrst of Gods glory and holy worde, which by rashe talke and wordes many haue pretēded: and in so doyng, they shall best please God, and lyue without daungers of the lawes, and maintayne the tranquillitie of the Realme. Wherof as her hyghnes shalbe most glad, so if any man shall rashely presume to make any assēblies of people, or at any publicke assemblies or otherwise shall go about to stirre the people to disorder or disquiet, she mindeth, accordyng to her dutie, to see the same most surely reformed and punished according to her highnes lawes.

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And furthermore for asmuch also, as it is well knowē that sedition and false rumors haue bene nourished and mayntained in this Realme by the subtiltie and malice of some euill disposed persons, MarginaliaFalse surmise agaynst true Preachers, Printers, and Players. which take vpon them without sufficient authoritie to preach and to interprete the worde of God after their owne brayne in Churches and other places, both publicke and priuate: and also by playing of Enterludes, & Printyng of false fonde bokes, Ballades, Rymes, & other leude treatyses in the English tounge MarginaliaHere was the head of Winchester. cōcernyng doctrine in matters now in question, and controuersie touchyng the hygh poyntes and mysteries of Christen Religion, which bookes, Ballettes, Rymes and treatyses, are chiefly by the Printers & Stationers set out to sale to her graces subiectes of an euill zeale, for lucre & couetous of vyle gayne: her highnes therefore straitly chargeth and commaundeth all and euery of her sayd subiectes, of what soeuer state, condition or degree they be, MarginaliaPreaching, Printing, Reading, and Playing of Enterludes, restrayned.that none of them presume from hence forth to preach, or by way of readyng in Churches or other publicke or priuate places, except in the scholes of the Vniuersitie, to interprete or teach any Scriptures or any maner poyntes of doctrine concernyng Religiō, neither also to print any bookes, matter, ballet, ryme, Enterlude, processe, or treatyse, nor to play any interlude except they haue her graces speciall licence in writyng for the same, vpon payne to incurre her hyghnes indignation and displeasure.

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And her highnes also further chargeth and commaūdeth all and euery her sayd subiectes, that none of them of their owne authoritie do presume to punish, or to ryse

agaynst any offendour in the causes aboue sayd, or any other offendour in wordes or deedes in the late rebellion committed or done by the Duke of Northumberland or hys complices, MarginaliaThe whole cause of the rebellion done by the Duke of Northumberland, reserued onely to the Queenes order. or to sease any of theyr goods, or violently to vse any such offender by striking or imprisonyng, or threatnyng the same, but wholy to referre the punishment of all such offenders vnto her highnes and publicke authoritie, wherof her Maiesty mindeth to see due punishmēt accordyng to the order of her highnes lawes.

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Neuerthelesse, as her hyghnes mindeth not hereby to restraine and discourage any of her louyng subiectes, to geue from tyme to tyme true information agaynst any such offenders in the causes aboue sayd vnto her grace or her Counsaile, for the punishment of euery such offender, according to the effect of her highnes lawes prouided in that parte: so her sayd highnes exhorteth and straitly chargeth her said subiectes to obserue her commaundement and pleasure in euery part aforesayd, as they will auoyde her hyghnes sayd indignatiō and most greuous displeasure. The seuerity and rigor wherof, as her hyghnes shalbe most sory to haue cause to put þe same in execution: so doth she vtterly determine not to permit such vnlawfull and rebellious doynges of her subiectes, wherof may ensue the daūger of her Royall estate to remayne vnpunished, but to see her sayd lawes touchyng these poyntes to bee throughly executed, which extremityes she trusteth all her sayd louyng subiectes will foresee, drede and auoyde accordyngly: her sayd hyghnes straytely chargyng and commaundyng all Maiors, Shriues, Iustices of peace, Bailifes, Constables and all other publicke officers and ministers, diligently to see to the obseruyng and executyng of her sayd commaundementes and pleasure, and to apprehend all such as shall wilfully offende in this part, committyng the same to the next gayle, there to remayne without bayle or mayneprise, till vpon certificate made to her highnes or her priuy Counsayle of theyr names and doynges, and vppon examination had of their offences, some further order shalbe taken for their punishment, to the example of others, accordyng to the effect and tenour of the lawes aforesayd. Yeuen at our manour of Richmond the xviij. day of Auguste in the fyrst yeare of our most prosperous reygne.

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¶ Maister Bourne preachyng at Paules Crosse. 
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Block 5: Bourne's Sermon

The story of Bradford's appeasing a mob incited by Gilbert Bourne's Paul's Cross sermon (1563, pp. 904-05; 1570, p. 1570; 1576, p. 1339 and 1583, p. 1407 [recte 1409] is taken word for word from Robert Crowley's continuation of Lanquet's chronicle (see Robert Crowley, An epitome of cronicles ... to the reigne of our soveraigne Ladye Queene Elizabeth [London, 1559], STC 15217.5, sigs. Eeee4v-Ffff1r). This is Foxe's first extract from Crowley's chronicle, which will be his basic source for the political history of Mary's reign in the 1563 edition.

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The violence at Bourne's sermon, however, was known to Foxe when he wrote the Rerum. He will repeat an account of the incident, with different wording, in 1563, p. 1173; 1570, p. 1780; 1576, p. 1339 and 1583, p. 1604; this second account is an exact translation of the Rerum.

 

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Bourne's Sermon

Unsurprisingly, the margin points up the story of Bourne being rescued from an ugly crowd by Bradford and Rogers ('M. Iohn Bradford appeaseth the people' and 'Bradford, and Rogers garded the preacher'). The variation in terminology at the glosses 'Cranmer offereth to defend the doctrine of the boke of cōmōpraier' (1563) and 'Cranmer offereth to defend the doctrine of the seruice booke in english' (1570 and 1576) is possibly suggestive of changing views on the part of Foxe and his contemporaries about Cranmer's liturgy.

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MarginaliaMaister Bournes Sermon at Paules Crosse. August. 13.ABout this tyme or not long before, Boner Byshop of London beyng restored, appointed M. Bourne a Canon of Paules to preach at the Crosse, who afterward was Byshop of Bath, hee takyng occasion of the Gospell of the day to speake somewhat largely in iustifying of Boner being then present: which Boner, sayd he, vppon the same text in that place that day foure yeares had preached before, and was vppon the same most cruelly and vniustly caste into the most vyle Dungeon of the Marshalsey, MarginaliaNo maruell if Boner were so foule fallē away in such a vyle dungeon as the Marshalsey. and there kept duryng the time of kyng Edward. His wordes sounded so euill in the eares of the hearers, that they could not keepe silence, but began to murmure, and to sturre in such sorte, that the Maior and Aldermen with other estates then present, feared much an vproare. But the truth is that one hurled a dagger at the preacher, but who it was it could not then bee proued, albeit afterward it was knowen.

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In fine the sturre was such, that the Preacher pluct in hys head, and durst no more appeare in that place. The matter of hys Sermō tended much to the derogation and disprayse of kyng Edward: which thing the people in no case could abide. MarginaliaM. Iohn Bradford appeaseth the people.Thē Maister Bradford at the request of the Preachers brother, and other then being in the pulpit, stoode foorth and spake so mildly, Christianly, and effectuously, that with few wordes he appeased all: and afterward MarginaliaBradford & Rogers garded the preacher.he & Maister Rogers conducted the Preacher betwixt them from the pulpit, to the Grammer schoole doore, where they left him safe, as further in the story of M. Bradford is declared. But shortly after they were both rewarded with longe imprisonment, and last of all with fire in Smythfield.

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MarginaliaAugust. 20.The nexte sonday following,  

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The word 'day' in 1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409], is 'Sunday' in the previous three editions. This is a misprint in the 1583 edition which changes the chronology.

the Queenes Garde was at the Crosse wyth theyr weapons to garde the Preacher. And whē quiet men withdrew them selues

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